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19 Dec 13:30

A Carbonyl Compound-Based Flexible Cathode with Superior Rate Performance and Cyclic Stability for Flexible Lithium-Ion Batteries

by Kamran Amin, Qinghai Meng, Aziz Ahmad, Meng Cheng, Miao Zhang, Lijuan Mao, Kun Lu, Zhixiang Wei

Abstract

A sulfur-linked carbonyl-based poly(2,5-dihydroxyl-1,4-benzoquinonyl sulfide) (PDHBQS) compound is synthesized and used as cathode material for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Flexible binder-free composite cathode with single-wall carbon nanotubes (PDHBQS–SWCNTs) is then fabricated through vacuum filtration method with SWCNTs. Electrochemical measurements show that PDHBQS–SWCNTs cathode can deliver a discharge capacity of 182 mA h g−1 (0.9 mA h cm−2) at a current rate of 50 mA g−1 and a potential window of 1.5 V–3.5 V. The cathode delivers a capacity of 75 mA h g−1 (0.47 mA h cm−2) at 5000 mA g−1, which confirms its good rate performance at high current density. PDHBQS–SWCNTs flexible cathode retains 89% of its initial capacity at 250 mA g−1 after 500 charge–discharge cycles. Furthermore, large-area (28 cm2) flexible batteries based on PDHBQS–SWCNTs cathode and lithium foils anode are also assembled. The flexible battery shows good electrochemical activities with continuous bending, which retains 88% of its initial discharge capacity after 2000 bending cycles. The significant capacity, high rate performance, superior cyclic performance, and good flexibility make this material a promising candidate for a future application of flexible LIBs.

Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

A carbonyl compound (oligomeric poly(2, 5-dihydroxyl-1,4-benzoquinonyl sulfide)-based flexible cathode with superior rate performance and cyclic stability is reported. The carbonyl compound is served as active material, and single-wall carbon nanotube, can act as a current collector and binder. Since all the materials used are inherently flexible, this flexible electrode is ready for a potential application in flexible lithium-ion batteries.