My brain hurts.
My brain hurts.
Há duas semanas, a Câmara aprovou a emenda do deputado Arnaldo Faria de Sá (PTB-SP) à medida provisória 664 que cria alternativa ao fator previdenciário no cálculo do valor da aposentadoria. O fator previdenciário é um redutor do valor do benefício se a aposentadoria ocorrer muito cedo. Faz todo o sentido, dado que a expectativa de vida tem aumentado.
O fator previdenciário, criado em 1999, corrige de forma imperfeita o fato de no Brasil haver aposentadoria por tempo de contribuição sem idade mínima para requerer o benefício.
Considere duas pessoas que contribuíram o mesmo número de anos, com a mesma expectativa de vida. A que se aposenta com idade menor usufruirá do benefício por um número maior de anos. O fator previdenciário faz exatamente este ajuste: quanto menor a idade da aposentadoria, menor o benefício, dado que o tempo de usufruto do benefício será maior.
A alternativa ao fator –a regra que permite a aposentadoria sem a correção dada pelo fator se a soma da idade e do tempo de contribuição for 95 para homens e 85 para mulheres– foi incluída na MP 664, que, entre outras medidas, altera os critérios de elegibilidade aos benefícios do programa de pensão por morte.
Além de incluir a emenda com a alternativa ao fator, o relatório do deputado Carlos Zarattini (PT-SP), aprovado na Câmara e agora submetido para apreciação do Senado, alterou o valor da pensão por morte. Na medida provisória original, a pensão seria de 50% do salário com adicional de 10% para cada dependente, no limite de cinco. No relatório aprovado, o benefício passou a ser integral.
Somente faria algum sentido manter a integralidade se houves- se conjuntamente a vedação ao a- cúmulo da pensão por morte com a própria aposentadoria. Conti- nuaremos a ser uma sociedade que gasta com pensão por morte de três a seis vezes mais do que qualquer outra.
Como tenho escrito repetidamente neste espaço, nossa sociedade pactuou um contrato social em 1988 –um conjunto de programas sociais com regras de elegibilidade e valores de benefício– que requer que o gasto público cresça além da expansão da economia.
Desde 1991 o crescimento do gasto da União com programas sociais tem sido de 0,3 ponto percentual do PIB por ano, ou 6,8% do PIB nos últimos 23 anos.
As projeções do Ministério da Previdência, que constam na LDO (Lei de Diretrizes Orçamentária), estimam que as despesas somente do INSS como porcentagem do PIB, dadas as regras atuais, crescerão 0,7 ponto percentual do PIB neste segundo mandato da presidente Dilma e continuarão a crescer ao longo dos próximos anos e décadas. De fato, crescimento de 0,7 ponto do PIB em um quadriênio é o ritmo que temos tido para essa rubrica do gasto social desde 1991.
As duas importantes alterações introduzidas na MP 664 têm uma característica em comum: o custo fiscal é muito elevado, mas somente virá no longo prazo.
No vazio político em que nos metemos, delineia-se o caminho que temos tomado. O PSDB resolveu virar oposição petista sem se preocupar com um de seus legados mais importantes, a sustentabilidade fiscal. O PT vota as medidas, mantendo os ganhos fiscais maiores de curto prazo e se aliando aos demais partidos da oposição na hipoteca do futuro do país. Caminhamos para, em alguns anos, sermos uma grande Grécia.
When we think of diabetes, we tend to think of rich people with poor lifestyles. A chronic disease linked with obesity, heart disease and worse outcomes for some infectious diseases, diabetes tends to be associated in our minds with wealth, excess and over-consumption.
May 19, 2015
During one of my philosophy courses at school, my professor gave us an in-class assignment:
For the next five minutes, I want you to think about literal Hell. What would it be like? What would you feel and experience?
And we sat and contemplated what Hell would be for each of us. And then we discussed it. Lots of fire and brimstone. Torture. Pain. It was a pretty lovely discussion.
Then he flipped it on us:
For the next five minutes, I want you to think about literal Heaven. What would it be like? What would you feel and experience?
Surprise, surprise: this was a really shit way to spend five minutes. You first think cool, I get to see all my dead friends and family again. But then you wonder what age they’d all be. And then like, even your BFF is kind of an asshole to you sometimes, do you really want him there? But you also don’t want everyone being complacent zombies all the time- that’d be no fun either. So maybe you just imagine a non-stop orgy and MDMA bender. But wouldn’t that get boring sometimes, too? Variety is the spice of the after-life, after all.
After about a minute of this we all just got bored. But he made us sit there and think about this for the full five minutes. It was surprisingly maddening. This was supposed to be Heaven, dammit. Eternal happiness. This should be easy.
It turns out, it’s much easier to focus on avoiding pain than it is to envision pleasure.
The hip thing nowadays is that your software company should hire only A-players instead of B- or C-players, or focus on engineers that are ten times better than anyone else. Whether or not that’s true is debatable and dependent on how you're able to measure it, but I think the sentiment itself is the wrong question to ask.
Their About page may say otherwise, but — drumroll, please — the average company is pretty average. Not everybody can hire exclusively top-tier people. And you know what? That’s fine. Quality of individuals is only one part of what makes an organization great. Sports is rife with examples of the nimble, well-connected team triumphing over the team of individual superstars.
When I worked at Gild, it became pretty clear that while nearly all companies boasted that We only hire A-players!, the reality was that most of the companies using our hiring software were most interested in finding people that don’t suck. They wanted good people that they didn’t need to pay the top 1% of salary in the world for. It’s pain avoidance rather than pleasure seeking behavior. It’s worrying about Hell rather than trying to get to Heaven. Basically, most people were Billy Beanes rather than Steve Jobses.
None of this is bad. What I think is bad is that there’s so much pride and focus on The Best of the Best of the Best, With Honors. It’s setting a pretty fucked up expectation for our industry.
This is an interesting tendency that can occasionally cut across a lot of different areas in your product.
A few years back I had just landed in Amsterdam and was desperately looking around for breakfast. I checked Foursquare and saw that two of my friends had eaten at a small place just up the block. I figure they must have done at least some research to go there, so it probably wasn't terrible. I ended up eating there and it was perfect. It wasn’t a Michelin star restaurant, because I didn’t need something amazing; all I wanted was to avoid eating shitty food.
When we’re building product, we tend to use words like best, perfect, optimized, and other top-tier words like that. That’s fine; certainly you want to help your user out as much as possible.
But with whatever you’re building, step back and realize that sometimes quick is better than best. Or flexible might be better than optimized.
Sometimes people just want a greasy burger.
It’s called fashion, look it up. (photos via nolanus)
(photos via snjr)
Often one associates origami with sharp and precise folds, miniature works that have a crisp perfection. Origami artist Hoang Tien Quyet shies away from this rigidity, instead folding his small objects with a technique called “wet-folding,” which allows curves to be created instead of the typical straight lines. With this technique Vietnam-based Quyet creates posed animals bounding with personality, their heads tilted and wings ready for flight.
The technique of wet folding was created by the late origami master Akira Yoshizawa, and involves dampening the paper so it easily accepts folds. Wet-folding gives the paper works a more realistic appearance, adds a rounded quality to the origami, and allows it to appear malleable even though the pieces dry into hardened forms. Wet-folding also involves using a thicker paper, as traditional origami paper would easily tear if wet.
Quyet is co-author of two books, “50 hours Origami +” and “VOG2 – origami.vn,” both published by Passion Origami. Quyet’s skill and has lead to him being invited to several international origami conventions, including Germany, France, Italy, and Japan. You can see more images of Quyet’s animals on his Flickr. (via My Modern Met)
A new app for lumbersexuals. (by Dan Meth)
(photo via mranthony101)
Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.
Explanation: What that looming behind this gravel-strewn hill on Comet ChuryumovGerasimenko? A jagged cliff. The unusual double-lobed nucleus of Comet 67P/ChuryumovGerasimenko lends itself to unusual and dramatic vistas, another of which has been captured by the Rosetta spacecraft that arrived at the comet last September. The featured cometscape, taken last October and digitally enhanced, spans about 850 meters across. Meanwhile, Comet ChuryumovGerasimenko continues to sprout jets as it nears its closest approach to the Sun in August. Along the way, Rosetta will continue listening for signals from Philae, a probe that landed on the nucleus but rebounded to an unknown surface location last November. If newly exposed to sunlight, Philae might regain enough energy to again signal Rosetta.Click Through the Universe: Random APOD Generator
Authors & editors:
Jerry Bonnell (UMCP)
NASA Official: Phillip Newman Specific rights apply.
A service of: ASD at NASA / GSFC
& Michigan Tech. U.
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Pneumàtic was founded by artists OOSS, Iago Buceta, and Mateu Targa for the street art festival Ús Barcelona. The idea behind the cut salvaged tire installations was to create works that tested the traditional uses of architecture, playing with the audience’s understanding of what is just beyond their physical grasp.
The works, which are all placed in linear or circular arrangements, also test the viewer’s association with architecture, giving a playful tactility to the spaces they occupy. Although most of the sculptures look as if they are only decorative, many impede walking paths, forcing one to walk around their blockade or traipse upon their back like a bridge. Each installation appears as if the solid structures the tires are adhered to are malleable, the pieces disappearing and emerging from the ground and walls like they are being slowly sucked in by quick sand. (via designboom)
Riding atop a paddle board, artist Sean Yoro (aka Hula), paints murals while floating on the waves, placing his works just above sea level. The murals, all portraits of women, have a hyperrealistic quality that appear as if each is existing just above the tide. Due to the works’ position above the water they reflect perfectly into the waves, the image extending out far from the painted surface.
The NYC-based artist paddles out to paint the murals, balancing his acrylic paint on his board all the while. Hula grew up on the island of Oahu, where he spent most of his days in the ocean. Although he grew up dabbling in graffiti, watercolor, and tattoo art, he didn’t take his work seriously until he began to paint the the human body when he was 21. Hula also uses cracked surfboards as a surface to paint his female portraits, more of which you can see on his Instagram, @the_hula. (via Street Art News)