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30 Jul 15:45

Trump deserves a Darwin Award.

by David P. Goldman

My inbox is full of emails touting Donald Trump’s “Time to Get Tough” book, now with Rush Limbaugh’s endorsement. He blames most of America’s problems on a “tidal wave” of illegal Hispanic immigrants and unfair Chinese trade practices. He reminds me of H.L. Mencken’s classic one-liner: “For every complex problem there is an answer that is clear, simple and wrong.” One might add, “dangerous,” because Trump appeals to our desire to blame someone else for problems we created. If you want something to worry about, have a look at the math questions that Chinese high school students have to answer to qualify for college admission.

Let’s review the facts.

Immigration from Mexico actually fell after the 2008 crash, mainly because construction jobs disappeared.

Source: Pew Institute

The best data we have suggest that net immigration from Mexico was negative between 2005 and 2010–that is, more Mexicans left the US than arrived. Hispanics, to be sure, are more visible in the workforce–their share of total employment has risen from about 14% 10 years to to 17% today–but that is due to the natural increase in the Hispanic population. In 1990, non-Hispanic whites had a fertility rate of 1.7 children per female, vs. 2.9 children for Hispanics. This bumper crop of Hispanic children has been entering the workforce for the past several years. But that has nothing to do with recent trends in immigration.

As for China: During the early 2000′s, US imports from China were growing at 20%-30% a year. Since 2011, imports from China have hardly grown. That’s because China’s currency has appreciated by one-third since 2005 (from 12 cents to the dollar to 16 cents), making Chinese goods pricier in the American market.



That’s not what we ought to be worrying about.

China is graduating twice as many PhD’s in STEM (science, technology, engineering, math) disciplines as the US. China’s economy is way behind the US, but catching up fast in key areas. Chinese missiles can sink any US aircraft carrier within a range of several hundred miles from its coast. China can knock out American satellites. Chinese computation capabilities are on par with America’s. China has more industrial robots installed than any country in the world. China is about to become the dominant producer of Internet communications equipment (with Huawei replacing Cisco as the global market leader). China and its periphery manufacture everything that goes into American tech products.

America used to have disruptive, innovative tech companies. Now we have corporate giants run by patent trolls rather than engineers whose mission is to suppress innovation. Apple, a design company that relies on Asian production, now accounts for two-thirds of all profits in the S&P 500 Technology Sub-Index.

America used to have nonpareil defense technology. Now we are betting the defense budget on the F-35, a plane like the proverbial horse designed by a committee, and sold by defense industry lobbyists.

Ronald Reagan knew that America’s edge in defense technology also translated into an hedge in civilian technology. The Defense Department stood godfather to most of the major innovations of the 1960s through the 1980s, from lasers to computer chips to the Internet. His Strategic Defense Initiative helped convince the Russians they couldn’t compete with us. Back in 1983, I was a junior researcher crunching numbers on defense spending and productivity for the then head of plans at National Security Council, Norman A. Bailey. Why do you think China decided to break with Russia and support America de facto during the Cold War? The answer is simple: China respected and feared America’s technological prowess.

Yes, I’m for tough enforcement of immigration laws. I want a long, tall fence on the Mexican border. But Trump deserves a Darwin Award. If we obsess about Mexicans and Chinese microwave ovens, we’re going to lose, and lose bigtime.

22 Jul 08:44

Top Stories So Far: Saab-Brazil Industrial Cooperation To Kick Off In 2015 Autumn

by Saab AB

lennart1.jpg"We are looking forward to welcoming Brazilian engineers to Sweden," says Lennart Sindahl, Deputy CEO, Saab at the recently held LAAD 2015. 

The Brazil Gripen deal includes extensive industrial cooperation, particularly when it comes to technology transfer, and autumn 2015 marks the beginning of this cooperation when approximately 350 Brazilians will be coming to Saab’s facility in Linköping, Sweden for an on-the-job training.

The training includes practical experience in Gripen development, training and production, and will continue for a number of years, after which the Brazilian experts will return to their homeland gradually. During this phase, Saab employees will accompany them to build up operations in Brazil.

Throwing some light on the technology transfer commitment, Göran Almquist, deputy programme manager for Gripen in Brazil says that it includes development, production and maintenance.

“The main aim is to train up Brazil’s own industry so that it will eventually be able to maintain its own fleet of Gripen aircraft and also develop its own future technology,” Almquist says.

Published: 7/29/2015 2:48 PM
24 Jul 16:45

by Eduardo Maçan

Na mitologia grega Sísifo era o mestre da malícia. Enganou o mais esperto dos ladrões, usou de informação privilegiada para obter favores de um deus e ofendeu a Zeus, que enviou a morte para dar um jeito no incômodo.

Sísifo Enganou a morte com seu jeitinho, malemolência e samba nos podos. Quando finalmente morreu, Zeus o mandou direto pro "inferno", onde recebeu o castigo de rolar montanha acima uma enorme pedra de mármore. Quando estivesse quase chegando ao topo, a pedra rolaria novamente até o pé da montanha e assim sucessivamente, por toda a eternidade.

Enough said.

Nova meta sugere crise mais dura e longa na economia |

A mudança na meta fiscal mostra o governo reconhecendo que a crise e seu impacto na arrecadação é mais grave do que o imaginado inicialmente

15 Jul 12:24

Top Stories So Far: Saab Sees An Increased Interest From Cost Conscious Buyers

by Saab AB

5144895_2161652.jpegAt a time when some of the biggest names in the global defence industry have decided to end production of their well known fighter planes, Sweden’s Defense and Security company, Saab, gets going, says The Wall Street Journal.

With little in the way of a global marketing machine, Sweden has had outsize success in winning export orders. That is thanks to Saab AB’s Gripen combat jet, it adds.

WSJ interviews Saab’s Chief Executive Håkan Buskhe who points out, that unlike before, weapon buyers are becoming more cost-conscious now.

“Seven to eight years ago, no one discussed affordability when it comes to arms equipment. There was a paradigm, when I started, that if it is not expensive, it is not good. The cost component—that was not really the big deal in the past—has really caught up with each and every economy around the world. That does not mean you can sell an aircraft that is not good enough. There is no point in sitting in an aircraft that gets shot down and saying ‘at least it’s affordable’. So I think that is the key part of our success, and I believe we have a window going forward,” Buskhe says.

Read the original story here

Please note that one may need a WSJ subscription to read the full story.

Published: 7/23/2015 2:55 PM
24 Jul 08:31

First full Panasonic GX8 review from ePhotozine: “We’ve been impressed”.

by 43rumors


Image courtesy: ePhotozine

ePhotozine is the first site publishing a full review of the new Panasonic GX8. They write:

The Panasonic Lumix GX8 improves on the GX7 noticeably, with the inclusion of 4K video recording and 4K photo features, as well as a larger electronic viewfinder, improved vari-angle touch-screen, plus more. The GX8 features weather-sealing which makes it more competitive with alternatives on the market, and the camera offers additional shooting controls and options, along with RAW processing in-camera. The Dual Image Stabilisation system along with the new 20.3 megapixel sensor is an interesting development, as the GX8 now offers the highest resolution sensor available in a Micro Four Thirds camera. The camera is introduced at a relatively high price, and is noticeably larger than the predecessor, the GX7, along with other Micro Four Thirds cameras, but offers one of the best electronic viewfinders available.
We’ve been impressed with what the GX8 has to offer, with some of the best image quality possible from a Panasonic camera, with competitive noise performance and an abundance of features including 4K video / photo modes, improved 4-axis sensor shift image stabilisation, built in Wi-Fi, NFC, and fast continuous shooting. The camera feels good to hold, with a solid body and good external controls. The weather-sealing along with the large high resolution electronic viewfinder makes it a joy to use the camera, and the Panasonic Lumix GX8 would make an excellent upgrade path for anyone with an earlier Panasonic Lumix camera.

The camera earned a “hIghly recommended” mark with 4,5 out of 5 points.

Black GX8 at Amazon, Adorama, BHphoto and Panasonic. In Eu at WexUK.
Silver GX8 at Amazon, Adorama, BHphoto and Panasonic. In Eu at WexUK.
FZ300 at Amazon, Adorama, BHphoto and Panasonic.


15 Jul 12:34

Top Stories So Far: Gripen C Will Play An Important Role For Years To Come

by Saab AB

gp5.jpg"Saab will continue to work on improvements and upgradation of Gripen C, even after the launch of Gripen E," says Ulf Nilsson, the new head of the company's aeronautics division.

According to a report in, while the first Gripen E is still in the development phase at the Saab plant at Linköping, the Swedish Defence and Security Company continues to develop systems for Gripen C, providing upgrade options to existing operators to enhance the fighter’s capabilities. 

“The development (of Gripen E) is proceeding according to plan. We are flying at full speed right now and are testing the radar system and the new avionics. Everything indicates that we can handle the deliveries on time,” says Ulf Nilsson.

Development of the C/D platform will continue along side that of the Gripen E. In practice, one can say that there will be two Gripen models. Although they have much in common, yet they are two different planes, the report adds.

Read the full story: Saabs flygchef byter strategi

Published: 7/24/2015 6:37 AM
15 Jul 12:02

Top Stories So Far: Some Things You Ought To Know About Gripen NG

by Saab AB

gripen ng18.jpgThreat scenarios are changing everyday, giving ample reason for the operational requirements to change as well. Users no longer want a specific aircraft for each operational role. They look for a system that can undertake all roles. 

Gripen NG is among the first aircraft to focus on more than air-to-air combat. This means  that it can cover a full range of mission requirements, saving customers the cost of  owning separate bombers and fighters. The fighter aircraft can seamlessly change between roles within a single sortie if needed. Gripen NG can perform a wide range of missions, from offensive and defensive counter strikes to air policing and tactical air reconnaissance.

Here are some of the important things you ought to know about Gripen.

Information Support

During a live mission, knowledge means everything to a fighter aircraft pilot. It is very important for the pilot to identify enemy assets and share intelligence with wingmen. What is equally important is that all the information should be available in a clear, clutter free way; only the required information should be visible on the screen.

Gripen NG is equipped with MFS-EW (Electronic Warfare system), which is a complete, highly integrated suite that includes radar warning receiver, missile approach warning, electronic support measures and countermeasures. 

The next generation fighter aircraft also has features like IRST which provides passive situation awareness at long range against air and ground targets and ES-05 Raven AESA radar which tracks air-to-air and air-to-surface targets, simultaneously and independently.


The aircraft is interoperable with army, navy and C2 organisations, and is also fully NATO-compatible. Gripen’s Data Link System (TIDLS), along with a Link 16 or National Data Link provide capabilities like Data link within the Tactical Air Unit and  Data link between Gripen, AEW&C and C2 centres, on ground or at sea.

Weapon System

Gripen NG has weapons for all types of mission, from guided bombs for precision engagement with low collateral damage, to long-range and agile air-to-air missiles and heavy anti-ship armaments. The single-seat Gripen NG is equipped with a 27 mm Mauser BK27 gun which can be used in air-to-surface attacks against land and sea targets and is suitable for air policing missions.

Two-seater Gripen NG

A two-seater version of Gripen NG is in development and will be used for both pilot training and combat missions. For the combat role, this version will be optimised to enable air battle management from the back seat, including jamming, information warfare and network attack capabilities. Weapon System Officer (WSO) and EW roles can also be facilitated from this position.

Read more about Gripen NG here​.

Published: 7/16/2015 10:57 AM
13 Jul 13:40

Hans-Juergen Schoenig: Transactional DDLs

When checking out those new features of Sybase 15.7 (yes, from time to time I got to see what commercial databases are up to),  I stumbled over an interesting and yet amusing line: “Fully Recoverable DDL”. The details seem to indicate that not just Sybase is still having a hard time to handle transactional and […]
13 Jul 12:02

Top Stories So Far: Sea Gripen Concept Gets New Momentum

by Saab AB

SeaGripen_032_landb copy (1).jpgSaab's naval version of Gripen E for the Brazilian Navy might be a step closer now, reports Airheads Fly​.

According to the report, the Aviação Naval Brasileira (AvN) may opt to initiate dialogues regarding the development of the naval version of Gripen E, also known as Sea Gripen.

The Sea Gripen is intended for both CATOBAR as well as STOBAR operations. All the sensors, avionics and weapons and the GE 414G of the Gripen NG will be offered in the Sea Gripen. The small logistic footprint, high availability and a smaller, lighter airframe results in significant gains from a maintainability point of view. The Gripen spares inventory is therefore lighter, smaller and adds less to the load of the carrier and it takes fewer personnel to maintain the aircraft.

The Sea Gripen will also have superior sensor fusion abilities, the Selex Raven AESA radar, Infra-Red Search and Track, plus a revolutionary avionics architecture including ultra-fast databuses and Ethernet.  The system can be easily integrated with advanced weapon systems

Read the full story here.​​

Published: 7/13/2015 1:57 PM
09 Jul 18:36

The First Half of Database Science for Analysts

by (Fabian Pascal)
 My July blog @All Analytics:

Database Fundamentals: The First Half of Database Science for Analysts

One would expect “data scientists” to be keen on the dual scientific foundation of database management -- the relational data model (RDM) -- but they know little beyond “related tables” and, in fact, complain that more often than not data “do not fit” into them. Much of that is the result of poor education and an almost exclusive focus on software tool training. Even the analyst intent on acquiring foundation knowledge is more likely to be misled than enlightened by published information.

Please comment there, not here!

05 Jul 18:48

The SQL and NoSQL Effects: Will They Ever Learn? UPDATED

by (Fabian Pascal)
UPDATE: I refer readers to Apache Cassandra … What Happened Next. Note that this was an optimal use case for NoSQL. Read it focused on the simplicity of the data model and particularly physical data independence relative to RDM. 

In Oracle and the NoSQL Effect, Robin Schumacher (RS), a former "data god" DBA and MySQL executive now working for a NoSQL vendor claims that Oracle’s recent fiscal Q4 miss--a fraction of what's to come--is due to its failure to recognize that
"... web apps ushered in a new model for development and distributed systems that ... [r]elational databases are fundamentally ill suited to handle ... Their master-slave architectures, methods for writing and reading data, and data distribution mechanisms simply cannot meet the key requirements of modern web, mobile and IoT applications. I tell you that not as an employee of a NoSQL company, but as a guy who has worked with RDBMS’s for over twenty-five years. In short, you simply can’t get there from here where relational technology is concerned, and that’s why NoSQL must be used for the applications we’re talking about.

Read more »
03 Jul 11:33

by Eduardo Maçan

É uma piada. A "Convenção da Apostila" foi assinada em Haia em 1961, entrou em vigor em 1965 e só 50 anos depois o Brasil resolve olhar para a matéria. Essa convenção simplifica MUITO a burocracia para quem precisa validar documentos em outro país ou de outro país. Hoje, por não fazer parte da convenção da apostila o brasileiro precisa de "carimbos" de dois países para legalizar um diploma, ou certidão estrangeira.

A participação na convenção irá simplificar a burocracia para brasileiros que queiram abrir empresas no exterior ou estrangeiros que queiram abrir empresas no Brasil também.

A graça da coisa toda está na seguinte informação do site do relator da matéria: o Brasil foi signatário do acordo em 1961, mas ele não entrou em vigor porque o congresso nunca o tinha referendado. Ou seja: Um tratado internacional de REDUÇÃO DE BUROCRACIA levou 53 ANOS para ser analisado pela nossa burocracia.

E digo que só foi (e em apenas uma semaninha) porque a coisa começou a apertar muito pro nosso lado graças à "crise internacional pela qual o Brasil está passando".

Aqui a notícia na página do Senador Anastasia, (é diferente da que está compartilhada no post)

Ah, essa mania de só agir quando a água bate no "derrière"...

Legalização simplificada de documentos públicos estrangeiros vai à promulgação

O Senado aprovou nesta quinta-feira (2) o Projeto de Decreto Legislativo 208/2015, que trata da convenção sobre a eliminação da exigência de legalização dos documentos públicos estrangeiros, celebrada em Haia em outubro de 1961. A matéria, que foi aprovada pela manhã na Comissão de Relações Exterior…

01 Jul 19:37

Comemorar por quê?

by Norma
Eu não sou exatamente a favor da redução da maioridade penal em casos de estupro, latrocínio e homicídio qualificado, como propôs a PEC 171/93 que foi rejeitada hoje, mas sim da retribuição adequada do Estado aos crimes graves cometidos por menores de qualquer idade. Mesmo assim, fiquei triste com a decisão final - e sobretudo fiquei sem entender o porquê da comemoração toda. Como a situação está agora, parece que tudo pende em favor do menor infrator (considerado vítima do sistema) e contra as vítimas (e seus parentes que clamam por justiça). Mas não é bem assim. A ausência de retribuição adequada faz com que os menores sejam presas fáceis dos criminosos adultos, que os usam sem escrúpulo nenhum para fazer o trabalho sujo. Os menores também acabam se tornando vítimas - não do "sistema", mas do mundo do crime. Por que esse fato não é levado em conta? Será que é porque os políticos mais famosos anti-redução estão muito ocupados em chamar gente como eu de "fascista", "racista" e "homofóbica" (??? - um ponto de interrogação para cada xingamento).

A matéria diz que a discussão continua. Vamos aguardar.
30 Jun 17:22

The Olympus AIR MFT camera gets announced in USA! Preorders for $299 at Amazon/BHphoto.

by 43rumors


Bildschirmfoto 2015-06-30 um 19.20.08

Olympus US just announced that it will ship the AIR MFT camera in USA too. First preorders are available at Amazon (Click here), Adorama (Click here), GetOlympus (Click here) and BHphoto for $299 (Click here).

Here is the full press text:

Bildschirmfoto 2015-06-30 um 20.52.31

Olympus has announced the US release of the Air A01, a smartphone-controlled camera with a 16.05MP Micro Four Thirds sensor. The Air A01 is shaped like a lens and connects directly to your smartphone so that your phone’s screen effectively becomes the camera’s live view display. While the Air A01 looks like a lens, it is really a camera that is designed to combine the quality of a larger image sensor and versatility of an interchangeable-lens system with the ease and convenience of a smartphone.

Once attached to your smartphone, the Air A01 connects to it wirelessly via Bluetooth or Wi-Fi and uses the OA Central App to control the camera’s settings. The app provides a means of image composition and review, direct-to-cloud uploads, and six shooting functions to help edit your photos and full HD 1080p videos. The app also facilitates working with the camera in a remote manner to better suit working from high or low angles, uncoupled to your smartphone.

The 16.05MP Digital Live MOS Sensor pairs with Olympus’s TruePic VII image processing engine for enhanced image quality, especially in low-light situations, with a sensitivity range of up to ISO 12800. This processor and sensor combination also affords a top shooting rate of 10 fps for up to 23 frames, full HD 1080p/30 video recording, a top shutter speed of 1/16000-second, and the ability to record both raw and JPG files.

The Air A01 uses a FAST 81-area contrast-detection AF system, which quickly locks on focus and can be configured with Face Detection AF or Eye Detection AF settings for more critical control. Images and movies can be stored internally on a microSD memory card, directly on your smart phone, or uploaded to cloud-based storage sites using the built-in Wi-Fi and your smartphone.

Utilizing a Micro Four Thirds mount, the camera accepts a wide variety of lenses, including the use of third-party lenses via optional lens mount adapters. It is available in a body-only option in black or white, or in a kit with ablack 14-42mm EZ Lens or a white 14-42mm EZ Lens.


26 Jun 18:25

Josh Berkus: Elephants in Containers


In the wake of DockerCon, the July meetup in San Francisco will be all about Linux Containers:

  • Chris Winslett of will present Governor, an auto-failover system for managing a cluster of PostgreSQL replicas.
  • Madhuri Yechuri of ClusterHQ will explain Flocker, which uses the brand-new plugin interface for Docker in order to support volume management and data migration for containers.

If you're not familiar with all of this containerish stuff, Josh Berkus will do a 5-minute primer on using Postgres with Docker at the beginning of the session. Hosted by in their new Rincon Cafe.

(note: Salesforce will require attendees to RSVP with their full names, and sign a confidentiality statement, which will be supplied to attendees in advance)

26 Jun 16:19

Suprema Corte dos EUA legaliza casamento gay

by Norma
- O mundo segue firme rumo ao fim do casamento.

- Ué, por que, Norma?

- Porque havia motivos para o Estado regular e proteger o casamento tradicional: a maior fragilidade da mulher e dos filhos. Não porque o Estado é "bonzinho", mas porque estava especialmente interessado na estabilidade do núcleo familiar como o ambiente ideal para a formação de seus futuros cidadãos. Agora que as diferenças entre os sexos estão ruindo, mulheres e crianças vão deixar de ser especialmente protegidas em uma futura mudança da legislação. Duvida? Então aguarde.

- Mas o que isso tem a ver com o casamento gay?

- Quando o Estado passa a proteger uma união em que ninguém é especialmente frágil, todo mundo fica frágil, certo? Sem os fundamentos corretos para as leis, novos fundamentos são gestados. O Estado poderá passar a proteger outras relações com base em... nada de muito sólido. Com base no simples desejo "eu quero ser casado e reconhecido como tal". Sem o dever da criação de filhos, ou seja, sem a contrapartida ética. Uma sociedade que baseia o núcleo familiar em um sentimento, não na ética, não poderá durar muito. E um Estado que se interessa por regular todo tipo de relação não está pensando no bem comum, mas em seu próprio engrandecimento: quanto mais regulações, maior ele fica. Essa é uma decisão ruim que os gays que tiverem alguma consciência política ainda vão lamentar muito.

Quer ler mais sobre o assunto? Indico o livro (em inglês) What is marriage? Man and Woman: A Defense, de três autores que argumentam em uma linha próxima à desta postagem. Disponível em Kindle.
24 Jun 00:00

Introducing HypoPG, hypothetical indexes for PostgreSQL

Paris, June 24 2015

DALIBO is proud to present the first release of HypoPG, an extension that adds hypothetical indexes in PostgreSQL.

A hypothetical index is an index that doesn't exists on disk. It's therefore almost instant to create and doesn't add any IO cost, whether at creation time or at maintenance time. The goal is obviously to check if an index is useful before spending too much time, I/O and disk space to create it.

With this extension, you can create hypothetical indexes, and then with EXPLAIN check if PostgreSQL would use them or not.

What if I had an Index on this ?

Did you ever wonder how an index would increase the performances of your server, but you couldn't afford the time to create it on disk just for the sake of trying ?

Here's how HypoPG can help:

First let's create a simple use case:

# CREATE TABLE testable 
#   AS SELECT id, 'line ' || id val 
#   FROM generate_series(1,1000000) id;
# ANALYZE testable ;

Now let's install HypoPG and create an hypothetical index on this new table

# SELECT hypopg_create_index('CREATE INDEX ON testable (id)');

You can now use EXPLAIN (without ANALYZE) to check if PostgreSQL would use that index !

# EXPLAIN SELECT * FROM testable WHERE id = 1000 ;
                                          QUERY PLAN
 Index Scan using 41079_btree_testable_id on testable  (cost=0.05..8.07 rows=1 width=15)
   Index Cond: (id = 1000)
(2 rows)

Yay ! If there were an index on the 'id' column, PostgreSQL would take advantage of it !


About DALIBO :

DALIBO is the leading PostgreSQL company in France, providing support, trainings and consulting to its customers since 2005. The company contributes to the PostgreSQL community in various ways, including : code, articles, translations, free conferences and workshops

Check out DALIBO's open source projects at

27 May 14:18

Humberto de Campos ama a própria voz, não a literatura

by Rodrigo Gurgel

Humberto de Campos é desses raros polígrafos da literatura brasileira — semelhante a Coelho Neto no volume de escritos e no esquecimento a que foi condenado. Ambos, aliás, maranhenses.

Contista, cronista, biógrafo, poeta, crítico e memorialista, sua obra não recebeu leitura e julgamento abrangentes, muito menos definitivos. O que também não acontece nesta análise, restrita a um único livro — a coletânea “O Monstro e outros contos”, publicada em 1932.

O escritor falecido prematuramente, aos 48 anos, que venceu a pobreza, a ignorância e o isolamento cultural, impondo-se no jornalismo graças à própria inteligência — sem depender da caridade do governo, que hoje se tornou imprescindível para os moralmente fracos —, merece, também por sua vasta bibliografia, ser arrancado do limbo a que nossas elites esquerdistas condenam os que não seguem sua cartilha.

Da sobriedade à retórica

O conto que abre o volume — “O Monstro” — pretende flagrar a natureza no momento seguinte ao da Criação. Narrativa genésica, sua linguagem é característica da fantasia dos mitos. Neste caso, um mito pessimista, que coloca Dor e Morte como criadoras do homem. O tom sóbrio, que infelizmente desaparecerá nos outros contos, alia-se, em certos trechos, a uma composição correta:

Em passo triste, a Dor e a Morte caminham, olhando, sem interesse, as maravilhas da Criação. Raramente marcham lado a lado. A Dor vai sempre à frente, ora mais vagarosa, ora mais apressada; a outra, sempre no mesmo ritmo, não se adianta, nem se atrasa.

A compassada harmonia que marca as inseparáveis irmãs será destruída no final hermético, em que o homem, no centro de uma disputa ciumenta, acaba por ser apenas um monte de lama carregado nos ombros da Morte.

No relato seguinte, “A Promessa”, a sobriedade que marca “O Monstro” começa a desaparecer. Mas a história da mãe, Maria Inácia, desesperada pela idéia de que o único filho, João Vicente, pode morrer na Revolução Federalista, ainda apresenta o narrador atento ao detalhe que, inserido no trecho correto, amplia a verossimilhança:

Doze dias depois, estavam as forças de que era um dos componentes acampadas nas vizinhanças de uma pequena cidade do interior, na zona de guerra, quando o João Vicente recebeu, com a sua companhia, munição de combate. Em torno do corpo, nos bolsos do cinturão forte, os cartuchos punham um peso novo, que, no entanto, pouco o afligia.

O narrador também se mostra apto a desenvolver a psicologia do personagem. Após os primeiros combates, em que João Vicente se comporta de forma destemida, o jovem amadurece:

[…] Não era, porém, mais, aquele rapagão claro das serenatas do Araçá. A barba forte, que raspava toda antigamente, tomava-lhe agora o rosto, envelhecendo-o, dando-lhe os ares daqueles cangaceiros do Nordeste, que via passar, às vezes, a cavalo, pela vila, com a faca de um lado, a garrucha de outro, e o clavinote na lua da sela. A vida militar absorvera o boêmio. Era, agora, um soldado.

Da mesma forma, a mãe solitária, que se entrega a orações contínuas, passa da fé simples ao misticismo febril, no qual a divindade é tratada como impassível comerciante:

[…] As promessas multiplicaram-se. Até que, uma noite, em um momento de maior aflição, ofereceu, com toda a sua alma devota:

— Minha Senhora das Dores! Trazei meu filho são, e salvo, ainda uma vez, à minha vista, que eu vos dou a minha vida!

E com todo o fervor da contrição, num acesso de choro:

— A minha vida pela dele, Minha Mãe Santíssima!… A minha vida pela dele!… Mas que eu ainda veja meu filho!…

Humberto de Campos ama a própria voz

A retórica degrada o livro de forma incontrolável.

A retórica, contudo, já se intromete, desequilibrando o texto:

Calada por essa maneira a arma que mais os hostilizava, os assaltantes, desprezando a fuzilaria, puseram-se de pé e investiram contra a trincheira, rangendo os dentes. E, em breve, após um curto combate à arma branca, em que os homens da mesma pátria se retalhavam, se dilaceravam, se estraçalhavam com fúria sanguinária, tomavam os legalistas posse do reduto, onde o sangue coagulado se misturava, repugnante, entre zumbidos de moscas, com dejeções humanas e com a lama da chuva da véspera.

O exagero produz efeito contrário ao planejado. E o que poderia ser uma cena realista, emocionante, transforma-se no quadro, tão comum na literatura brasileira, no qual a eloqüência se sobrepõe à mensagem.

O problema se agrava nesta descrição:

[…] avolumado pelos riachos da montanha, o rio Araçá rolava agora transformado em torrente, arrastando galhos de árvores e moitas de aninga no turbilhão das suas águas escachoantes. Comprimido pelas ribanceiras, que ia lambendo numa volúpia furiosa de sátiro, fazia vertigem vê-lo. De quando em quando, um ruído cavo alarmava os moradores ribeirinhos. Era a queda de um barranco, de uma barreira da margem, que logo se dissolvia em rodopios, na retorta diabólica daquelas águas.

Perceba-se que, graças à verborragia, o texto torna-se pleonástico: “turbilhão das suas águas escachoantes”, “volúpia furiosa de sátiro” e “retorta diabólica daquelas águas” pretendem criar novas imagens para a ideia de movimento incontrolável — e, exatamente por nada acrescentarem, poderiam ser suprimidas sem perda da expressividade.

Quanto mais avançamos, mais esses adornos pomposos predominam — e mais o autor se distancia da fórmula cuja beleza nasce da substancialidade das palavras, presente, por exemplo, neste período: “Em uma árvore próxima, chiavam cigarras, limando o silêncio” (no relato “O Caldo”). Graças ao sentido metafórico, o verbo “limar” amplia a realidade, surpreende, domina a imaginação do leitor, impondo-se com mais força do que uma sucessão de adjetivos inúteis.

Grandiloqüência e repetições

A retórica, no entanto, degrada o livro de forma incontrolável. Muitas vezes, unindo-se a melosos lugares-comuns:

[…] Rosinha, cuja beleza se acentuava à medida que se tornava mulher e o amor lhe penetrava, como uma aurora, aos abismos floridos da alma.

Repete-se, a cada conto, a insistência de criar imagens originais — mas a maioria concede ao texto aspecto ridículo. Em “Catimbau”, o narrador não hesita em dizer, sobre a personagem que se ruboriza: “As orelhas pequenas tornaram-se-lhe de lacre, como duas cristas de galo garnizé” — comparação esdrúxula, que não condiz com a personagem e nada lhe acrescenta.

O discurso empolado surge também para teatralizar determinadas cenas. À escolta que, malvestida e descalça, persegue bandoleiros no sertão, o narrador acrescenta, em “A luz dos mortos”, sem qualquer justificativa, sua literatice untuosa:

[…] Das matas quietas subia, e espalhava-se, um cheiro forte de folhas machucadas, como se a natureza virgem se martirizasse em um grande sonho voluptuoso. As sarças rasteiras, abrindo cálices roxos em que a Noite se embebedara de orvalho, acordavam, úmidas, emergindo do labirinto das próprias ramas, polvilhadas de terra e de sereno.

E logo a seguir, ansioso para provocar náuseas no leitor:

[…] Aqui e ali, na mata ressuscitada, uma árvore morta sonhava com os encantos da vida, oferecendo ao sol, em cima, no espectro do último galho, o óbulo de uma flor humilde, cujo cipó se lhe agarrara ao tronco para ir dar, no alto, ao astro namorado, a cheirosa esmola daquele beijo. […]

A grandiloqüência, entretanto, torna-se um problema menor quando nos deparamos com a pobreza vocabular.

Em “O Alce”, o narrador volta a tempos primevos e nos coloca diante da “boca monstruosa” de uma caverna:

[…] Aberta na rocha bruta pela força inconsciente das grandes águas primitivas, a enorme furna constituíra o refúgio seguro dos tímidos veados perseguidos, que ali iam repousar, assustados, contra a voracidade dos leões do deserto. [Aqui — e no parágrafo seguinte — os grifos são meus.]

Humberto de Campos ama a própria voz

A grandiloqüência, entretanto, torna-se um problema menor quando nos deparamos com a pobreza vocabular.

Em meio à fúria dos adjetivos, perceba-se que tudo é, de alguma forma, desmedido. Mas, insatisfeito, o narrador fala, nesse conto de seis páginas, da caverna cuja “goela” é “enorme”, de “grandes pedras amontoadas”, de “grandes herbívoros adormecidos”, da “enorme floresta repousada”, das “grandes várzeas pontilhadas do sangue dos cardos floridos”. O troglodita tem “mãos de grandes unhas”; a mulher apresenta um “tumultuoso caudal de cabelos desordenados”, capazes de se contrapor ao verde da folhagem como “uma grande mancha”. Há “grandes formigas” e uma “grande faia de raízes à flor do solo”. Um “grande alce” luta com outro e formam, ao vergar seus dorsos, “dois arcos enormes”, o que, claro, é a “grande luta dos cervos”.

A sanha do exagero prossegue por todo o livro. Em “O Seringueiro”,

[…] A noite caía lenta, envolvendo tudo, como um sudário imenso, lançado sobre a terra pela piedade divina. O céu, estrelado e baixo, parecia a cúpula enorme da tenda suntuosa de um poderoso rei oriental.

A lama racha sob o sol, em “Retirantes”, parte-se na forma de “escamas escuras” que lembram “a carapaça de uma tartaruga monstruosa”.

E ao exagero soma-se o grotesco, como nesta cena, em que a velha empobrecida pela seca escava um túmulo para roubar as vestimentas do defunto:

[…] Ao balanço do seu corpo esguio, impelindo a enxada, os seios flácidos e compridos fustigavam-lhe as costelas e o ventre magro, oscilando, doidos, à semelhança de dois badalos sem eco de uma velha torre desmoronada.

Talvez uma das comparações mais infelizes e desproporcionais da literatura brasileira.

Ritmo ternário

O autor coleciona lugares-comuns ao dizer “o sol da mocidade em franco declínio”, “entregando-lhe o seu corpo e o seu destino sem, contudo, entregar-lhe a sua alma” e “não há estrada escura e coberta de espinhos que o Amor não ilumine e recubra de flores”.

Mas tudo pode ficar pior. Humberto de Campos também aprecia o tipo de acumulação esquemática que descobrimos nas crônicas de Olavo Bilac (ver meu ensaio “Perfumaria bilaquiana”, em Esquecidos & Superestimados). O trio de palavras ou expressões encadeadas repete-se incansavelmente. Num único relato, “Herodes”, a fila é extensa:

Um espanto, um susto alegre, uma inquietação feliz parecia apossar-se das cousas […]

Nos seus olhos escuros, que a febre incendiava intermitentemente, boiavam a revelação de uma vida civilizada, a reminiscência de sociedades polidas, a lembrança inequívoca de um ambiente invulgar.

Pusemos-lhe à disposição os nossos cobertores, o nosso quinino, as nossas bolachas. […]

Que as mulheres lindas não fossem minhas; mas, também, que não fossem de outros braços, de outros lábios, de outra luxúria.

Essa preocupação turvava até as minhas conquistas felizes, o meu prazer, as minhas horas de ventura.

Os maridos, os amantes, os noivos de agora seriam vingados. Dentro de alguns anos viriam outros homens, mais jovens, mais vigorosos, mais arrogantes, que tomariam, por sua vez, minha noiva, minha mulher, minhas amantes.

[…] a que se misturavam ainda as mil vozes, os mil gritos, os mil anseios da noite que declinava.

As mulheres eram perdoadas, abençoadas, amparadas.

Era o escândalo, que se anunciava. Era a condenação, que vinha. Era a prisão infalível.

À previsibilidade do ritmo frasal soma-se a previsibilidade dos finais: o último parágrafo revela sempre, necessariamente, a tentativa de escandalizar por meio de detalhes que ressaltem a ruína física ou moral, ainda que ela já tenha sido demonstrada.

Nem o melhor se salva

É o que ocorre no melhor conto do volume, “Os olhos que comiam carne”, em que o intelectual acometido de cegueira busca o auxílio de um cirurgião famoso e acaba condenado a ver apenas a ossatura das pessoas. As conseqüências da operação e o desespero do paciente estão claros parágrafos antes do final, mas Humberto de Campos precisa selar a narrativa com sua prosa extravagante:

E, metendo as unhas no rosto, afunda-as nas órbitas, e arranca, num movimento de desespero, os dois glóbulos ensangüentados  e tomba escabujando no solo, esmagando nas mãos aqueles olhos que comiam carne, e que, devorando macabramente a carne aos vivos, transformavam a vida humana, em torno, em um sinistro baile de esqueletos…

Esse e outros são finais de falso impacto, em que a linguagem enfeitada e pedante contribui para tornar inconvincentes histórias de trama esquemática, quando não artificial, pois o autor aplica a mesma fórmula de composição a todos os contos.

Se é possível, diante dessas inutilidades, um julgamento sintético, podemos dizer que, como outros escritores excessivamente narcisistas, Humberto de Campos ama a própria voz, não a literatura.

The post Humberto de Campos ama a própria voz, não a literatura appeared first on Rodrigo Gurgel.

15 May 01:25

Essa é dedicada aos colegas da engenharia de computação unicamp, turma de 92 :)

by Eduardo Maçan

Essa é dedicada  aos colegas da engenharia de computação unicamp, turma de 92 :)

Essa é dedicada aos colegas da engenharia de computação unicamp, turma de 92 :)

08 May 09:42

(FT3) Some more tidbits about the “geomembrane” Olympus sensor.

by 43rumors



Source “Simon” added some info to his previous “geomembrane” rumor (43rumors post here):

I asked again to explain me what ment “Geomembrane”. He said, that this is a shortcut for “Gyro Electodes Organic Membran”. That means for non engineers like me, that you can upgrade the “view angle”for the sensor from (EM-1)today 36 ° to the new sensor 58°. This leads to an increasing absorption capability. BUT again, this for the future System expecting announced in September 2016 !!

As fare as i understood it right, that means the Sensor will make 10 photos to one high resolution picture. With the em-5 mkII You Need a tripod, with the new em-1 you Can Do it freehand.

For sources: Sources can send me anonymous info at (create a fake gmail account) or via contact form you see on the right sidebar. Thanks!

To get notified on all upcoming news and rumors be sure to subscribe on 43rumors here:
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Rumors classification explained (FT= FourThirds):
FT1=1-20% chance the rumor is correct
FT2=21-40% chance the rumor is correct
FT3=41-60% chance the rumor is correct
FT4=61-80% chance the rumor is correct
FT5=81-99% chance the rumor is correct


03 May 23:37

by Eduardo Maçan

A organização "Transparência Internacional" divulgou a atualização do seu ranking de percepção da corrupção. Aqui uma apresentação no formato de mapa interativo.

Entre nossos vizinhos, perdemos de goleada para Uruguai e Chile, mas somos menos corruptos que os outros (A Guiana entrou no índice da França). O país mais corrupto da América do Sul é a Venezuela (que surpresa!) bem próxima da Coréia do Norte, lá na lanterna.

Quanto mais vermelho-escuro no mapa, mais corrupto.

The most corrupt countries in the world, ranked in order

---The most corrupt countries in the world, ranked in orderPosted 5 months ago by Evan Bartlett in newsUpvoteUpvoted Click on the map to scroll Transparency International has released its annual Corruption Perceptions Index, which ranks 175 countries on their levels of public sector corruption. A st…

30 Apr 17:22

Debian GNU/Hurd 2015 released

by ris
Debian GNU/Hurd 2015 has been released. "This is a snapshot of Debian "sid" at the time of the stable Debian "jessie" release (April 2015), so it is mostly based on the same sources. It is not an official Debian release, but it is an official Debian GNU/Hurd port release."
27 Apr 13:08

"O melhor modelo de processos é, com frequência, prontamente derrotado pelo mau comportamento humano" Communications of the ACM, vol 58, pg 63.

by Eduardo Maçan

"O melhor modelo de processos é, com frequência,  prontamente derrotado pelo mau comportamento humano" Communications of the ACM, vol 58, pg 63.

"O melhor modelo de processos é, com frequência, prontamente derrotado pelo mau comportamento humano" Communications of the ACM, vol 58, pg 63.

22 Apr 21:05

Armenia’s Genocide and Obama’s Shame

by David P. Goldman

Despite a 2008 campaign promise “to recognize the Armenian genocide,” President Obama refuses to follow Pope Francis’ example and call the murder of 1.5 million Armenian civilians by its right name. Of all the despicable things this administration has done, this one stands out for vile hypocrisy. CNN reports:

President Barack Obama, wary of damaging relations with Turkey amid growing unrest in the Middle East, won’t use the 100th anniversary of the massacre of Armenians under the Ottoman Empire to declare the brutal episode a genocide.

Despite Obama’s campaign promise in 2008 to “recognize the Armenian Genocide” as president, the White House on Tuesday issued a carefully worded statement on a high-level administration meeting with Armenian groups that avoided using the term “genocide.”

An administration official said Obama, who will mark the centennial this Friday, would similarly avoid using the word. The term angers Ankara, which denies that Ottoman Turks carried out a genocide.

“President Obama’s surrender to Turkey represents a national disgrace. It is, very simply, a betrayal of truth, a betrayal of trust,” said Ken Hachikian, the chairman of the Armenian National Committee of America.

Despite the threat of retaliation against Turkey’s small and defenseless Christian community–the remnant of what once was a fifth of the Turkish population–the Vatican has had the courage to use the word genocide, and first did so in 2000. Not Obama, whose concern for Muslim sensibilities outweighs every other consideration.

If you don’t think telling the truth matters, think again: The world’s disgusting indifference to the Armenian genocide is what convinced Adolf Hitler that he could get away with genocide, too. This is what Hitler said about the matter in 1939:

My decision to attack Poland was arrived at last spring. Originally, I feared that the political constellation would compel me to strike simultaneously at England, Russia, France, and Poland. Even this risk would have had to be taken….Our strength consists in our speed and in our brutality. Genghis Khan led millions of women and children to slaughter — with premeditation and a happy heart. History sees in him solely the founder of a state. It’s a matter of indifference to me what a weak western European civilization will say about me.

I have issued the command — and I’ll have anybody who utters but one word of criticism executed by a firing squad — that our war aim does not consist in reaching certain lines, but in the physical destruction of the enemy. Accordingly, I have placed my death-head formations in readiness — for the present only in the East — with orders to them to send to death mercilessly and without compassion, men, women, and children of Polish derivation and language. Only thus shall we gain the living space (Lebensraum)which we need. Who, after all, speaks today of the annihilation of the Armenians?

43 countries–including Russia, Italyk, France, Sweden Poland and the Netherlands–recognize the Armenian genocide. Not the United States of America. It is a shame and disgrace.

17 Apr 13:48

by Eduardo Maçan

Vixe, mais um fundo de pensão dilapidado? Que inocência da minha parte achar que fosse só o fundo de pensão dos correios. É fácil recompô-lo! Como no caso dos correios basta descontar uma parte do salário de todos os contribuintes do fundo durante alguns anos.

Se você não leu "A Revolução dos Bichos", aqui vai um spoiler: É por essas e outras que o cavalo morre.

Gilberto Dimenstein

Preparem-se para esse escândalo: descobriram que o fundo de pensão da Petrobras ( Petros), dirigido por sindicalistas ligados à CUT ( ou seja PT), produziu um rombo de mais de R$ 6 bilhões. Isso mesmo, R$ 6 bilhões. Suspeita-se de um misto de roubalheira com má gestão, além de uso político dos recursos.
Só espero que não venham cobrar essa fatura da sociedade. Processem os irresponsáveis. Ou cubram a despesa com os funcionários.
Quando eu alertava que o aparelhamento da máquina pública sairia caro, confesso que não imaginava que seria tão caro.

13 Apr 16:18

Blackmagic announces two amazing Micro Cinema Cameras with MFT mount!

by 43rumors


Bildschirmfoto 2015-04-13 um 18.18.32

We have two new Micro Four Thirds cameras from Blackmagic. All the info can be read here:
Blackmagic Micro Cinema Camera info (Click here).
Blackmagic Micro Studio Camera 4K info (Click here).

You can preorder the camera at BHphoto (Click here) and Adorama (Click here).

From the press text:

Introducing the Blackmagic Micro Cinema Camera, a miniaturized Super 16mm, professional digital film camera that is designed to be operated remotely and capture action anywhere! A revolutionary built in expansion port has PWM and S.Bus inputs so you can use a model airplane remote control to operate the camera wirelessly. Imagine adjusting focus, iris and zoom wirelessly! The Micro Cinema Camera is a true digital film camera that features built in RAW and ProRes recording, 13 stops of dynamic range, a global shutter and an MFT lens mount. You get a true digital film camera that can go where no other digital film camera can!

Bildschirmfoto 2015-04-13 um 18.21.35

The Super 16 sensor is full 1080 HD resolution and has an incredible 13 stops of dynamic range and global shutter up to 30 frames per second. Most DSLR and action cameras use a rolling shutter that exposes different parts of the image in fractions of a second, causing video to appear skewed or wobbly when the camera moves or vibrates. The Blackmagic Micro Cinema Camera’s global shutter acts more like a still camera, exposing the entire image at the same time so you get distortion and ripple free video! With an ISO up to 1600, the Blackmagic Micro Cinema Camera also gives you great quality, even in locations with low lighting.



12 Apr 01:59

Why Don’t Americans Trust Republicans on Foreign Policy?

by David P. Goldman

Riddle me this, fellow Republicans. An NBC survey April 9 reports that a huge majority (70%) of Americans doubt that Iran will abide by any agreement to limit its nuclear arms–but a majority (54%) still thinks Obama will do a better job than the Republicans in dealing with Iran!

A majority of Americans – 54 percent – trust Barack Obama to do a better job handling an agreement with Iran over its nuclear program, compared to 42 percent who say they trust the Republicans in Congress. But nearly 7 in 10 Americans say that Iran is not likely to abide by the agreement that has been reached.

Fifty-three percent think Iranian nukes are a “major threat,” and only 37% think they are a “minor threat.” Most Americans, in short, think Iran is a major threat to American security and think that Obama’s nuclear deal is a joke–but they still want Obama in charge of the negotiations, not us.

Maybe NBC made the numbers up. Maybe a proofreader got the numbers reversed. And maybe pigs will sprout wings.

There is a much simpler explanation: Most Americans don’t trust Republicans on matters of war and peace. Not after the nation-building disasters in Iraq and Afghanistan, that is. Why should they trust us? Our leadership has never admitted it made a mistake. Sen. Ted Cruz, to be sure, had the gumption last fall to say that “we got too involved in nation-building” and that “we should not be trying to turn Iraq into Switzerland”–and was excoriated for his trouble by the Bushies. The Republican mainstream is too busy trying to defend the Bush record to address the distrust of American voters.

One gets weary and grows shrill sounding the same note for a decade. I wish the problem would go away.  A couple of weeks ago a friend who served in senior defense positions in the Bush administration remonstrated, “Why do we have to worry about what mistakes were made back then?” The American public doesn’t remember a lot, but it does remember the disruption of millions of lives after the deployment of 2.6 million Americans in Iraq and Afghanistan–not to mention 6,000 dead, 52,000 wounded in action, and hundreds of thousands of other injuries.

11 Apr 18:18

David McGoveran Interview

by (Fabian Pascal)
DBDebunk readers should know of David McGoveran (see his bibliography under FUNDAMENTALS), whose work on relational theory and practice has appeared or been discussed on the old site and here over the years. On more than one occasion I mentioned the Principle of Orthogonal Design (POOD) identified by David, who had published several years ago work he did on the subject with Chris Date. The POOD has relevance to updating relations and particularly views and led to Date's VIEW UPDATING AND RELATIONAL THEORY book .

I recently mentioned that David's and Date's understandings on POOD have diverged since their joint effort--currently Date and Darwen reject the POOD as formulated then and David has problems with Date's understanding of it and with their THE THIRD MANIFESTO (TTM) book.

David is working on a book tentatively titled LOGIC FOR SERIOUS DATABASE FOLKS where he will detail his views on RDM in general and POOD and view updating in particular, but in the meantime I asked him to publish an early draft of a chapter on the latter subject, which he did-- Can All Relations Be Updated?--and which he has just revised.

He has asked me to post a clarification on the nature of the differences with Date and Darwen (see next) and I used the opportunity to interview him about his impressive career, which covers much more than database management. David provided written answers to questions.

Read more »
07 Apr 23:00

Open Standards around the world

Document Freedom Day is the day when we talk about Open Standards around the world. In 2015, all together, we turned this day once more into a global event with 63 local event organisers in 31 countries on 4 continents. Volunteers around the world, accompanied by international organisations as well as politicians and public services joined our demand for document freedom. Read our report to see what happened during Document Freedom Day 2015.

Support FSFE, join the Fellowship
Make a one time donation

07 Apr 18:14

A força da narrativa

by Norma

Ando escrevendo muito, mas para mim mesma e/ou para minha dissertação de mestrado, que defendo até o fim do ano, se Deus quiser. Por isso este blog anda parado ("anda parado" é ótimo). Mas tenho publicado coisinhas no Facebook, onde tudo brilha por segundos até desaparecer para sempre - quando não quero que certas coisas desapareçam, publico-as no blog, e é assim que será, até segunda ordem.

Por isso vim aqui hoje: vale a pena dobrar e guardar essa entrevista de Umberto Eco, publicada na revista Época em 2011, quando ele completou 80 anos. Críticas à internet, política internacional, conspirações, hobbies preferidos e a força da narrativa, que segundo ele "é mais efetiva do que qualquer tecnologia". Se quiser conversar sobre o conteúdo, vá aos comentários! Vamos deixar de lado um pouquinho aquele buraco negro que é o Facebook.