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12 Aug 22:49

Tunnel Rats

by submission

Author : Rick Tobin

“You speak English, Mario? I don’t know German and you don’t speak French.” Emil put the phosphorescent torch down by the other resting miner. They took their break secretly, amid the dust and constant reverberation from other slaves mining the deep caverns.

“Some. Little bit. We speak here. So deep few come and they don’t burn us.” Mario coughed, looking at the dark blood splattering his tattered sleeve.

“You have it. You know it is bad.” Emil pointed at the glowing spurts reflecting the yellow glow of their lights. “They will put you in the surface if they see this. Here.” Emil rubbed the gray dust over Emil’s sleeve until the grime no longer shone under the torchlight.

“So long. These many years. So many faces in my head lost in these caves. I have tried to stay alive since the War, when they took us from the battlefield. You were there. I almost long for the smell of the trenches. At least there was water, even in the bombardments. There was horror, but no torture. None of these monsters driving us like cattle; only the madness of men, Earth men, to destroy us.”

“I heard from a crew in the cross tunnels that someone was on the surface and saw a flash on the Earth. Somewhere in the orient. Maybe a volcano, but it was bright as day. Maybe another war. We saw some new faces in the haulers. They had the new stare. Remember that, when we first were captured?”

Mario nodded, still catching his breath in his shattered lungs. The cloying humidity and high oxygen content pumped through the diggings ate away his stamina. The dizziness would return before the end of his shift. He would only think about lifting his pick against the walls, not knowing if he was actually lifting anything. That was all that was left…just imagining the movement to prevent the burning prods from the overseers.

“Mario, someday they will know.”

“Who?” Mario whispered.

“Us…those left behind. They will come here someday and find out the Moon is a slave market and that this horrible place is hollow. They will feel the blasting. They will see the lights in the craters and the ships bringing fresh workers here. Someday.”

The tattered men pushed up as the hum of an overseer patrol cart came near, pushing them to continued until they would be jettisoned on the dark side.

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10 Aug 16:00

Help Wanted

by submission

Author : Suzanne Borchers

“Hey, Cuz, why are you sitting on that refuse pile?” George5 glided by snickering. “Thought you were high end, not dead end!”

Eddie kicked at the garbage beneath him. He couldn’t be obsolete! He could still warm and cool his skin with just a thought.

He should have had two more years before the luxury spa was renovated. He had enjoyed regulating the restoration/whirlpool. He had enjoyed the soothing waves of the water mixed with the smiles of the bathers. He had been necessary. An Edward450 bot needed to be of service.

Eddie wasn’t ready to be recycled. He’d have to find something new. Eddie called, “Hear about any good jobs?” Even though Georgi5 was already down the alley at the corner, Eddie could hear his derisive laugh.

“My hands can still massage human muscles into relaxation,” Eddie mused. “I’m going back to my job at the Yoga to Go Studio.” After all, they knew he was hardworking. Then he remembered that it had been razed for a fast food chicklet joint.

Eddie wished he could frown. He kicked the pile beneath him.

It was then Eddie noticed an old ragged man writing on a cloth. The man slowly limped past shivering. His clothes were of light material, and he wore no hat or gloves in the freezing air. Eddie didn’t take his orb from the shaky form until a piece of rag drifted toward him on the wind. He pulled it off his stained metallic leg to read its handwritten words.

There once was a bot in my alley
Who certainly needed a pally
So join with me bot
You’re in a poor spot
The garbage ship’s here so don’t dally.

Eddie looked at the man who had turned to stare back at him. He heard the recycle ship rumbling behind him, the sound getting louder.

“You coming?” The ragged fellow turned and began to shuffle away.

“Wait!” Eddie was an intelligent bot and knew he only had seconds. He jumped from the pile and landed on his feet.

Later that evening, Eddie and Charles sat together inside a rickety box of piled metallic pieces tied together with strips of rags. Eddie emitted warmth and light into the space. Charles scribbled on another cloth, occasionally stopping to gnaw on a chicklet bone and take a swig from an ancient flask.

Charles sniffed then showed the cloth to Eddie.

There once was a ragged old man
Who prayed to his god for a plan
To keep him alive
And help him survive
So he sent a fantastic tin can.

Eddie wished he could smile.

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09 Aug 15:24


by submission

Author : Bob Newbell

“Another ten billion dollars a year?!” said the Senator incredulously. “And that on top of the billions already spent annually? And for a scientific toy that only worked one time for a few minutes? And that had some kind of radiation leak or something right after you switched it on? You better have one hell of a sales pitch.”

The quantum physicist nodded. “I realize we’re asking for a lot, Senator. And I’m not insensitive to the fact that the country has lots of other expenses. But the safety of not just the nation but the world depends on the SuperString Collider getting more funding.”

“I’m inclined to doubt that, doctor. You scientists already played the world safety card when you convinced Congress and the administration to write you a check sufficient to fund a major war just so you could build that giant dome over your white elephant.” The cantankerous legislator pointed at the kilometer-wide geodesic hemisphere that dominated the landscape. “And you’ve had four years to get it up and running again.”

“It will never be turned on again. In fact, the collider no longer exists. But we need our budget increased just the same.”

The Senator looked at the scientist with utter disbelief.

“Four years ago when we did a trial run of the SSC,” continued the physicist, “the machine worked perfectly. For the briefest of moments the collider’s detectors confirmed the presence of a ten-dimensional hyperspace just as was theoretically predicted. Exactly 17 hours, 21 minutes, and 11.3 seconds after the SSC was shut down, an area around the machine roughly three-quarters of a kilometer in diameter changed.”

“Changed? How?”

“The land on which the SSC had stood and the area around it had transformed into a desert. We detected low-level radioactivity in the soil. We thought the machine had created some kind of chain reaction that caused it and its surrounding to disintegrate. But 17 hours, 21 minutes, and 11.3 seconds after the facility’s security camera telemetry ceased, the area changed again, this time into a swamp.”

The Senator shook his head incredulously. “A swamp?”

“But like no swamp ever seen on Earth,” said the scientist. “We were able to retrieve several plant and animal specimens before the next transformation cycle occurred. Not one of them fit anywhere in the taxonomy of life on this planet. The military quickly took command of the situation. I and my colleagues had to sign nondisclosure agreements if we wanted to continue working on the project. A couple of acquaintances who refused have been ‘missing’ for some time.”

The car pulled itself up to the dome and automatically opened its doors. After going through a security checkpoint, the physicist and the Senator entered the dome. Steel and glass partitions reached from the floor to the inward-sloping interior wall of the dome. The partitions extended around the interior circumference of the structure hermetically sealing the area.

The contained land, at the moment, was covered in ice. A large, white, frog-like creature slid on the ice on its belly, its hind legs beating furiously to propel it across the tundra.

“What…what is that thing? An alien?”

“No, Senator, that creature is as much an Earthling as you or I. But it’s from an alternate Earth, an Earth with a radically different history and evolution. Sometimes it’s like the surface of the Moon. Other times, ‘people’ show up. Not human, but intelligent and bewildered. For a little over 17 hours, anyway.”

“Are you sure,” asked the Senator, “ten billion more a year will be enough?”

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06 Aug 05:43


by submission

Author : Beck Dacus

For most the difference between being stranded on an island and being stranded on a distant planet is merely numerical. But while stranded on the planet Ergingad, I could feel it.

Probes had been there before, so it had been explored. We knew about the atmosphere, gravity, composition and anything else that there was to know. We also knew it was uninhabitable; there was no life, and terraforming it would be a waste. My crew and I went to establish an automated mining base. But when the ships boron-proton reaction chamber ruptured, nearly killing all of us, I didn’t think, “I’m stuck here.” I thought, “I’m stuck 2 quadrillion kilometers from civilization.”

You start to get the feeling that the galaxy isn’t that big, because anywhere you go, you can fly back from. But the instant that’s not true anymore, you realize that the scales you’re talking about are too big for any human mind to comprehend. But if you can comprehend it, you are utterly terrified.

I can see it in the others now. We’re all jumpy, depressed, irritable, and mistrustful. I don’t know if we’ll ever get rescued. I don’t know if we’ll let each other live long enough to find out.

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26 Jul 18:01

Watch The Weeklong Summer Games Done Quick Charity Speedrun Marathon 

by Mike Fahey

Watch The Weeklong Summer Games Done Quick Charity Speedrun Marathon 

Forget the sun. Forget the beach. Hang out with us and watch more than 140 video games being speedrun to benefit Doctors Without Borders during the 2015 Summer Games Done Quick Marathon.

Easily one of my most eagerly anticipated annual events, the summer companion to January’s Awesome Games Done Quick tournament is an excellent reason to stay inside glued to a monitor or television instead of going outside to be backed by our closest star.

Running non-stop through early Sunday morning, the 2015 Summer Games Done Quick event is all about cheering on players, community spirit and gaming for good. It’s also about rewarding donations to global emergency medical aid organization Doctors Without Borders with cool incentives.


Here’s the full Wednesday marathon schedule. Highlights include an ongoing Kirby marathon, Earthbound and The Legend of Zelda: Majora’s Mask.

Wednesday July 29th
Time Game Runner Platform Target Time
12:05 AM Castlevania: Aria of Sorrow Dragondarch Gamecube (GBP) 0:15:42
12:38 AM Castlevania: Dawn of Sorrow romscout DS 0:38:27
1:19 AM INCENTIVE! Portrait of Ruin glitched run romscout DS 0:17:28
1:49 AM Ori and the Blind Forest Vulajin PC 0:44:05
2:49 AM Shantae and the Pirate's Curse TheSoundDefense Wii U 1:06:26
4:05 AM Mighty Switch Force! 2 TonyOgbot Wii U 0:23:29
4:50 AM Hotline Miami 2: Wrong Number Duke_Bilgewater PC 0:46:51
5:48 AM Bastion Vulajin PC 0:50:28
6:50 AM Half-Minute Hero Essentia PSP 0:28:45
7:51 AM Kingdom Hearts Birth by Sleep FM HD AdamTimothy0 PS3 1:12:41
9:12 AM Gargoyle's Quest unusualcook Gamecube (GBP) 0:33:09
9:52 AM Kirby's Dream Land 2 BBQSauz Gamecube (GBP) 0:40:18
10:37 AM Kirby: Tilt N Tumble danray2352 Gamecube (GBP) 0:18:00
11:02 AM Kirby Super Star usedpizza SNES 1:20:00
12:27 PM Kirby's Avalanche vs. Dr. Robotnik's Mean Bean Machine CosmykTheDolfyn SNES or Genesis 0:20:00
12:52 PM Earthworm Jim Athens_ Genesis 0:35:00
1:32 PM Ecco: The Tides of Time Dolfinh Genesis 0:45:00
2:22 PM Gunstar Heroes iongravirei, TonyOgbot Wii VC 0:50:00
3:17 PM Freedom Planet johannhowitzer, Mylexsi PC 1:05:00
4:37 PM Sonic the Hedgehog: Triple Trouble bertin Gamecube 0:25:00
5:07 PM Sonic Advance Combo_Blaze, kirbymastah Gamecube (GBP) 0:25:00
5:47 PM Sonic the Hedgehog 2 Aleck47, Jmatt Genesis 0:30:00
6:22 PM Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask 3D NOUFozzy 3DS 2:15:00
8:42 PM BONUS! The Legend of Zelda, swordless jkoper NES 1:05:00
9:57 PM Earthbound Aurilliux SNES 1:55:00
11:57 PM Prince of Persia: Sands of Time Henneko_ PC 1:20:00

Make sure your affairs are in order before you press play—it’s impossible to stop watching this stream.

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26 Jul 17:58

Researchers claim they’ve developed a better, faster Tor

by Sean Gallagher

Tor, the world's largest and most well-known "onion router" network, offers a degree of anonymity that has made it a popular tool of journalists, dissidents, and everyday Internet users who are trying to avoid government or corporate censorship (as well as Internet drug lords and child pornographers). But one thing that it doesn't offer is speed—its complex encrypted "circuits" bring Web browsing and other tasks to a crawl. That means that users seeking to move larger amounts of data have had to rely on virtual private networks—which while they are anonymous, are much less protected than Tor (since VPN providers—and anyone who has access to their logs—can see who users are).

A group of researchers—Chen Chen, Daniele Enrico Asoni, David Barrera, and Adrian Perrig of the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in Zürich and George Danezis of University College London—may have found a new balance between privacy and performance. In a paper published this week, the group described an anonymizing network called HORNET (High-speed Onion Routing at the NETwork layer), an onion-routing network that could become the next generation of Tor. According to the researchers, HORNET moves anonymized Internet traffic at speeds of up to 93 gigabits per second. And because it sheds parts of Tor's network routing management, it can be scaled to support large numbers of users with minimal overhead, they claim.

Like Tor, HORNET encrypts encapsulated network requests in "onions"—with each layer being decrypted by each node passing the traffic along to retrieve instructions on where to next send the data. But HORNET uses two different onion protocols for protecting anonymity of requests to the open internet and a modified version of Tor's "rendezvous point" negotiation for communication with a site concealed within the HORNET network.

Read 6 remaining paragraphs | Comments

26 Jul 04:32


ANA,hilarious,lexus,license plate

Submitted by: Unknown

24 Jul 19:41

Apple Music Is Worse Because You Can’t Delete It From Your iDevice

by Laura Northrup

My friend Gretchen has a folder on her iPhone’s home screen called “Crapple.” It’s where she sticks all of the apps that Apple adds to her device that she doesn’t use. As Apple has forced apps for their smart watch, HealthKit, bookstore, a separate podcasts app, their own maps app, and now their streaming music store on users, all of these come with apps that you can’t get rid of.

There’s a problem with pushing too many apps on users: anything that they don’t actually use is just burdensome and takes up hard drive space. For the makers of hardware and software alike, “spotlighting your own apps only works as well as the apps themselves do,” points out Brian Barrett in Wired. Part of the reason why some people switched to the iPhone in the first place was the relative lack of bloatware.

We’ve written before about the challenges that come along with trying to disentangle yourself from Apple services that you do use, like when iPhone users switch to another phone platform and their text messages still get redirected to iMessage.

Here’s the problem, which is specific to the current generation of Apple devices: the apps that you can’t get rid of gobble up 3 GB of space, and they still sell a 16 GB phone. If they want their customers to use these apps, they should create something superior instead of making something that people are stuck with forever and ever.

Apple Music’s Worst Feature? You Can’t Delete It [Wired]

23 Jul 22:17

Universal's agents send Google a censorship demand for ""

by Cory Doctorow is the "loopback" address for your Internet stack, the address you tell your computer to visit when you want it to talk to itself.

Links to just go to your own computer -- it's like asking your computer to knock on its own door. Not understanding this is directly analogous to not being able to find your own ass with both hands.

The same division of Universal also went after the IMDB page for Furious 7, which is apparently a movie of some description.

And while we’re on the topic of self censorship, it’s worth noting that Universal Pictures also asked Google, in a separate notice, to remove from the search results.

The mistakes were made by the French branch of the movie studio, which only recently began sending takedown notices to Google. The company has reported less than 200 URLs thus far including the mistakes above.

While Universal is the rightsholder, it’s worth noting the notices are sent by Trident Media Guard (TMG), the private company which also carried out file-sharing network monitoring for the French Government’s Hadopi scheme.

Universal Asks Google to Censor “Furious 7″ IMDb Page, and More [Ernesto/Torrentfreak]

(via Techdirt)

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23 Jul 17:51

MeFi: Exponential Hangover

by CrystalDave
Web Design: The First 100 Years

So despite appearances, despite the feeling that things are accelerating and changing faster than ever, I want to make the shocking prediction that the Internet of 2060 is going to look recognizably the same as the Internet today.

Unless we screw it up.

If you think the Web is a way to CONNECT KNOWLEDGE, PEOPLE, AND CATS, then your job is to get the people and cats online, put a decent font on the knowledge, and then stand back and watch the magic happen.

If you think your job is to FIX THE WORLD WITH SOFTWARE, then the web is just the very beginning. There's a lot of work left to do. Really you're going to need sensors in every house, and it will help if everyone looks through special goggles, and if every refrigerator can talk to the Internet and confess its contents.

And if you think that the purpose of the Internet is to BECOME AS GODS, IMMORTAL CREATURES OF PURE ENERGY LIVING IN A CRYSTALLINE PARADISE OF OUR OWN INVENTION, then your goal is total and complete revolution. Everything must go.
23 Jul 15:09

Fiat Chrysler Offers Software Patch For Some Internet-Connected Vehicles After Hackers Hijack Jeep

by Mary Beth Quirk

This seems relevant a conversation on a different post. Maybe it's ok if it's treated like a recall and dealers will just do the work for free if you bring it in?

After a journalist’s report of being inside a 2014 Jeep Cherokee while hackers miles away took over his car as part of an experiment, Fiat Chrysler has announced it’s offering a software patch for some of its internet-connected vehicles. That being said, the company didn’t directly acknowledge the hacking event itself.

The company released a statement saying that just like other technology like smartphones and tablets, sometimes vehicle software updates are required “for improved security protection to reduce the potential risk of unauthorized and unlawful access to vehicle systems.”

“The software security update, provided at no cost to customers, also includes Uconnect improvements introduced in the 2015 model year designed to enhance customer convenience and enjoyment of their vehicle,” Fiat Chrysler says, via Automotive News.

A story on by Andy Greenberg on Tuesday told how hackers Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek had remotely taken control of the Jeep he was driving, as part of a pre-arranged demonstration designed to call attention to the Uconnect Infotainment system’s vulnerability. It’s installed in 2013-14 Chrysler, Dodge, Jeep and Ram vehicles, and the 2015 Chrysler 200, with an 8.4-inch touch screen and Wi-Fi hot spot.

Fiat Chrysler doesn’t have the capability to push software to affected systems wirelessly, so the company is instead directing drivers to where they can download the security patch themselves, or take their vehicle to a dealer for the software to be upgraded for free.

The hackers had said they were planning on releasing part of the code they used to infiltrate the system at an upcoming Black Hat conference, to convince automakers that their products are vulnerable. Fiat Chrysler does not approve.

“Under no circumstances does FCA condone or believe it’s appropriate to disclose ‘how-to information’ that would potentially encourage, or help enable hackers to gain unauthorized and unlawful access to vehicle systems,” the company said in the statement.

Jeep hacking prompts FCA software update to enhance security [Automotive News]

23 Jul 14:50

When scientists hoard data, no one can tell what works

by Cory Doctorow

Peer review and replication are critical to the scientific method, but in medical trials, a combination of pharma company intransigence and scientists' fear of being pilloried for human error means that the raw data that we base life-or-death decisions upon is routinely withheld, meaning that the errors lurk undetected in the data for years -- and sometimes forever.

In an outstanding article for Buzzfeed, Ben "Bad Pharma" Goldacre tries to untangle the complex web of phenomena that results in trial-data secrecy, while conveying the urgency of independent auditing of that data.

Adversarial peer review is the process by which your friends point out your errors and your enemies call you an idiot for making them. It's bruising -- and it's become so uncommon that the press reports on human error in studies as though it was a scandal, rather than the routine phenomenon it really is. This creates a vicious cycle: researchers are fearful of publishing their data, making the detection of errors into a rarity. This rareness makes those errors into scandals. The scandals make researchers reluctant to publish.

The best way to assess the evidence of statins is to combine the raw data from all trials. This week the British Medical Journal published an editorial explaining that they have requested the original patient data from 32 major statins trials to do just that. Despite follow-up calls and emails, only seven teams have deigned to respond.

Conducting a trial, and then refusing to let anyone see the data, is like claiming you’ve flown a spaceship to Pluto, but refusing to let anyone see the photos.

That would be laughable. But the justifications for secrecy from drug companies and researchers are hardly any more plausible. Sometimes, they play on fear and authority. What about the idiots, they say? The anti-vaccination conspiracy theorists, and the journalists who love them: Won’t they use this information to create mischief, by picking endless holes in perfectly good data?

Well, this week, NASA flew a spaceship past Pluto, and the truthers appeared right on cue to say it was all a fake. Idiots gave them coverage. And then…the sky did not fall in. NASA was not defunded. The claims were debunked, by bloggers who enjoyed the sport. And everyone tweeted that clip of astronaut Buzz Aldrin punching a conspiracy theorist in the face.

Scientists Are Hoarding Data And It’s Ruining Medical Research [Ben Goldacre/Buzzfeed]

(via Dan Hon)

(Image: Drupal Modules as of 11/9/07, Kent Bye, CC-BY)

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22 Jul 22:27

Universal Studios Copyright Bot Stupidly Asks Google To Delist IMDb Page For “Furious 7″

by Chris Morran

Universal either has the stupidest copyright bot on the planet or it genuinely doesn't want people going to the one website on Earth everyone goes to for basic information about movies.

Universal either has the stupidest copyright bot on the planet or it genuinely doesn’t want people going to the one website on Earth everyone goes to for basic information about movies.

Under the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, it’s against the law to knowingly misrepresent a copyright infringement claim, and yet copyright holders and the automated bots they use to spit out these takedown and delist demands continue to make sweeping, obviously inaccurate claims without penalty. The latest example comes to us courtesy of Comcast-owned Universal Studios. noticed that Universal (through a third party) was sending out DMCA takedown notices for a number of the films it controls, and that some legitimate — and sometimes unrelated — sites were being caught up in these wide nets.

For example, this recently filed DMCA request with Google demanded that the company remove search results for a number of sites that allegedly infringed on the copyright for Furious 7 the latest film in the Fast & Furious franchise.

While many of the links included in the delist request were for sites with possibly infringing footage or links to illegal torrents of the film, one stood out: A link to the Internet Movie Database for this same film.

It’s an obvious error, and one that Google will undoubtedly catch because it cares more about the accuracy of these requests than the copyright automatons that file them. But it shows just how little these bots know of the actual Internet landscape if they can’t identify one of the world’s most popular websites as not being a source for pirated content.

And this isn’t the only error in this particular DMCA delist request. In France, Universal released the Michael Mann film Blackhat as Hacker, and among the various demands to delist sites allegedly infringing on the film’s copyright, the moronic copyright bot also sought to remove search results for this completely unrelated TechDirt article on hacking.

Again, Google will probably not oblige this delist request, but copyright holders need to be held accountable for making frivolous DMCA claims.

A Pennsylvania woman is still in the middle of an 8-year battle with Universal Music over that company’s overzealous use of the DMCA to have YouTube remove her 29-second clip of her baby dancing to a barely discernible Prince song.

“Unfounded and abusive takedown notices inflict real harms on [online service providers], Internet users, and copyright holders,” reads an amicus brief filed in that case by Google, Twitter, Tumblr, and Automattic. “Every time an unfounded takedown notice results in the removal of legitimate, non-infringing content posted by a user, it constitutes unjustified censorship of the user’s right to share speech with others and interferes with the OSP’s business of hosting and disseminating that user’s speech.”

22 Jul 16:51

Lewis' Law

by Ari Spool

A writer named Helen Lewis defined this Internet axiom on Twitter in 2012, declaring “The comments on any article about feminism justify feminism.”

22 Jul 15:23

3D-Printed Destiny Gun That Actually Works

by Gergo Vas

3D-Printed Destiny Gun That Actually Works

We’ve seen a lot of Destiny weapon replicas over the past few months, created by various methods, but the Thorn hand cannon Kirby Downey made has a small twist: There’s an airsoft gun hidden inside.

Might be against the rules of an airsoft field to run around with a replica like this, but it certainly looks great.

This is a Converted airsoft version of my thorn which I designed. It is made to be a simple shroud which encases an electric CYMA Glock 18C AEP airsoft pistol.

The model has space for 3x 5.3 mm Metal dowels. This improves the strength of the model and decreases the risk of it breaking if it gets knocked or dropped.

In order to access the batter the thorn has to be dismantled but the rest of the necessary components have ease of access.

3D-Printed Destiny Gun That Actually Works


3D-Printed Destiny Gun That Actually Works

3D-Printed Destiny Gun That Actually Works

3D-Printed Destiny Gun That Actually Works

Here’s a video of a WIP version of the gun being tested:

To contact the author of this post, write to:

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22 Jul 01:50

Why "All Lives Matter" instead of "Black Lives Matter" is such a stupid thing to say

by Xeni Jardin

I'm a white guy, I don't have to go out and prove that my life matters. Is it fair for me to point out that the lives of the LGBTQ community matter too? I suppose that "non-white and non-socioconforming life matters" doesn't quite have the same ring to it.

Image: Wikipedia.

Image: Wikipedia.

Reddit has been in the news of late for hateful, harrassing content--mobs of trolls piling on people and ruining their lives, under cover of anonymity. That happened, yes, but so do threads of greatness. Here's one: in the very interesting “Explain it Like I'm Five” subreddit, a thread titled “Why is it so controversial when someone says "All Lives Matter" instead of "Black Lives Matter"?.” A wonderful and useful response.

Reposted here to preserve it for all eternity.

ELI5: Why is it so controversial when someone says "All Lives Matter" instead of "Black Lives Matter"?

Imagine that you're sitting down to dinner with your family, and while everyone else gets a serving of the meal, you don't get any. So you say "I should get my fair share." And as a direct response to this, your dad corrects you, saying, "everyone should get their fair share." Now, that's a wonderful sentiment -- indeed, everyone should, and that was kinda your point in the first place: that you should be a part of everyone, and you should get your fair share also. However, dad's smart-ass comment just dismissed you and didn't solve the problem that you still haven't gotten any!

The problem is that the statement "I should get my fair share" had an implicit "too" at the end: "I should get my fair share, too, just like everyone else." But your dad's response treated your statement as though you meant "only I should get my fair share", which clearly was not your intention. As a result, his statement that "everyone should get their fair share," while true, only served to ignore the problem you were trying to point out.

That's the situation of the "black lives matter" movement. Culture, laws, the arts, religion, and everyone else repeatedly suggest that all lives should matter. Clearly, that message already abounds in our society. The problem is that, in practice, the world doesn't work the way. You see the film Nightcrawler? You know the part where Renee Russo tells Jake Gyllenhal that she doesn't want footage of a black or latino person dying, she wants news stories about affluent white people being killed? That's not made up out of whole cloth -- there is a news bias toward stories that the majority of the audience (who are white) can identify with. So when a young black man gets killed (prior to the recent police shootings), it's generally not considered "news", while a middle-aged white woman being killed is treated as news. And to a large degree, that is accurate -- young black men are killed in significantly disproportionate numbers, which is why we don't treat it as anything new. But the result is that, societally, we don't pay as much attention to certain people's deaths as we do to others. So, currently, we don't treat all lives as though they matter equally.

Just like asking dad for your fair share, the phrase "black lives matter" also has an implicit "too" at the end: it's saying that black lives should also matter. But responding to this by saying "all lives matter" is willfully going back to ignoring the problem. It's a way of dismissing the statement by falsely suggesting that it means "only black lives matter," when that is obviously not the case. And so saying "all lives matter" as a direct response to "black lives matter" is essentially saying that we should just go back to ignoring the problem.

TL;DR: The phrase "Black lives matter" carries an implicit "too" at the end; it's saying that black lives should also matter. Saying "all lives matter" is dismissing the very problems that the phrase is trying to draw attention to.

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22 Jul 01:42

Star Wars VR Pitch Looks Like The Perfect Star Wars Game

by Luke Plunkett

Star Wars VR Pitch Looks Like The Perfect Star Wars Game

Director Rob McLellan, who is turning his robot serial killer short ABE into a feature film with MGM, has also been working on something else: a Star Wars VR game.

Along with his VFX guy Craig Stiff, and with a little help from games studio HammerheadVR, they’ve put together this demo of what they’re toying with, built and running entirely in Unreal Engine 4.

It’s...well, on looks alone it’s everything you want from a Star Wars VR game, really. Rebel Assault, but not sucky.


Note this is a fan project, not a commercial title. Rob and Craig are hoping to have a playable demo/build available by the time Oculus Rift is released next year.

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22 Jul 01:32

Man Wins French Scrabble Champs, Doesn't Speak French

by Luke Plunkett

Man Wins French Scrabble Champs, Doesn't Speak French

Nigel Richards, a God amongst mortals on the Scrabble tournament scene, has outdone himself this time: he’s won the French version of the Scrabble world champs without speaking a word of French.

Richards, who dominates Scrabble tournaments in the US and UK, won the French tournament the same way he’s able to exert his dominance in other languages: he has a terrifying memory.

“He doesn’t speak French at all, he just learnt the words” Liz Fagerlund, a close friend of Richards, told the New Zealand Herald, saying it’s been only eight weeks since he began studying the French dictionary. “He won’t know what they mean, wouldn’t be able to carry out a conversation in French I wouldn’t think.”


“He does have a reputation for being the best Scrabble player ever and they know about him already”, she adds, “but they probably didn’t necessarily expect him to go in for the first time and beat them at their own game.”

The French are apparently, for what it’s worth, “gobsmacked”.

Image: Getty

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21 Jul 20:24

Chicago’s police review agency fires investigator for not exonerating cops

by Mark Frauenfelder

Chicago's Independent Police Review Authority (IPRA) was formed in 2007 to review police brutality. Since that time, IPRA has investigated nearly 400 civilian shootings by cops. It has found only one shooting to be unjustified. But then Lorenzo Davis, 65, a former Chicago police commander who became an investigator for the IPRA, found "a few cases in which he believed police had inappropriately fired their weapons." Suddenly Davis, who had previously been getting stellar reviews for his work on the IPRA, was fired.

Through most of his IPRA tenure, Davis’s performance evaluations showered him with praise. They called him an “effective leader” and “excellent team player.”

The final evaluation, issued June 26, said he “is clearly not a team player.”

Radley Balko of the Washington Post writes, "'Team player' of course meaning 'willing to side with cops who shoot people.'"

And of course this is the city where police were found to have tortured suspects for decades. Conveniently, the city managed to cover up the mess long enough for the statute of limitations to prevent all but one of the officers from facing any criminal charges. In 2008, the city’s most elite police unit was disbanded after officers were accused of a host of crimes from assault to theft to burglaries to conspiracy to commit murder. And just earlier this year, the Guardian reported new allegations of torture, beatings, and other physical abuse at an abandoned warehouse.

Just a thought: Maybe the Chicago PD needs fewer “team players.”

Image: Shutterstock

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21 Jul 18:11

What It’s Like To Be Inside A Car When Hackers Take Control From Miles Away

by Mary Beth Quirk

This car wasn’t hacked. (jayRaz)

It sounds like a nightmare: You’re driving along, maybe whistling along to the radio, when suddenly the music changes and starts blasting, the car begins honking and won’t stop and the transmission cuts out. Nightmarish though that may sound, it could be a reality for hackers able to get control of a vehicle from miles away.’s Andy Greenberg has a great story today of his time working with Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek, hackers who turned him into a “digital crash-test dummy” as they tested their car-hacking research. They developed a technique that can target Jeep Cherokees wirelessly and give the attacker control of any of thousands of vehicles via the Internet.

For the tests, Greenberg knew the car he was driving would be hacked, he just didn’t know when or how. The hackers — working from a laptop 10 miles away — promised not to do anything that could endanger him, however. He writes that he was going 70 mph on a highway when the team took control.

At first, they blasted him with cold air and hitched the radio’s volume up as high as it could go, and he couldn’t turn it off. The windshield wipers turned on and sent wiper fluid streaking across the glass. And then, things did get a bit scary: the transmission cut out.

Immediately my accelerator stopped working. As I frantically pressed the pedal and watched the RPMs climb, the Jeep lost half its speed, then slowed to a crawl. This occurred just as I reached a long overpass, with no shoulder to offer an escape. The experiment had ceased to be fun.

After the Jeep gets stuck on an upward slope, with a semi-truck approaching it from behind, he finally called the hackers and begged them to make it stop so he could get out of that tough spot.

Miller and Valasek are planning to publish some of their work on the Internet pegged to a talk they’re giving at the upcoming Black Hat security conference. says their work on wireless hacking has inspired new legislation from senators Ed Markey and Richard Blumenthal, who are planning to introduce an automotive security bill on Tuesday to set new digital security standards for cars and trucks.

This kind of work is proving useful in the automotive industry, with car manufacturers and industry groups working together to create cyber defenses for commercially available vehicles. Though no instances of car hacking are known publicly, security experts and car makers have been busy conducting tests like the above to show how easily it could become a reality.

“You’re stepping into a rolling computer now,” Valasek told AP last fall.

Check out the rest of Greenberg’s tale at

21 Jul 17:16

Why PPTQs Are Hurting Magic, by Mark Nestico

Now that the PPTQ system is well-established and has fully replaced the former PTQ system, Mark Nestico asks a provocative question: is this helping or hurting the achievement of the PPTQ system's stated goals?
21 Jul 16:59

A Good Reason To Celebrate The Virtual Boy's 20th Anniversary

by Mike Fahey

A Good Reason To Celebrate The Virtual Boy's 20th Anniversary

Nintendo’s first foray into 3D gaming was released in Japan on July 21, 1995. On this, the Virtual Boy’s 20th birthday, let’s take a moment to appreciate all the joy it has brought gamers over the years. No really, I’m serious.

One of Nintendo’s biggest missteps, the red-and-black 3D gaming machine that is the Virtual Boy also stands as a testament to the company’s dogged dedication of hardware innovation.

A Good Reason To Celebrate The Virtual Boy's 20th Anniversary


Had most other companies released a major product that was met with a response as abysmal as the one the Virtual Boy received, they’d not only stop attempting to think outside of the box, they’d set up a defensive perimeter around it complete with attack dogs and sniper towers.

But Nintendo has gone on to bring us motion control, balance boards, controllers with built-in screens and—most apropos to this occasion—a 3D handheld that actually works, followed shortly by an updated version that actually works well.

So while the Virtual Boy may not have generated much in the way of direct joy, it was instrumental in establishing a Nintendo standard that would eventually make millions of gamers around the world incredibly happy.

A Good Reason To Celebrate The Virtual Boy's 20th Anniversary

Now back to the headache jokes.

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21 Jul 16:46

Fiat Chrysler “connected car” bug lets hackers take over Jeep remotely

by Sean Gallagher

A pair of computer security researchers based in St. Louis demonstrated weaknesses in an automobile system with cellular connectivity installed in as many as 471,000 vehicles in the US. Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek highlighted the vulnerability of the system by attacking a Jeep Cherokee equipped with the Uconnect system remotely while Wired's Andy Greenberg was driving it.

Uconnect, a "connected car" system sold in a number of vehicles produced by Fiat Chrysler for the US market, uses the Sprint cellular network to connect to the Internet and allows owners to interact with their vehicle over their smartphone—performing tasks like remote engine start, obtaining the location of the vehicle via GPS, and activating anti-theft features. But vulnerabilities in Uconnect, which Fiat Chrysler has issued a patch for, made it possible for an attacker to scan Sprint's cellular network for Uconnect-equipped vehicles, obtaining their location and vehicle identification information. Miller and Valasek demonstrated that they could then attack the systems within the car via the IP address of the vehicle, allowing them to turn the engine of the car off, turn the brakes on or off, remotely activate the windshield wipers, and take control of the vehicle's information display and entertainment system.

Miller and Valasek also found that they could take remote control of the steering of their test vehicle, the aforementioned Jeep Cherokee—but only while it was in reverse.

Read 2 remaining paragraphs | Comments

21 Jul 16:44

Study: Online gaming “losers” are more likely to harass women

by Kyle Orland

Talk to women who play games online, especially first-person shooters, and you'll quickly hear tales of them being bombarded with gender-focused harassment if and when they decide to speak up on a groupchat channel. Now, a new study suggests that the players most likely to engage in this kind of harassment are the ones who are actually worst at the game itself.

In the study, published last week by the Public Library of Science, two researchers from the University of New South Wales and Miami University of Ohio looked at player reactions during 126 recorded matches of Halo 3 team deathmatch. Matches were divided into a control group—where the player was silent throughout—and two experimental groups where the researchers played the same set of inoffensive prerecorded statements (e.g., "Alright team let’s do this" or "That was a good game everyone") in either a male or female voice.

For each experimental match, the researchers transcribed any responses to these prerecorded snippets from their teammates (all the responses came from male-identified voices—if there were any other women playing in these matches, they stayed silent). Those responses were then hand-coded into positive (e.g., "Do ya thing, girl"), negative (e.g. "Should've made me a sandwich, bitch"), and neutral (e.g., "You wanna jump in the jeep?") groups. The researchers also kept track of the responding players' overall Halo 3 skill ranking (as determined by Xbox Live) and game-specific metrics like kill/death ratio and whether the team won the game. These performance metrics were also compared against the experimental player to create a relative skill ranking.

Read 6 remaining paragraphs | Comments

21 Jul 16:12

Ashley Madison Says It’s Secured All Customer Data After Hack Attack

by Mary Beth Quirk

I'm gonna go out on a limb here and say that either a ransom was paid, or we'll be seeing the leak hit the torrent networks shortly. Based on the statement, I'm guessing the former.

ashleymadison-580x370After a group of hackers posted a sampling of user data stolen from, the parent company of the dating site for cheaters says it’s secured all customer information that was allegedly leaked.

Avid Life Media told Business Insider that it’s working to delete the leaked data and had already “successfully removed all posts related to this incident as well as all Personally Identifiable Information (PII) about our users published online.”

The leaked data included users’ real names and addresses, as well as information about ALM’s internal servers, and sensitive company data like bank accounts and salaries. ALM didn’t confirm how much of that exposed information was legitimate, but hackers claimed they had accessed the full database of around 40 million accounts from Ashley Madison, along with other ALM sites like Cougar Life and Established Men.

ALM says it used the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) and various other unspecified techniques to remove the data, but wouldn’t give BI more details as to how it removed the content. It added that it’s continuing to work with law enforcement and “forensics security experts” to find the root of the breach.

Hackers reportedly blamed the breach on the company’s failed promise to permanently delete users’ information when they opted for a $19 “full delete” service. The hackers called that feature a “complete lie,” saying it doesn’t actually delete paying customers’ information.

ALM denied that allegation in a statement to Business Insider.

Contrary to current media reports, and based on accusations posted online by a cyber criminal, the ‘paid delete’ option offered by does in fact remove all information related to a member’s profile and communications activity.

The process involves a hard-delete of a requesting user’s profile, including the removal of posted pictures and all messages sent to other system users’ email boxes. This option was developed due to specific member requests for just such a service, and designed based on their feedback.

Ashley Madison says it has removed its customers’ leaked data from the internet [Business Insider]

21 Jul 15:40

Gamesmanship and the strange little books that taught me how to win at everything

by Michael Borys

Well, I certainly hope that I never become a gamesman. That's a shitty way to win.

I’m not saying that I’ve ever been truly cool, but I can say with great certainty that, right now, I am not uncool. This beautiful state of being doesn’t just happen overnight. For those of us not born with the cool, it takes a whole lot of work, even more luck, and sometimes a push in the right direction.

After years of awkward, social fumbling at school, followed by years of failing in my first experiences in the workplace, I knew I needed help. I just never thought it would come from tiny books that were written in the early 1960s.

When I stumbled upon Stephen Potter as a teenager at our public library, I knew I had found something very special. His books literally changed my life because they taught me how to win…at everything…even when I lost.

2The first of his books that I read was called Three-upmanship, and it walks a delicate tightrope between "hilariously outrageous" and "amazingly insightful." The primary focus of the book is teaching you the art of a term Stephen Potter coined: Gamesmanship.

This art works its way into every aspect of your life, if properly embraced. The better you are at applying the tactics learned in his books, the less people will know that you are up to anything sneaky. It’s like when a great magician false-shuffles a deck of cards. It works because no one sees that it is happening… but it is.

But beware: there may come a time when the very act of Gamesmanship becomes more important than the game itself. It is very easy to be seduced by such things because when it works, it’s magical.


Though the books steadily give you “rules to live by”, they are delivered tongue in cheek. You will, therefore, have a decision to make from the very start: will you simply laugh at how outrageous they are? Or realize that a well-timed delivery of a breath mint to a billiard opponent really can be the difference between victory and defeat.

Unknown See Michael, a passionate collector of artifacts and designer of unique puzzles, at Boing Boing's three-day extravaganza, the Weekend of Wonder, running Sept. 18-20. A weekend of workshops, tech demons and wild performances, there'll be plenty of fun surprises!

When I met my first and only wife, I told her about Stephen Potter’s books and how so many of the mechanics taught in them play a part in our lives. She knows my secret. Because of this, whenever I do something out of the ordinary she'll say something like, “If I didn’t know you so well, I’d think you were a pretty amazing person.”

Of course, that seems like a back-handed compliment, doesn't it?  And it is. It too is a form of Gamesmanship… and I love it!


Until now, only she and my sister have known about this, my most prized secret of secrets. Since I am 45 years old, and have gotten the chance to benefit from Mr. Potter so much, I am passing him on to you. I only ask that you don't use what you learn against me, and that you'll use your new powers for good.

Bah! That’s impossible, and I know it! Do what you want with it, and don’t look back! Live long and prosper!


When you're done reading these books, you'll effortlessly sail through life, with windblown hair from unseen winds.  Your opponents will only remember your victories and you will appear invincible to them. Because of this, you will convince your opponents to lose to you long before the games have begun.

Well, that's what it seems like, anyway.


Be warned. You will have to ease people into the new you very slowly. You will have to treat them as if they are a frog, boiling in your awesomeness. Little by little, you can turn up the heat. You will have to work this way because, no matter how much you want it, you can’t just all of a sudden be completely not uncool.


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21 Jul 14:39

After a rush, aviation stopped "progressing" -- the Web might be next

by Cory Doctorow

Maciej Cegłowski's "Web Design: The First 100 Years" is a characteristically provocative riff on the past and future of "progress" that asks the question, if aviation stopped producing faster, more powerful aircraft in the 1970s, will the IT industry do the same?

SSTs and other expensive aircraft fizzled because it seemed that there was no good, sustainable reason to build planes that could get from A to B in half a day, when much cheaper craft could do the same flight in a day.

Today, we're downsizing our IT, moving from blazing towers to speedy laptops to zippy phones to merely nimble watches. We can build computers that are much faster than the state of the art, but why? All the extra speed gets you is a platform for sloppy design and coding to take advantage of, resulting in no real speed gains for users (and sometimes slowdowns).

If the Web's platforms are stabilizing, that has huge implications for design, which has been buffeted by constant change. At best, it may mean that the idea that only "web scale" ideas are worth pursuing is over, and perhaps we're going to the promised days in which our networked devices open up niches for people to woo their odd muses and make connections that allow for communitarian, niche interests to flourish.

This exponential hangover leads to a feeling of exponential despair.

What's the point of pouring real effort into something that is going to disappear or transform in just a few months? The restless sense of excitement we feel that something new may be around the corner also brings with it a hopelessness about whatever we are working on now, and a dread that we are missing out on the next big thing.

The other part of our exponential hangover is how we build our businesses. The cult of growth denies the idea that you can build anything useful or helpful unless you're prepared to bring it to so-called "Internet scale". There's no point in opening a lemonade stand unless you're prepared to take on PepsiCo.

I always thought that things should go the other way. Once you remove the barriers of distance, there's room for all sorts of crazy niche products to find a little market online. People can eke out a living that would not be possible in the physical world. Venture capital has its place, as a useful way to fund long-shot projects, but not everything fits in that mold.

The cult of growth has led us to a sterile, centralized web. And having burned through all the easy ideas within our industry, we're convinced that it's our manifest destiny to start disrupting everyone else.

I think it's time to ask ourselves a very designy question: "What is the web actually for?"

I will argue that there are three competing visions of the web right now. The one we settle on will determine whether the idiosyncratic, fun Internet of today can survive.

Web Design: The First 100 Years [Maciej Cegłowski/Idlewords]

(via O'Reilly Radar)

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21 Jul 12:15, Dating Site For Cheaters, Hacked; User Info Posted Online

by Chris Morran

ashleymadison-580x370The parent company of, a dating site that brazenly declares “Life is short. Have an affair,” is the latest subject of a massive data breach. Over the weekend, hackers posted a sampling of user data stolen from the site. was the first to report news of the breach, which was subsequently confirmed by Avid Life Media, the Toronto-based company behind these sites.

Though hackers only posted a small sample of user data, they claim to have accessed the full database of around 40 million accounts from Ashley Madison, along with other ALM sites like Cougar Life and Established Men.

The attack also compromised information about ALM’s internal servers, and sensitive company data like bank accounts and salaries, reported Krebs.

ALM was reportedly targeted because the company charges a $19 fee for a “Full Delete” service to completely erase details of customers’ — a promise the hackers say ALM failed to live up to.

“Full Delete netted ALM $1.7mm in revenue in 2014. It’s also a complete lie,” wrote the hackers in explaining their actions. “Users almost always pay with credit card; their purchase details are not removed as promised, and include real name and address, which is of course the most important information the users want removed.”

The hackers demand that ALM take down Ashley Madison and Established Men permanently “in all forms, or we will release all customer records, including profiles with all the customers’ secret sexual fantasies and matching credit card transactions, real names and addresses, and employee documents and emails.”

The hackers have little sympathy for the users of these sites.

“Too bad for those men, they’re cheating dirtbags and deserve no such discretion,” they wrote. “Too bad for ALM, you promised secrecy but didn’t deliver. We’ve got the complete set of profiles in our DB dumps, and we’ll release them soon if Ashley Madison stays online. And with over 37 million members, mostly from the US and Canada, a significant percentage of the population is about to have a very bad day, including many rich and powerful people.”

In its statement confirming the breach, ALM apologized “for this unprovoked and criminal intrusion into our customers’ information. The current business world has proven to be one in which no company’s online assets are safe from cyber-vandalism, with Avid Life Media being only the latest among many companies to have been attacked, despite investing in the latest privacy and security technologies.”

The company says it has been able to secure its sites and that it is working with law enforcement.

“Any and all parties responsible for this act of cyber–terrorism will be held responsible,” reads the statement.

21 Jul 03:20

Watch All Of Valve's Portal VR Demo

by Nathan Grayson on Steamed, shared by Nathan Grayson to Kotaku

Neat. I still don't know if VR is just a flash in the pan, or the next big thing. I hope it's the latter.

Watch All Of Valve's Portal VR Demo

Valve’s been showing a demo of a virtual reality Portal game behind closed doors for a few months. Now, finally, you can see the whole thing.

ValveTime filmed their playthrough of the Aperture VR demo at a recent game jam in London. It’s not the best view ever (unfortunately, they weren’t able to get direct feed footage with sound), but it still shows off all the stuff you can reach out and touch with your cool TV remote hand. Check it out with commentary here:


Or without commentary here:

Basically, you mess around with some drawers—one of which contains a tiny civilization that recoils in terror upon seeing you, the Science Giant—and struggle to repair a robot more multifaceted than one of those sandwiches from the old Scooby Doo cartoons. After that, an old friend crashes the party. You are, of course, quite glad to see her. Well, glad-ish.

So here’s the thing: walking around with my own two feet and spinning the demo’s mechanical cogs with my hands? It was super cool, verging on mind-blowing, when I got to do it a few months ago. Watching a shriveled up video of that—at the time—enormous experience? Decidedly less impressive.

Once again, we confront VR’s big sticking point: you’ve got to try it for yourself to get anything even resembling the full impact. For everyone else, it’s hard to see what all the fuss is about. This goes double for Valve VR, where the main appeals include walking and touching—things you have to feel, in other words. This stuff is gonna live and die based on people getting to try before they buy, whether through friends, stores, events, or something else.

Well, that and price.

You’re reading Steamed, Kotaku’s page dedicated to all things in and around Valve’s stupidly popular PC gaming service. Games, culture, community creations, criticism, guides, videos—everything. If you’ve found anything cool/awful on Steam, send us an email to let us know.

To contact the author of this post, write to or find him on Twitter @vahn16.

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21 Jul 03:03

Rare look at how big business defends "Investor State Dispute Settlements"

by Cory Doctorow

ISDSes are the most controversial element of secret trade deals like TPP and TTIP: they let giant international corporations sue countries to repeal environmental, safety and labor laws that interfere with their profitability.

The European Commission has proposed some mild moderation of ISDSes in future trade agreements, prompting near-panic from the Heritage Foundation, which lobbies on behalf of the giant corporations who benefit from being able to decide which laws democratically elected legislatures are allowed to pass.

Heritage has launched into a full-court lobbying press in favor of ISDS, and in so doing, has provided a rare glimpse of how big business's top spin doctors defend the indefensible:

The rest of the post provides rare insights into the thinking of the pro-ISDS, pro-big business camp in the US. Bizarrely, it describes corporate sovereignty tribunals as:

designed to safeguard fair, unbiased, and transparent legal processes by providing independent and impartial arbitration.

That's an odd description of processes that take place in secret, with no case law to guide decisions, no limits to damages, no right to appeal, and where the tribunal members are corporate lawyers who can also act for the same companies that appear before them in other cases, because there are no rules governing conflicts of interest. But more interesting than this topsy-turvy view of reality is the following revealing comment:

because any case inside the EU can ultimately reach the European Court of Justice (ECJ), and the ECJ is mandated to make decisions that promote deeper European integration, it is not clear how the U.S. can rely on the ECJ to rule fairly when the EU seeks to promote integration in ways that discriminate against the U.S.

Essentially, then, The Heritage Foundation objects to Europe's highest court doing its job of strengthening the European Union, and wants supranational corporate sovereignty tribunals as an option to overrule its judgements -- confirming critics' worst fears about ISDS undermining democracy.

EU Proposes To Reform Corporate Sovereignty Slightly; US Think Tank Goes Into Panic Mode [Glyn Moody/Techdirt]

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