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19 Nov 18:41

Reclaiming Disk Space on Windows 10 by Removing Modern Applications

by Daniel Petri
Windows 10

I recently wrote about a tip for cleaning up of the space used by the Windows 10 upgrade program. Although this helps clear up space to some degree, a lot of disk space is still used by the operating system itself, and much of that space is taken by the built-in modern apps that are bundled with the operating system.

Warning: The procedure outlined below will save you a few hundreds of megabytes on the system’s disk. At the same time, it may cause your system to lack some of the built-in functionality. Please carefully test this procedure before applying it to a production machine. In addition, I cannot over stress this: Make sure you have a working backup of your system.

Having said that, let’s see what we can do to save you some disk space by removing the built-in modern apps from your system.

First, let’s see where the apps are installed. Most of them are located in a hidden folder called C:\Program Files\WindowsApps. You can see the folder’s content in the following picture.

Note: If you want to view the contents of this folder yourself, you will need to take ownership of the folder. If you don’t know how to do that, perhaps it’s best you don’t mess with your system. In addition, if that is the case, I urge you to consider the following steps and double-verify that you’ve got a working backup of your system.

Removing the built-in modern apps will free up most of the space taken by this folder, but there are two things that you need to know about.

First, uninstalling an app from your user account will not remove the app from the disk. It will remain there in a “Staged” state, which is a mode in which the app itself is not removed so that Windows can re-create the built-in apps for a new user account if such is ever created and if one logs on to the system. Therefore, these apps continue to take disk space on your computer even though they seem to be uninstalled.

That is why if you attempt to manually uninstall all the apps using the “Uninstall” option in the Start menu, the apps will not really be removed.

To truly remove the apps, you must remove them from the system account, and that will prevent them from ever being reinstalled for new users. You should also remove the apps from any user account that has already logged on to the system.

Second, although you can manually uninstall each and every app with an individual command (for some command samples see link), you may find it easier to simply remove all apps at once. However, doing so will uninstall all apps, including apps that you may find handy, such as the Calculator or the Microsoft Store app. If you’re ok with that, proceed. If not, halt now, and check your priorities.

I’ll show you how to reinstall the Store app later in this article.


To remove all built-in modern apps from your computer running Windows 10, follow these steps:

First, review which apps are pre-installed by default with Windows 10.

1. Open PowerShell with administrative privileges. The easiest way to do this is by clicking on Start and begin typing “power”. The first result should show “Windows PowerShell”. Right-click it, and select “Run as Administrator”.

If prompted to continue by User Account Control (UAC), click “Yes”.


2. In the PowerShell window type in the following command:

Get-AppxPackage -AllUsers

Click Enter.

You will see a list of all modern apps that are installed for each user.

Under the “PackageUserInformation”, you see which users have this application installed. If you see a “Staged” status, it means that the app is prepared for installation into each new user account.

3. Type the following command to remove all modern apps from the system account:

Get-AppXProvisionedPackage -online | Remove-AppxProvisionedPackage -online

Click Enter.

4, Type the following command to remove all “Modern” apps from the current account:

Get-AppXPackage | Remove-AppxPackage

Click Enter.

5. Type the following command to remove all modern apps from a specific user account that has already logged on:

Get-AppXPackage -User <username> | Remove-AppxPackage

Click Enter.

6. Type the following command to remove all modern apps for all users:

Get-AppxPackage -AllUsers | Remove-AppxPackage

Click Enter.

You may get errors about various apps that cannot be removed. That’s okay because these are an integral part of Windows and cannot be uninstalled.

All apps are now uninstalled for all users:


Note the size of the apps folder:



7. As noted at the beginning of this article, running these commands will also uninstall and completely remove the built-in Microsoft Store app. To get that back you will need to run the following command in a PowerShell window:


$app = (Get-AppxProvisionedPackage -Online | where {$_.DisplayName -eq "Microsoft.WindowsStore"}).InstallLocation

Click Enter.

Then type:

Add-AppxPackage -Register $app -DisableDevelopmentMode

Click Enter.

The Store app should be restored, and through it you may reinstall any app you want.


The post Reclaiming Disk Space on Windows 10 by Removing Modern Applications appeared first on Petri.

16 Nov 13:05

Anonymous declares ‘war’ on ISIS

by Dave Smith

Anonymous hacker

The international activist group Anonymous has declared “war” on ISIS, the extremist militant group that claimed responsibility for the deadly attacks in Paris over the weekend.

Anonymous posted a video to YouTube on Saturday. In the video, a person wearing a Guy Fawkes mask, who claims to represent Anonymous, said the group intends to hunt down the members of ISIS, adding “we will find you, and we will not let you go.”

“We will launch the biggest operation ever against you,” Anonymous said. “Expect massive cyber attacks.”

As for what Anonymous plans to do exactly, that’s uncertain. But Anonymous could disrupt ISIS’s communications (via social media and other websites) through distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, or it could try hacking ISIS computers to share the identities of its members. For as long as the group has existed, Anonymous has operated almost exclusively online and has done most its work through hacking and these DDoS attacks.

Anonymous’s video against ISIS has been watched nearly a million times on YouTube. The hacktivist collective created a similar video after Charlie Hebdo, the satirical French magazine, was attacked by terrorists in January. Around that time, the group started taking down extremist websites and running social media campaigns against the terrorist organization.

“The French people are stronger than you and will come out of this atrocity even stronger,” Anonymous said in its newest video.

You can watch the whole video from Anonymous below.

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: How 5 things that happened to you in childhood shape you as an adult

03 Nov 07:30

'Super-agers' study may reveal secrets to staying young

by Kerry Sheridan

Regular exercise and a Mediterranean diet are known to help foster healthy aging

Miami (AFP) - Mary Helen Abbott, 77, paints her lips bright pink, still smokes the occasional cigarette, keeps up on all the gossip at the retirement home and wears a short skirt to fitness class.

She giggles as the aerobics instructor shouts -- "Swagger! Like you are going to meet someone famous!" -- then she and a dozen seniors throw shoulders back, lift their knees high and strut around the exercise studio.

Abbott is what scientists refer to as a "super-ager," and she is taking part in a $3.2 million study that aims to uncover the secrets to staying sharp and healthy into old age.

While some hunt for medications to treat or prevent dementia, others, like University of Miami neuropsychologist David Loewenstein, are interested in why some people are spared altogether.

"I study Alzheimer's disease, but if we want to unlock the mysteries of the brain we also have to know why some people age successfully," said Loewenstein.

The five-year study funded by the National Institutes of Health is open to people age 63 to 100 who have not been diagnosed with dementia, and who are either in good mental shape or have early signs of memory failure, known as mild cognitive decline.

Loewenstein is particularly intrigued with how some people seem to be able to fend off memory loss, whether by genetic, environmental or other means.

He cites studies involving autopsies on people 85 and above -- a population in which about one in three suffers from dementia.

Nearly another third of this age group have post-mortems that reveal significant hallmarks of dementia -- known as plaques and tangles in the brain -- but seemed just fine while alive.

"How can people function at these higher levels? Science has not been able to answer that," said Loewenstein.

"And that is what we are trying to figure out."


- Staying busy - 


Of the 100 people enrolled in Loewenstein's study so far, more than 40 live at East Ridge, a retirement village that resembles a typical suburban neighborhood in south Florida, with wild peacocks roaming beneath the palm trees, people driving around the manicured grounds on golf carts, and rows of single-story homes divided into multiple apartment units.

Such tranquility does not come cheap. Residents must pay $111,000 up front, then a monthly rent of $2,700 or more, depending on the size of their living space.

Soon after arriving seven years ago, Gwen North, a retired kindergarten teacher who appears decades younger than her age of 85, took on the responsibility of running the thrift store.

"I work probably six days a week," she said, happily.

At age 86, her husband Art is known as the go-to-guy around town -- perpetually ready to chat, share information, or fix electronics that have broken.

Art and Gwen have already taken memory tests and are giving samples of their spinal fluid so that it can be studied for the earliest biological markers of aging. They have even arranged to donate their brains for further study after they die. 


- 'Exercise in a pill' -


So what has kept them young? 

"Staying busy. And good genes," said Gwen.

"Just working. And my wife," added Art.

It turns out, there is scientific data to back up their claims.

"We have known for a long time that people in the workforce are better than people out of work," said Laura Carstensen, founding director of the Stanford University Center on Longevity, addressing a forum on aging at the National Academy of Medicine last month in Washington.

"Work -- paid or unpaid -- may improve cognitive functioning."

Regular exercise and a Mediterranean diet are also known to help foster healthy aging.

"Geriatricians I know say that if we could put exercise in a pill form it would be the most sought-after drug on the market," she said.


- Social connections - 


Abbott confesses that prior to entering the retirement home, she was not doing so well. After her husband died, she lost weight and felt lonely.

"One of the big reasons I like being here is I got tired of eating by myself," said Abbott.

She clearly thrives on social contact. Now, she plays golf every Monday and rides the bus to church on weekends. 

Abbott leads the welcoming committee and knows everyone, from the gay couple who just moved in, to the woman in her 90s who nearly died but is now lifting weights again in exercise class, to the woman with the raven hair who had a tryst with a doctor 20 years her senior, then married him, and has stayed married to him for some 40 years.

She recounts these vignettes without malice, exuding pure delight at knowing the details of others' lives.

There's some science behind this, too.

"Epidemiological studies show that people with a lifetime of cognitively stimulating activities and social connections are much less at risk for cognitive decline as they age," said Loewenstein.


- Economic burden -


Of course, it is impossible to ignore the economics of healthy aging. Many of the residents at East Ridge are educated and white. They saved their earnings, invested well and benefited from the boom in real estate prices.

The poor are often more prone to the ravages of aging. Research also shows that African-Americans and Hispanics suffer disproportionately higher rates of dementia than the country's whites.

With cases of dementia in the United States set to triple, reaching 132 million by 2050, some experts warn the disease could bankrupt major world economies and cripple health systems.

But Carstensen believes society could also benefit from a new perspective, one that doesn't automatically conflate aging with illness.

Join the conversation about this story »

02 Nov 12:47

The Rise of Political Doxing

by Bruce Schneier

Last week, CIA director John O. Brennan became the latest victim of what's become a popular way to embarrass and harass people on the Internet. A hacker allegedly broke into his AOL account and published e-mails and documents found inside, many of them personal and sensitive.

It's called doxing­ -- sometimes doxxing­ -- from the word "documents." It emerged in the 1990s as a hacker revenge tactic, and has since been as a tool to harass and intimidate people, primarily women, on the Internet. Someone would threaten a woman with physical harm, or try to incite others to harm her, and publish her personal information as a way of saying "I know a lot about you­ -- like where you live and work." Victims of doxing talk about the fear that this tactic instills. It's very effective, by which I mean that it's horrible.

Brennan's doxing was slightly different. Here, the attacker had a more political motive. He wasn't out to intimidate Brennan; he simply wanted to embarrass him. His personal papers were dumped indiscriminately, fodder for an eager press. This doxing was a political act, and we're seeing this kind of thing more and more.

Last year, the government of North Korea did this to Sony. Hackers the FBI believes were working for North Korea broke into the company's networks, stole a huge amount of corporate data, and published it. This included unreleased movies, financial information, company plans, and personal e-mails. The reputational damage to the company was enormous; the company estimated the cost at $41 million.

In July, hackers stole and published sensitive documents from the cyberweapons arms manufacturer Hacking Team. That same month, different hackers did the same thing to the infidelity website Ashley Madison. In 2014, hackers broke into the iCloud accounts of over 100 celebrities and published personal photographs, most containing some nudity. In 2013, Edward Snowden doxed the NSA.

These aren't the first instances of politically motivated doxing, but there's a clear trend. As people realize what an effective attack this can be, and how an individual can use the tactic to do considerable damage to powerful people and institutions, we're going to see a lot more of it.

On the Internet, attack is easier than defense. We're living in a world where a sufficiently skilled and motivated attacker will circumvent network security. Even worse, most Internet security assumes it needs to defend against an opportunistic attacker who will attack the weakest network in order to get­ -- for example­ -- a pile of credit card numbers. The notion of a targeted attacker, who wants Sony or Ashley Madison or John Brennan because of what they stand for, is still new. And it's even harder to defend against.

What this means is that we're going to see more political doxing in the future, against both people and institutions. It's going to be a factor in elections. It's going to be a factor in anti-corporate activism. More people will find their personal information exposed to the world: politicians, corporate executives, celebrities, divisive and outspoken individuals.

Of course they won't all be doxed, but some of them will. Some of them will be doxed directly, like Brennan. Some of them will be inadvertent victims of a doxing attack aimed at a company where their information is stored, like those celebrities with iPhone accounts and every customer of Ashley Madison. Regardless of the method, lots of people will have to face the publication of personal correspondence, documents, and information they would rather be private.

In the end, doxing is a tactic that the powerless can effectively use against the powerful. It can be used for whistleblowing. It can be used as a vehicle for social change. And it can be used to embarrass, harass, and intimidate. Its popularity will rise and fall on this effectiveness, especially in a world where prosecuting the doxers is so difficult.

There's no good solution for this right now. We all have the right to privacy, and we should be free from doxing. But we're not, and those of us who are in the public eye have no choice but to rethink our online data shadows.

This essay previously appeared on Vice Motherboard.

EDITED TO ADD: Slashdot thread.

21 Oct 12:47

Microsoft wants US government to obey EU privacy laws

by Glyn Moody

Microsoft has published a blog post by Brad Smith, the company's president and chief legal officer, on the implications of the collapse of the Safe Harbour arrangement between the EU and US. In the post, Smith calls for the US government to agree that "it will only demand access to personal information that is stored in the United States and belongs to an EU national in a manner that conforms with EU law, and vice versa."

Smith declares that "privacy really is a fundamental human right," and points out that privacy rights are not meaningful if they change every time that data moves from one jurisdiction to another. "Individuals should not lose their fundamental rights simply because their personal information crosses a border. While never stated quite this directly, this principle underlies every aspect of the European Court’s decision, and it makes sense."

As a consequence, Smith believes that "we need to ensure across the Atlantic that people’s legal rights move with their data." If that were to happen, and the US were to apply EU law to EU data held in the US, it would satisfy the stipulation of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in its Safe Harbour ruling that the legal protection for the personal data of EU citizens held in the US must be “essentially equivalent” to that available to them in Europe for it to be acceptable under EU legislation.

Read 5 remaining paragraphs | Comments

13 Oct 12:55

The Dutch Safety Board released this chilling animation of MH17 being hit with a missile

by Amanda Macias

Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17, traveling from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur on July 17, 2014, was hit by a Buk surface-to-air missile over the eastern part of Ukraine, the Dutch Safety Board has concluded in a final report.

"No scenario other than a Buk surface-to-air missile can explain this combination of facts," the report said.

A pro-Russian separatist standing at the crash site of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, near the settlement of Grabovo in the Donetsk region, is seen in this July 18, 2014 file photo. REUTERS/Maxim Zmeyev/Files

"It was a Buk missile that hit the left upper part of the cockpit," a visibly shaken relative, Robby Oehlers, told reporters, just after being briefed by Dutch officials in The Hague, the AFP reports.

The warhead, fired from rebel-held eastern Ukraine, detonated to the left side and slightly above the cockpit, as shown in a video re-creation from the Dutch Safety Board. 

mh17 gif"The forward section of the aircraft was penetrated by hundreds of high-energy objects coming from the warhead. As a result of the impact and the subsequent blast, the three crew members in the cockpit were killed immediately and the airplane broke up in the air," the report said.

"Wreckage from the airplane was distributed over various sites within an area of 50 square kilometers. All 298 occupants were killed."

flight mh17 gif

Here's how Buk missiles work:

buk rocket

Buk m2_rear_ky

And here is the full video via the Dutch Safety Board (and here is the full report):

SEE ALSO: Investigators: MH17 was shot down by a Russian-made Buk missile fired from a rebel-held area

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Investigators say flight MH17 was struck by a Russian-made surface-to-air missile

08 Oct 19:55

DuckDuckGo CEO calls out Google and says it's 'a myth you need to track people to make money' (GOOG)

by Tess Danielson

DuckDuckGo CEO gabriel weinbergIt's a myth that search engines like Google need to keep track of people's digital footprint to make a profit, at least that's what Gabriel Weinberg, CEO of rival search engine DuckDuckGo, says.

DuckDuckGo bills itself as the search engine “that doesn’t track you," and recently announced it sees more than 10 million searches a day.

In a recent "AMA" (ask me anything) hosted by Y Combinator’s Hacker News, the outspoken critic of Google made it clear that his company doesn’t need to mine user data to stay afloat:

"DuckDuckGo is actually profitable! It is a myth you need to track people to make money in Web search," Weinberg told Hacker News. "Most of the money is still made without tracking people by showing you ads based on your keyword, i.e. type in car and get a car ad."

The concept is rather simple: if you look for the price of, say, a Microsoft Surface Book, you get an ad for the laptop in your results; as opposed to having your search for “hotels in Paris” follow you around three months after typing it into your browser, as Weinberg explained in a recent interview with Business Insider.

“The issue with Google is they run four of the biggest ad networks in the world and only one is search related,” he said. “The rest are on millions of sites and apps across the Internet and they use tracking to do better at ads on these third-party sites,” but then go on to apply the data for searches, which Weinberg believes is a central conflict.

DuckDuckGo was created in 2008, before online surveillance and privacy became major concerns. But business has been booming since the NSA revelations, which showed the extent internet tracking programs such as PRISM went to collect people's meta-data.

DuckDuckGo search engine

Weinberg went on to explain that direct searches on DuckDuckGo have increased 600% since the revelations, which is on track to do 3 billion searches this year. He attributes the recent success to the combination of a change in attitudes about online privacy — citing a Pew Research poll showing 40% of Americans believe search engine providers shouldn’t retain information about their activity — along with DuckDuckGo’s partnership with Apple and Mozilla, both of which have had rocky relationships with Google and have come out in favor of encryption.

But even with a growing customer base, Weinberg said in both in his previous interview with Business Insider and during his Hacker News AMA that the biggest issue facing the search engine is simply getting noticed.

“A very small percentage of people have ever heard of DuckDuckGo,” he explained on the AMA forum. “As a result, we think we have a lot of room to focus on making the product better and growing, and that is really our future plans in a nutshell.”

One of those future plans includes DuckDuckHack, or “community-driven instant answers for most searches,” which will provide information on everything from Lego parts to municipal bonds.

“Right now anyone can suggest an instant answer source, and anyone can develop it,” Weinberg wrote. “The answers themselves and the entire platform [are] open source.”

But as DuckDuckGo experiments with new features and expansion, Weinberg says the best thing loyal users can do for the company is spread the word.

SEE ALSO: We talked to the CEO of the world's most private search engine about why people prefer it to Google

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: 8 Tips For Google Search That Will Streamline Nearly Everything You Do

04 Oct 15:52

Everybody is suddenly copying Microsoft

by Matt Weinberger

Apple iPad Pro

In 2012, when Microsoft first introduced the Surface Pro — a tablet that was also a laptop — it became an industry punchline.

“You can merge a toaster and a refrigerator, but that’s probably not going to be pleasing to anyone," quipped Apple CEO Tim Cook.

Nobody's laughing now. And Microsoft is looking more and more like a trendsetter. 

Three years after Cook's jab, the Surface Pro 3, is selling strong — strong enough that Microsoft is expected to launch a much-anticipated Surface Pro 4 at a special event on Tuesday.

In the meantime, Apple and Google have started to pay attention. This past September saw both companies introduce tablet/laptop hybrids: The Apple iPad Pro and the Google Pixel C.

"Apple just admitted Microsoft is right," read a headline here on Business Insider. Another one described the Pixel C as a "Surface killer." 

It's pretty simple. Google and Apple are not copying Microsoft. It's simply that this combination tablet/laptop thing is just the very first version of what these tech titans want the world to look like. 

The smartphone reset everything in computing

Surface Pro 3The PC market is still shrinking like crazy. Analyst firm IDC expects PC sales to end up down 8.7% this year. The only silver lining for the PC industry is that there might be a little bump in 2017, when a lot of businesses are expected to buy new computers alongside Microsoft Windows 10. 

At the same time, the smartphone market is only growing. Apple has its ridiculously profitable iPhone, while Google Android is now the most popular operating system in the world — one of every five people on the planet has an Android phone.

Meanwhile, two-in-ones like the Microsoft Surface and the Windows-powered clones it's inspired are still a teeny-tiny part of the overall market — but they're bucking the overall trend by growing even as more traditional computers shrink.

It's no surprise. People like their smartphones and tablets. It's only natural that they want to get more stuff done with them. 

The problem is that the world of software is in a strange, in-between state. 

People increasingly expect all their apps, in the work and personal lives, to behave a certain way. They have to be easy to install, automatically update, keep track of their personal data and files between devices, be personalized to the user, and, perhaps most of all, work well on a touch screen – without requiring a mouse or pointer or (keyboard. Put a tablet in front of a nine-year-old, if you want to see what I mean.)

This is how apps on smartphones work. Therefore, this is how most people expect all applications on all computing platforms to work, today, right now.Pixel C

At the same time, though, not every app is there.

People haven't figured out the best way to make productivity happen on a touch screen. For every college student who manages to file a term paper on Google Docs from their phone or iPad, there are thousands more who are still doing it the old-fashioned way with a keyboard and pointer or mouse — and probably Microsoft Office. Charts, graphics, tiny little spreadsheet cells, and lots of other things are still too hard to control via touch.

The problem is worse in a workplace setting, where users are locked into using certain software for certain things. 

Apple event pencil stylus

Why Microsoft got there first

Back in 2012, the iPad was the product that defined the tablet market, and Android tablets were coming up fast. But Microsoft had zero presence in tablets, and was struggling in smartphones.

So it had nothing to protect — and every reason to try something new.

That's why Microsoft wsa the first company to push this hybrid model.

The Surface Pro was partly a tablet, because people demand touchscreens. But it had an optional-but-not-really $129 keyboard, because people need keyboards. And a full, backward compatible version of Windows, because for better or for worse, enterprises run on Microsoft Office and any number of other Windows apps.

(Microsoft also has a slightly different device, just called the Surface – no "Pro" – which looked basically  the same but did not run old-fashioned Windows apps. It flopped, causing Microsoft to take a nearly $1 billion write down, and Microsoft changed directions — the latest version, the Surface 3, runs Windows 10.)

Even the stylus is a crucial part here. It combines the responsiveness of using a finger with the preciseness of a mouse. As we expect to do more complicated, more intricate things with our tablets, the stylus is having its long-overdue moment in the sun.

Microsoft Surface Pro 3

The app question

Windows is the Surface Pro's strength.

But if Apple and Google have their way, it'll end up being its weakness. 

Microsoft has struggled to get its Windows Store off the ground. Because Microsoft currently holds a meager 3 percent stake in the smartphone market, the crucial developers it needs to build the software that would set the platform apart have taken their talents to Apple and Google's more lucrative app stores. And all the legacy Windows apps that the Surface runs so well aren't really meant for touch screens — and would run just as well on any other kind of Windows PC.

The Windows Store was supposed to be the place where you can get apps that work in exactly the same way on a tablet as on a desktop. Those apps were supposed to bridge the gap between old-school Windows computing and the new instant-installing, always-on "apps" that people got used to on smartphones and iPads and Android tablets.

But as much as Microsoft is tripping over itself to make sure that its Office suite is fully updated for a modern era, not many others are following suit.

ipad pro keyboardMeanwhile, Apple has the full attention of app developers, and it knows it. 

Right now, the iPad can't offer the whole range of work-ready apps and tools that Windows can. But it has a key edge going forward: There are plenty of developers with iPad apps, and Apple can try to coerce them into building for the iPad Pro.

The new iOS 9 already lays out the red carpet for developers here: By supporting split-view windows, it makes using the iPad Pro a little bit more like using a traditional desktop operating systems.

Even Microsoft itself is developing Office apps that are designed to take full advantage of the iPad Pro. It's a great reflection on Microsoft's commitment to making Office-powered productivity the center of the company, but it also gives one less reason for anyone to buy a Surface over an iPad Pro.

google pixel c

Google is much slower on the uptake here: The Pixel C is more like a science project than a serious contender, and has neither a stylus or a multi-window view. It's just a pretty Android tablet with a weird-shaped keyboard.

But the market forces are the same: Google can use the existing Android ecosystem to push forward the notion of tablet-based productivity. In that light, it's not much of a surprise that Google opted to use Android instead of the Chrome OS for its new laptop-thing.

Plus, Google has what Apple doesn't — a suite of work products called Google for Work (formerly Google Apps, Drive, and other separate products) that can compete with Microsoft Office.

Eating their lunch

In the short term, Apple and Google have their work cut out for them.

Where Apple and Android are going to have to convince developers and customers alike that their tablets can be a serious productivity platform, the Surface line has the advantage of Windows' 30-year history and Microsoft's reputation in the workplace.

But Apple and Google are simply attracting more developers, faster. Eventually they'll catch up. 

The world is changing, and so is the way we use our computers. Apple, Microsoft, and Google are just trying to stay ahead of the curve. 



SEE ALSO: I just used Microsoft's version of the Apple Genius Bar and it was awesome

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: This is Microsoft's ambitious plan to own virtual reality

02 Oct 11:30

You can have your ad blockers, I’ll stick with RSS

by Thomas Ricker

RSS has never been fashionable — it’s always been a news gathering tool for nerds, not norms. But now, more than two years after the untimely demise of Google Reader, RSS almost feels cool — like listening to vinyl or hating things on Twitter. RSS is a stealthy way to obtain news that’s fast, friendly, and free from both ads and trackers. Its ubiquity makes me wonder why anyone bothers with browsers and adblockers at all, especially when mobile.

Continue reading…

01 Oct 20:00

A newly discovered router virus actually fights off malware

by Russell Brandom

Routers are among the most hackable devices out there — rarely updated, easily compromised, and almost never scanned for viruses. But a new router virus might actually be making the devices safer, according to a report from the security firm Symantec. Dubbed Linux.Wifatch, the bug behaves like a regular virus from the outside: infecting the device, operating undetected, and coordinating actions through a peer-to-peer network. But instead of performing DDoS attacks or looking for sensitive data, Wifatch's main role seems to be keeping other viruses out. It stays up to date on virus definitions through its peer-to-peer network, deletes any malware discovered, and cuts off other channels malware would typically use to attack the router. In...

Continue reading…

14 Sep 13:02

Eric Schmidt: Apple Music’s human curation is ‘elitist’

by Engadget


Every now and again, executives from the world’s largest tech companies like to throw some thinly-veiled shade in the direction of their rivals. Depending on who you ask, Eric Schmidt’s editorial for BBC News can be taken as a stinging attack on Apple Music, which he calls “elitist” and out-dated. The Alphabet chief was writing about the benefits of artificial intelligence, specifically talking about how machine learning can benefit various projects including speech recognition and self-driving cars.

“In the future, we need to do even more blending of AI research with solving real-world challenges.

In the next generation of software, machine learning won’t just be an add-on that improves performance a few percentage points; it will really replace traditional approaches.

To give just one example: a decade ago, to launch a digital music service, you probably would have enlisted a handful of elite tastemakers to pick the hottest new music.

Today, you’re much better off building a smart system that can learn from the real world – what actual listeners are most likely to like next – and help you predict who and where the next Adele might be.

As a bonus, it’s a much less elitist taste-making process – much more democratic – allowing everyone to discover the next big star through our own collective tastes and not through the individual preferences of a select few.”

After a while, the executive gets onto the subject of a digital music service (quoted) and how “a decade ago,” it would have required hiring a “handful of elite tastemakers” to build it. You’ll get no prizes for guessing the approach that Apple took when constructing Beats 1, snagging elite tastemakers DJs like Zane Lowe to curate Beats 1’s selection. When the channel launched, Eddy Cue spoke of his distaste for internet radio, saying that it was merely a “playlist of songs,” and praising human curation.

Of course, Schmidt may have the excuse that he was only reacting to provocation, since Tim Cook threw a sharp elbow towards Google Photos back in June. The CEO was speaking at a privacy non profit about a product that took your family’s photos and “sold [them] off for god knows what advertising purpose.” The big lesson here, folks, is that even two of the tech world’s most powerful people can’t resist in a little bit of high school drama every now and again.

[Image Credit: AFP/Getty]

Filed under:
Portable Audio/Video, Internet, Apple, Google



BBC News

Tags: Alphabet, apple, AppleMusic, EricSchmidt, google

The post Eric Schmidt: Apple Music’s human curation is ‘elitist’ appeared first on AIVAnet.

10 Sep 17:41

Highlights from Artist Tatsuya Tanaka’s Daily Miniature Photo Project

by Christopher Jobson


Photographer and art director Tatsuya Tanaka has a fascination with all things tiny and has an uncanny ability to repurpose everyday objects as set pieces or tools for the inhabitants of his miniature world. For his project Miniature Calendar, Tanaka has been stretching his imagination to its limits nearly every day for the last four years. A tape dispenser becomes the bar for a restaurant, a circuit board is suddenly a rice paddy field, and the notes of a musical score become the hurdles for a track race. Individually, the photos might invoke a smile or chuckle as you get the joke, but when viewed collectively they morph into a fascinating study on Tanaka’s breadth of creativity.

New photos from Miniature Calendar are published every day on Instagram and Facebook. Tanaka also published a book of earlier miniature photos in a book titled Miniature Life. (via Spoon & Tamago)







07 Sep 11:38

Dutch defeats leave nation wondering what went wrong

by Mike Corder
Maxim Bange

Sports.. The World is going to sh.., 'to the moon', again, so let's talk about Football..

The Turkish team celebrate as Daley Blind of The Netherlands gestures, during their Euro 2016 Group A qualifying soccer match between Turkey and the Netherlands at the Buyuksehir Torku Arena Stadium in Konya, Turkey, Sunday, Sept. 6, 2015.(AP Photo)

THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — The same Netherlands team that humiliated Spain early in last year's World Cup is fading — and fading fast.

After losses to Turkey and Iceland over the last few days, the Dutch are on the brink of missing out on next year's European Championship in France — a tournament expanded to accommodate 24 teams.

The Netherlands lineup that lost to Iceland 1-0 at home on Thursday and then 3-0 at Turkey on Sunday is virtually unchanged from the one that overwhelmingly defeated the defending World Cup champions 5-1 last year in Brazil and ended up finishing third.

"This whole qualification campaign has been incredibly difficult," Netherlands striker Robin van Persie said after the loss in Turkey. "We still have a chance, but it is no longer in our hands and that is terrible."

These days, the 1988 European champions and three-time World Cup finalists are struggling to find the net against all but the weakest opponents. The team is even more inept at defending its own goal.

A tight defense was the foundation of the Netherlands' success in Brazil — apart from two penalty shootouts, the team conceded only four goals in seven matches at the World Cup. In eight Euro 2016 qualifiers, the Dutch have already allowed 10 goals.

Even Johan Cruyff, a passionate advocate of attacking soccer, has been left lamenting the lack of quality at the back.

In his column in Monday's edition of Dutch daily De Telegraaf, the former Netherlands great pointed to the penalty given away by defender Gregory van der Wiel that handed Iceland victory in Amsterdam as symptomatic of poor Dutch defending.

"Again, a defender who doesn't think enough about positional play," Cruyff wrote.

The long-term knee injury that sidelined center back Ron Vlaar has been a key problem in defense, just as Arjen Robben's injury-hit season undermined attacking options. Both players were standouts of the World Cup campaign.

But more than any individual absences, the Netherlands' team spirit appears to be missing.

"In Oranje, there are a number of players who are only concerned about themselves," former Netherlands player Willem van Hanegem wrote in his Monday column in the Algemeen Dagblad daily newspaper.

He singled out Memphis for criticism.

"He only lay on the ground," Van Hanegem wrote, overlooking the fact that the Manchester United winger supplied a number of crosses from the left that could — should — have led to Dutch goals.

The misfiring Memphis, out-of-form Van Persie and often-injured Robben have contributed to a shocking attacking impotence against all but the lowliest teams in Group A.

The Dutch have scored 11 goals in three matches against Kazakhstan and Latvia, but only two in five matches against Iceland, the Czech Republic and Turkey, the teams now above them in the group.

Many are blaming the coaching staff.

After his World Cup campaign, Louis van Gaal — known for ruling his teams with an iron fist — moved to Manchester United and was replaced by Guus Hiddink, an experienced and highly successful coach known for a more hands-off relationship with players.

But Hiddink's approach backfired immediately. In his first match in charge, a friendly against Italy, the Dutch conceded two early goals and lost 2-0, setting the tone for a short and unsuccessful second stint in charge.

Hiddink repeatedly saw his team give away early goals and then struggle to recover. His contract was soon terminated.

Danny Blind — with two losses in his first two matches since replacing Hiddink — has not been able to overturn the slide. He now has to rely on Turkey dropping points in its last two matches for the Dutch to stand any chance of securing third place in Group A and a playoff berth.

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03 Sep 15:22

Elon Musk says there's 'no such thing' as a business

by Kelly Dickerson

tesla elon musk

Billionaire entrepreneur Elon Musk seems to have his hands in every industry these days. You could argue he's one of the savviest businessmen around.

But when Musk sat down with Wait But Why's Tim Urban, he said something really surprising:

"I don't know what a business is," Musk told Urban. "All a company is is a bunch of people together to create a product or service. There's no such thing as a business, just pursuit of a goal — a group of people pursuing a goal."

This statement actually makes a lot of sense when you learn more about the inner workings of his companies. He runs a lot of businesses, but not in a conventional way.

For example, he started his rocket company SpaceX by first learning all he could about rockets, and then rounding up the most brilliant rocket engineers he could find.

He also didn't (and still doesn't) hire employees based on their degrees. Musk is more interested in qualities like raw talent, ability to work well with a team, and deep passion for the SpaceX mission.

If everyone at SpaceX fits that description, then it sounds exactly like a group of smart people working toward a shared goal — not necessarily how we typically define a business.

Another key element is that SpaceX builds almost every part of each rocket it produces. That's highly unusual for the aerospace industry, according to Urban. Most companies will specialize in building a few rocket pieces and then buy the rest from other companies.

Since SpaceX builds almost every part it needs, it can remain that same autonomous group of people working toward a collective goal that Musk described. You can also argue it promotes more teamwork: SpaceX engineers sit right next to the SpaceX designers and manufacturers. Different teams sharing the same space is not typical of other companies.

Another characteristic that separates Musk's businesses from others is how much control he has over them.

"Some bosses are called micromanagers — at Musk's companies, his level of involvement earned him the term 'nanomanager,'" Urban writes.

That's because Musk has made himself an expert in a lot of areas. For example, when something goes wrong during a SpaceX rocket launch, it's often Musk himself that will brief the public on exactly what went wrong, down to the nitty-gritty engineering details.

So maybe Musk doesn't know what a business is, but he's figured out a very effective way of running them.

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: This is how Elon Musk wants to drastically reduce the cost of space flight

28 Aug 00:07

Iran premieres big-budget epic film 'Muhammad'

by Ali Noorani

Iranians stand in front of a cinema featuring

Tehran (AFP) - Iran's most expensive movie, "Muhammad", which chronicles the childhood of the Muslim prophet, opened nationwide on Thursday, winning praise from early audiences.

Directed by Majid Majidi, the 171-minute, visually stunning film cost around $40 million (36 million euros), partly funded by the state, and took more than seven years to complete.

Majidi says the aim of his work, the first part of a trilogy, is to reclaim the rightful image of Islam, which he said extremists have distorted.

"Unfortunately at this time the impression of Islam is of a radical, fanatical and violent religion, which is not what it's about," he said in Montreal, where "Muhammad" had its international premiere, hours after screening back home.

"The barbaric acts of terrorism conducted by terrorist groups under the guise of Islam are not related to Islam," he said, alluding to beheadings and destruction of cultural treasures by Islamic State militants in Syria and Iraq.

"Islam is a religion of peace, friendship and love, and I tried to show this in the film."

"Muhammad," which captures Saudi Arabia more than 1,400 years ago, offers much more than stereotypical trains of Arabs on camels riding across yellow sand dunes.

It takes cinemagoers from the miraculous birth of the future prophet up to his teenage years, and is packed with miracles. The crew of "Muhammad" is indicative of the film's ambition.

It includes three-time Oscar-winning Italian cinematographer Vittorio Storaro. And the score was devised by India's Allah Rakha Rahman, a double Academy Award winner for the Danny Boyle-directed blockbuster "Slumdog Millionaire."

In one scene, an army of tribesmen mounted on elephants charges the holy city of Mecca to heart-pounding music, only to be destroyed by a flock of crows hurling stones.

In another, intensely emotional scene, the boy heals his nanny with a touch of his hand.

"It was very moving for us," said Mahsa Rasoulzadeh, 40, accompanied by her mother and teenage daughter at Kourosh Cinema in west Tehran.


- Strong demand in Tehran -


The theatre was around two-thirds full at an 11:00 am showing on Thursday, the first day of the Iranian weekend, but afternoon sessions were sold out in advance and two more had to be added for after midnight to meet demand.

Abolfazl Fatehi, 21, who came to watch the film in a family group of seven, said he loved it.

"I think this film can be a starting point of research for those who don't know Islam," he said.

Mehdi Azar, a 25-year-old worker at the cinema, said "it's a long movie and that might seem a turn-off at first, but it's attractive enough to draw an audience. It was very attractive visually."

The film is the second major production on the prophet.

The first, "Muhammad, Messenger of God", was made in 1976 by Syrian-American filmmaker Moustapha Akkad.

It was a huge success with Shiite Iranians.

Forty years on, with its cost around 20 times higher than any other Iran-produced film, Majidi's effort has raised high expectations. 

Despite broad early enthusiasm some felt the movie had not lived up to the hype.

"I had heard so much about it... but, to be honest, my expectations were much higher than what I saw," said Komeil Arjmandi, 23, who is studying film direction.

"I wanted the film to rise higher than Mr Akkad's movie."

Yet, officials don't want the film to be compared with others. 

In order to "preserve the dignity" of the prophet, "Muhammad" was excluded from competition in Iran's major Fajr festival in February and was instead showcased in a separate showing.

While Iran has denounced cartoons of the prophet like those published by French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, Shiites are generally more relaxed than Sunnis about depiction of religious figures.

Many showings of "Muhammad" in Shiite-majority Iran have already sold out, but the film has triggered controversy in the Sunni world.

No announcement has yet been made on when the two other parts of the "Muhammad" trilogy, covering the rest of his life, will be produced.

Join the conversation about this story »

27 Aug 17:36

Iranian Phishing

by Bruce Schneier

CitizenLab is reporting on Iranian hacking attempts against activists, which include a real-time man-in-the-middle attack against Google's two-factor authentication.

This report describes an elaborate phishing campaign against targets in Iran's diaspora, and at least one Western activist. The ongoing attacks attempt to circumvent the extra protections conferred by two-factor authentication in Gmail, and rely heavily on phone-call based phishing and "real time" login attempts by the attackers. Most of the attacks begin with a phone call from a UK phone number, with attackers speaking in either English or Farsi.

The attacks point to extensive knowledge of the targets' activities, and share infrastructure and tactics with campaigns previously linked to Iranian threat actors. We have documented a growing number of these attacks, and have received reports that we cannot confirm of targets and victims of highly similar attacks, including in Iran. The report includes extra detail to help potential targets recognize similar attacks. The report closes with some security suggestions, highlighting the importance of two-factor authentication.

The report quotes my previous writing on the vulnerabilities of two-factor authentication:

As researchers have observed for at least a decade, a range of attacks are available against 2FA. Bruce Schneier anticipated in 2005, for example, that attackers would develop real time attacks using both man-in-the-middle attacks, and attacks against devices. The"real time" phishing against 2FA that Schneier anticipated were reported at least 9 years ago.

Today, researchers regularly point out the rise of "real-time" 2FA phishing, much of it in the context of online fraud. A 2013 academic article provides a systematic overview of several of these vectors. These attacks can take the form of theft of 2FA credentials from devices (e.g. "Man in the Browser" attacks), or by using 2FA login pages. Some of the malware-based campaigns that target 2FA have been tracked for several years, are highly involved, and involve convincing targets to install separate Android apps to capture one-time passwords. Another category of these attacks works by exploiting phone number changes, SIM card registrations, and badly protected voicemail

Boing Boing article. Hacker News thread.

26 Aug 16:28

Lessons learned from cracking 4,000 Ashley Madison passwords

by Dan Goodin

When hackers released password data for more than 36 million Ashley Madison accounts last week, big-league cracking expert Jeremi Gosney didn't bother running them through one of his massive computer clusters built for the sole purpose of password cracking. The reason: the passwords were protected by bcrypt, a cryptographic hashing algorithm so strong Gosney estimated it would take years using a highly specialized computer cluster just to check the dump for the top 10,000 most commonly used passwords.

So fellow security expert Dean Pierce stepped in to fill the vacuum, and his experience confirms Gosney's assessment. The long-and-short of his project is that after five days of nonstop automated guessing using a moderately fast server specifically designed to carry out compute-intensive cryptographic operations, he deciphered just 4,000 of the underlying plaintext passwords. Not surprisingly, the passwords Pierce extracted from just the first 6 million entries in the Ashley Madison table look as weak as those from just about any data breach. Here are the top 20 passwords cracked in the highly limited experiment and number of users who chose each one:

password Number of users
123456 202
password 105
12345 99
qwerty 32
12345678 31
ashley 28
baseball 27
abc123 27
696969 23
111111 21
football 20
fuckyou 20
madison 20
asshole 19
superman 19
fuckme 19
hockey 19
123456789 19
hunter 19
harley 18

Most of the lessons gleaned from Pierce's exercise involve the secure storage of passwords at rest. We'll get to that in a moment. But first, a few observations about the top 20 passwords uncovered. First, they come from the beginning six million hashes stored in the Ashley Madison database. Depending on how the list was organized, that may mean they belong to the earliest six million accounts created during the site's 14 years in operation. Passwords from the last million entries—which might have been created in the last few years—could be stronger.

Read 15 remaining paragraphs | Comments

19 Aug 14:27

Everything you say and do is public: five rules for living with the internet

by Chris Plante

Yesterday hackers made good on a threat, publishing the data belonging to over 30 million accounts from adultery dating website Ashley Madison. The impact this breach could have on millions of marriages — not just of celebrities and politicians but people typically out of the public spotlight — could be historical. While the implications of a data breach like this have been analyzed in the past, the lessons have been largely ignored.

Take this moment to consider the five laws of your life online. Like laws of the state, whether or not you choose to learn these laws is irrelevant, as you will be tried by them regardless.

Continue reading…

18 Aug 12:37

Doom community mourns longtime, award-winning modder Ty Halderman

by Owen S. Good

The Doom community is mourning a well known and well liked modder who died at the end of July following a short battle with brain cancer. He was 69.

Ty Halderman was a member of the modding team that delivered 1996's TNT: Evilution (pictured), a major 32-level mod that ultimately got a formal publishing arrangement with id Software and was released in an expansion called Final Doom. Several of its levels later appeared in the PlayStation version of Final Doom. The launch of Final Doom was very controversial in the Doom community at the time, much in the same way paid mods generated controversy for Steam earlier this year.

Halderman also was credited as a main programmer for 1998's Boom, a very influential source port of Doom. Halderman...

Continue reading…

14 Aug 02:28

A Dutch newspaper used the N-word in the headline for a review about three recent books on race relations

by Bryan Logan

racist newspaper

The Dutch newspaper, "NRC Handelsblad" recently posted a review of three recent books about race relations in the US with a controversial headline that is now getting well-deserved backlash.

The headline of the review read, "Nigger, are you crazy?"

The review, as noted by The Washington Post, was published July 31.

It's an assessment of books written by several outspoken authors — including noted educator and journalist, Ta-Nehisi Coates, who writes for The Atlantic, and novelist Paul Beatty.

Here's what the spread looked like:

This is how the highbrow Dutch newspaper @NRC designed and headlined its review last week of @tanehisicoates's book.

— siddhartha mitter (@siddhmi) August 6, 2015

Nearly as bad, the paper's editorial team chose to use "blackface" cartoons to illustrate piece.

Here is the full, foul design of Dutch paper @NRC's "black in America" package featuring review of @tanehisicoates:

— siddhartha mitter (@siddhmi) August 6, 2015

Guus Valk, the NRC Handelsblad Washington correspondent who wrote the review, says he wasn't involved with choosing the headline, nor the layout or illustrations. Valk was cited by The Post, saying he's "sorry to learn that people had been offended."

The review triggered a dizzying response from many corners of social media, which prompted the newspaper to take the images offline, according to The Post. NRC editor, Michel Krielaars is quoted here, saying the paper did not want to "offend non-Dutch speakers who only read Twitter."

In an email to The Post, Krielaars explained why NRC Handelsblad framed the review the way it did. Krielaars says:

"The tone of the article is pessimistic, and the illustrations, as well as the headline, were meant to reflect that. There's is no racist remark to be read in the review, because that is not our cup of tea."

Krielaars explains that the headline was a fictional quote attributed to Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas, and pulled from one of the books being reviewed, titled "The Sellout."

You can read Krielaar's full explanation for the piece that appeared in The Post below:

The article by our Washington correspondent Guus Valk in the weekly Book Supplement of NRC Handelsblad was a review of three books about race relations in the United States: Ta-Nehisi Coates’ Between the World and Me,  Paul Beatty’s The Sellout, and Mat Johnson’s Loving Day. It dealt with the persistence of racism and the continuing inequality in the US. The tone of the article is pessimistic, and the illustrations, as well as the headline, were meant to reflect that. There is no racist remark to be read in the review, because that is not our cup of tea.

The headline is a [fictional] quote made by Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas [in The Sellout]. Mr. Valk describes this sequence in his review because it says a lot about the race discussion in the US.

The drawings are a literal illustrations of ‘stereotype’ and ‘white’ aggression, the above mentioned books are dealing with. They are ugly, unkind, and offensive – and they are meant to be, because they cover the content of the reviewed books. Of course, they were not intended to offend. Actually, it is rather stupid to think so.

When choosing the headline, we aimed at the intended audience of the piece: Dutch readers of the book section (black, white, but: Dutch readers). Because ‘N—’ is an English word, the offensive value in Dutch is not as direct as it is in English, comparable with the effect of less racially sensitive swear words. We realized the word is offensive, but in the headline it was meant to focus on the pessimistic message of Paul Beatty’s book when he gave the line to his fictional Clarence Thomas. Considering the fuss in your country it would have been better if we had put the headline between quotation marks.

No, we didn’t assume it would offend Dutch readers (black or white), otherwise we wouldn’t have chosen it. Also we didn’t think about possible reactions by non-Dutch readers, because the article is in Dutch and it does not aim at non-Dutch readers. The fact that, through the web, this article travels across the world we consider a good thing. But we don’t think it’s fair if the title travels by itself, without the context of the language in which the article was written. Having said that, we may have underestimated the possible impact on the image of a newspaper spread with these illustrations and this headline. We do regret this.

Yes, it was a conscious decision to depict the situation with the use of stereotypical blackface portraits. Like I said: the illustrations are offensive, because the racial situation in the US, as described in the reviewed books, is offensive. Note that ‘whiteness’ in these illustrations is depicted as someone with a gun. I wouldn’t call it irony: it’s cynicism. And it was meant to be cynical.

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: More trouble for Subway's Jared Fogle...

17 Aug 20:59

Windows 10 is the end of cloud-free computing

by Russell Brandom

Welcome to the second annual Verge Hack Week. We're totally blowing up our site: we've given our reporters and editors the entire week to play with new tools and experiment with new storytelling ideas, while members of our amazing product team have gathered in New York to help build all sorts of interesting new things. Learn more.

In the weeks after its release, Windows 10 users have noticed something strange — it's always phoning home. Last week, an Ars Technica investigation found Windows computers sending data back to Microsoft servers even after services like Cortana and OneDrive had been disabled, in one case even sending back a message as soon as users hit the Start button.

It's a telling change for Microsoft — the last...

Continue reading…

11 Aug 17:38

Amnesty approves policy to decriminalize sex trade

by Danica Kirka

FILE - In this Friday, May 16, 2014 file photo, a discarded bra lies on the ground outside an informal bar that allegedly employed sex workers after a government raid on the illegal mining camp in La Pampa in the Madre de Dios region of Peru. Amnesty International approved a controversial policy Tuesday, Aug. 11, 2015 to endorse the de-criminalization of the sex trade, rejecting complaints by women’s rights groups who say it is tantamount to advocating the legalization of pimping and brothel owning. (AP Photo/Rodrigo Abd, File)

LONDON (AP) — Amnesty International approved a controversial policy Tuesday to endorse the de-criminalization of the sex trade, rejecting complaints from some women's rights groups who say it is tantamount to advocating the legalization of pimping and brothel owning.

At its decision-making forum in Dublin, the human rights watchdog approved the resolution to recommend "full decriminalization of all aspects of consensual sex work." It argues its research suggests decriminalization is the best way to defend sex workers' human rights.

"We recognize that this critical human rights issue is hugely complex and that is why we have addressed this issue from the perspective of international human rights standards," said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International. "We also consulted with our global movement to take on board different views from around the world."

Amnesty's decision is important because it will use its heft to lobby governments around the world to accept its point of view.

Advance word of the Amnesty policy sparked opposition from some women's groups who argued that the human rights organization has made a serious mistake. The groups, such as the U.S.-based Coalition Against Trafficking in Women, have argued that while it agrees with Amnesty that those who are prostituted should not be criminalized, full de-criminalization would make pimps "businesspeople" who could sell the vulnerable with impunity.

"It really is a slap in the face to survivors and to women's rights groups around the world," said Taina Bien-Aime, the executive director of the coalition, adding that disappointment does not adequately describe her feelings.

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06 Aug 16:22

The touching way Jon Stewart handled 9/11 on 'The Daily Show' in 2001

by Jethro Nededog

daily show jon stewart 911 monologue

As we anticipate what will inevitably be an epic goodbye from "The Daily Show" host Jon Stewart on Thursday, Business Insider is looking back at the host's greatest moments.

Way atop our list was Jon Stewart's touching monologue upon his return to the show after 9/11.

Visibly shaken by the tragic events, the lives lost, the damage done, and the fear the terrorists created, Stewart returned nine days after 9/11.

"They said to get back to work," Stewart said. "And there were no jobs for a man in the fetal position, under his desk crying, which I gladly would've taken. So, I come back here."

Stewart broke down several times throughout the monologue.

Jon Stewart emotional GIF

Holding back tears, Stewart explained that he and everyone at the show believed that what they do "is a privilege." He would go on to express how thankful he was that we live in a country that allows them to do what they do: satire and the freedom to criticize.

"The view from my apartment was the World Trade Center," he said. "Now, it's gone. And, they attacked it. This symbol of American ingenuity and strength and labor and imagination and commerce. And, it is gone. But, do you know what the view is now? The Statue of Liberty. The view from south Manhattan is now the Statue of Liberty. You can't beat that."

Re-watch Stewart's emotional monologue below:


SEE ALSO: Director of 'Going Clear' calls out Jon Stewart for not bringing up Scientology during Tom Cruise interview

MORE: 8 moments that made 'The Daily Show With Jon Stewart' one of the most important shows on TV

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Things you may not know about Jon Stewart and how he got to 'The Daily Show'

02 Aug 21:03

Apple's signature software is uncharacteristically bad for the world's most valuable company

by Robinson Meyer


iTunes is the glue of Apple’s software universe: It connects the company’s phones and tablets, desktops and laptops, and online media store and streaming service.

It is also, in the inimitable judgement of the indie iOS developer Marco Arment, “a toxic hellstew.”

I agree: It’s why I wrote about how poorly iTunes performs for classical music listeners and, really, for anyone with a large music library.

But it’s worth spending time on iTunes’s specific design problems, which surpass those raised by managing a music library or listening to a specific genre. Toxic hellstew it may be, a new version of iTunes points at what kinds of technology are allowed to come out of Apple.

Apple is the most valuable company in the world and an organization hailed for its good design. Why does iTunes fail at what it sets out to do?

Arment blames its failures on Apple’s decision to cram too many different features into one piece of software.

He believes the company should have discontinued iTunes, its media management service, and rolled out a new Apple Music app. (Arment doesn’t say whether this new app would also play MP3s.)

iTunes’s user interface follows from this poor strategy, too. Its “design is horrible […] not because it has bad designers, but because they’ve been given an impossible task: cramming way too much functionality into a single app while also making it look ‘clean,’” writes Arment.

Does this kind of failure—call it institutional cruft—appear in iTunes? I think absolutely. Let’s look at the app.

Look specifically at the horizontal navigation bar, which sits below the scrolling song title and the main window content. Because iTunes inserts a forward and back button to the far left in Apple Music and the iTunes Store, menu options in the bar will sometimes change location after you click them.

itunes nav bar

So if you’re in your own iTunes Library, then click on “For You,” you’ll find the entire navigation bar has shifted under your mouse: Your mouse is now hovering over “Playlists,” as the software has inserted forward and back buttons on the far left.

From a user-interface perspective, this doesn’t make any sense. Users expect that menu items in a navigation bar won’t change their location after they click on them. When you click on a bookmark in your browser’s navigation bar, all the bookmarks don’t suddenly shift around.

This messiness is as institutionally crufty as they come.

With Apple Music, iTunes’s designers had to find a way to navigate a web-y, browser-like environment in the main content area, and that requires back and forward buttons.

In a music library, though, the content area also needed to scroll through a stable list of MP3s. The designers couldn’t move the forward and backward bar any higher, into the playback area, because the logic of that area is that it’s all music control—and, besides, there’s already a forward-arrow and backward-arrow in there, on the left, which control tracks.

Jimmy Iovine Apple Music 2015 WWDC

iTunes had to serve two different purposes, so the forward and back buttons had to go in the navigation bar.

Keep looking at that bar, though, and I think a different kind of user-interface failure emerges: the kind that results from poor decisions. In other words, I wonder if iTunes’s failures can’t just be entirely blamed on Apple’s crufty, legacy obligations, but on a deeper inattentiveness in the company.

Focusing on that bar, here’s what sticks out to me: iTunes can’t decide how to address the user. The user’s MP3 library sits behind the menu title “My Music.” But Apple Music’s recommendation interface is accessed by clicking on “For You.”

Is the user “my” or “your”? Is iTunes an extension of the user or is it in conversation with them? Designers have thought about these issues before; Yahoo’s own interface guide suggests:

Labeling stuff with ‘My’ imitates the point of view of the user. It is as if the user has printed out labels and stuck them to various objects: My Lunch, My Desk, My Red Stapler. Except the user hasn't done this; you (the site) did it for them.

Labeling stuff with ‘Your’ instead reinforces the conversational dialogue. It is how another human being might address you when talking about your stuff. Even with MySpace, people say things like ‘I saw what you put on your MySpace.’

I’ve also seen financial apps use “your,” because a bank saying “my money” is a little weird. That $200 in my savings account isn’t yours, dude.

Which is all to say that this is a solved problem.

People have considered this, set precedents, and shipped software, yet here comes iTunes, from the most design-friendly company in the world, disregarding them.

And this isn’t the only odd microcopy choice: Apple Music, the company’s entire streaming archive of recorded music, is located at the menu item labeled “New.”

the atlantic new

That’s partly where Apple promotes new releases in an iTunes Music Store-like interface, but it’s also where searching for a record in Apple Music will send you.

Nearly everything in Apple Music—from a Thelonious Monk record from 1963 to a CHVRCHES single released last week—is conceptually located in “New.”

It doesn’t have to be this way. “For You” could be titled “Recommendations,” resolving the discrepancy.

It’s possible that these mistakes originated in institutional politics: Maybe Jimmy Iovine insisted, required, would get up right now and walk away from this stupid white plastic table if the recommendation system was called anything other than “For You.” (Apple did not respond to my interview requests.)

But I doubt it. It strikes me as an inferior design decision, arising from inattention.

It’s a minor problem, sure, and there are more pressing ones in the software.

I have seen Apple Music streams drop mid-play; other users have lost music with iTunes Match. But as Apple is never far from telling us, music is something about which they’re “profoundly passionate,” “a force that’s driven and inspired us from day one.”

The point of Apple’s design ethos is that making things a little better than they have to be, for the average user, is a form of respect. I hope that as Apple becomes less of a media-tech company and more of a jewelry maker, its leaders remember that.

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31 Jul 15:23

Here are 2 fonts that make your emails readable — and 2 you should never use

by Shana Lebowitz

staring at computer screenIn an ideal world, your email recipients would be moved more by the substance of your message than its aesthetic value.

But according to a recent article in Bloomberg, designers think certain fonts make a better impression in professional communications.

Here are two fonts they recommend using:

  • Georgia: Each letter written in this font has an additional stroke at the end. So it’s generally easier to read the individual characters.
  • Verdana: The shape of the letters in this font is more open than in fonts like Arial. There’s additional space between letters, and the spacing is more even.

Here are two fonts they suggest not using:

  • Helvetica: The letters are too close together, a type designer told Bloomberg. That makes it hard to read.
  • Arial: Font designers say it has “ambiguous” letter shapes (as in, the letters “b” and “d” are the same shape in reverse) that make it hard to read multiple words in a row.


email fonts

Arial and Helvetica are default fonts in many popular email clients, including Gmail and Apple Mail, but most font designers change the settings.

Meanwhile, one designer that spoke to Bloomberg advocates that organizations change their default font settings in order to make it easier for employees to read email.

SEE ALSO: 14 email etiquette rules every professional should know

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27 Jul 19:42

The music you like says a lot about how your brain processes information

by Lydia Ramsey

girl listening to music headphonesConfession: I've recently started getting into country music — a genre of music that used to make me want to change the radio station as fast as possible.

But as uncharacteristic as it is for me to delve into that genre, it makes sense for the way I react to the world around me, according to a recent study published in PLOS ONE.

In the study, researchers found that the types of music you like are linked to the way you process information.

The study was based off the idea that there are two ways people respond to their surroundings:

The first way is called empathizing, where someone is socially apt and can easily interact with those around them. The second way, called systemizing, describes a less sociable way of interaction where the individual interacts with others based on a pre-set notion of how they think they should act.

For example, when asked by a friend if their new hair cut looks good, a systemizer would tell the truth without considering their friend's feelings while an empathyzer would fudge the truth and saw what they thought would make their friend feel good. This type of systemizing is more common in men than women, according to a 2005 study.

In fact, this hypothetical haircut situation is one of the pyschological questions that psychologists from the University of Cambridge asked about 4,000 study subjets, who were recruited through a Facebook app.

First, the participants took a survey that asked psychological questions to determine whether they empathize, systemize, or had a balance of the two. To figure that out, participants answered questions like "I always get emotional while watching movies" with strongly disagree, disagree, agree, or strongly agree.

To rule out predispositions to certain types of music, they asked the participants to evaluate 50 songs from 26 genres and subgenres.

They found that empathic people tended to like mellow, unpretentious or contemporary tunes such as Norah Jones' "Come away with me" or Jeff Buckley's "Hallelujah." This kind of music included country and folk songs, which is most likely where my recent obsession with country music factors in.  

The songs could express negative emotions or be a trendy techno song — the empathizers were into it. But, ask the empathizers to listen to punk or heavy metal, and their reactions weren't as favorable.

Systemizing people, on the other hand, tended to like high-energy music that conveyed positive emotions. Songs with a fair amount of complexity, like a complicated piece of classical music. People whose answers didn't have a clear distinction between systemizer or empathizer tended to have a mix of both music tastes.

Here's a graph of what kind of music empathizers (Type E), systemizers (Type S) or balanced (Type B) liked. The more positive the score, the more that group of people liked that particular musical characteristic. The more negative the score, the more people of certain groups disliked that musical characteristic.


The mean age of the people involved in the study were around their mid-twenties, but some participants were as old as 61. The researchers controlled for gender and age. Even with gender and age playing a role, the connection between empathizer/sympathizer type and taste in music was still strong.

Knowing what types of music people like based on how they process information could be important information for companies like Spotify and Apple Music. "By knowing an individual's thinking style, such services might in future be able to fine tune their music recommendations to an individual," lead researcher David Greenberg said in a news release.

Interested in seeing if your thinking style matches your taste in music? Here's a quiz that can help you determine whether you empathize, systemize, or do a little of both.

READ NEXT: Science says these 2 personality traits predict whether you'll be a successful leader

CHECK OUT: Scientists discovered the personality trait that creative geniuses often share

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15 Jul 13:29

An Iranian blogger who spent 6 years in prison has a dire warning about the future of the web (AAPL)

by Rob Price

Hossein Derakhshan

An Iranian blogger has described what it was like being introduced to the internet for the first time after spending six years in prison and why we should be worried about the changes that have occurred in the last decade. 

Nicknamed the "blogfather" for his work in advocating for the blog format, Derakhshan was one of Iran's most high-profile bloggers, and lived in Canada for eight years prior to his return to Iran in 2008 and subsequent arrest and sentencing. "I opened my laptop and posted to my new blog. This, though, was the first time in six years. And it nearly broke my heart," he writes in a piece for Matter.

Hossein Derakhshan was sentenced to 19 years in prison in November 2008 for "conspiring with hostile governments, spreading propaganda against the Islamic system, spreading propaganda in favour of counter-revolutionary groups, blasphemy, and creating and managing obscene websites," according to the BBC. He was finally released in November 2014, and quickly found that the internet was very different than before he was put behind bars. 

"Six years is a long time to be in jail, but it's an entire era online," he said, noting the "seismic shift in how people consume media."

Derakhshan's blog had an audience of 20,000 people each day in 2008, but even he points out how sparse the social media landscape was at that time: "There were no real apps, certainly not how we think of them today. There was no Instagram, no SnapChat, no Viber, no WhatsApp. Instead, there was the web, and on the web, there were blogs: the best place to find alternative thoughts, news and analysis," Derakhshan writes. 

After his release, Derakhshan discovered that social networks were now king. As a result, the internet was profoundly more "linear, passive, programmed and inward-looking," much like television, he says.

Hyperlinks have become devalued, as Facebook and its rivals try to encourage users to spend more time on its site. We're currently seeing the clearest indication of this trend yet, with Mark Zuckerberg's social media giant now natively hosting news articles on its platform so its users never have to venture to the outside web.

This nominally provides a smoother experience for users, but Derakhshan fears this is to the detriment of what the web was originally designed as, and what it could be. The reliance on algorithmic "streams" to provide relevant information to users "doesn’t just make vast chunks of the Internet biased against quality — it also means a deep betrayal to the diversity that the world wide web had originally envisioned."

He goes on: "The web was not envisioned as a form of television when it was invented. But, like it or not, it is rapidly resembling TV: linear, passive, programmed and inward-looking."

This reliance on social media is a constant concern for those in the media, who risk effectively surrendering their means of distribution to the opaque algorithms of private tech companies. Facebook in particular is responsible for upwards of 50% of traffic for many media companies. 

However, Derakhshan's concerns relate more to the experience of the web for the users themselves. The malaise he identifies is similar to what is known as the "filter bubble" the phenomenon where Google, Facebook, etc.'s algorithms identify what a user (apparently) likes and uses that to guide what content it shows them — thereby hiding vast swathes of content deemed uninteresting, placing the user in a "bubble." 

Read Hossein Derakhshan's full article here »

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13 Jul 14:41

Facebook's chief security officer follows Steve Jobs' lead and calls for an end to Adobe Flash

by Cale Guthrie Weissman

Kill Adobe Flash guns

In 2010, Steve Jobs famously wrote a pages-long manifesto about why he would not allow Adobe Flash to work on Apple mobile devices.

"We don’t want to reduce the reliability and security of our iPhones, iPods, and iPads by adding Flash," the Apple CEO firmly stated.

Five years later, further clues backing up Jobs' security warning continue to persist. Now, Facebook’s new chief security officer, Alex Stamos, has stated publicly that he wants to see Adobe end Flash once and for all. 

On Twitter this weekend Stamos — formally of Yahoo, now at Facebook — tweeted the following: 

It is time for Adobe to announce the end-of-life date for Flash and to ask the browsers to set killbits on the same day.

— Alex Stamos (@alexstamos) July 12, 2015

Stamos' call for the end of Flash likely has to do with a great deal of new Flash-related revelations. Following the highly-publicized Hacking Team hack, which saw a major surveillance company’s files completely leaked online, a slew of new vulnerabilities have been disclosed relating to Adobe’s Flash player. 

Adobe has patched these issues, but still more vulnerabilities continue to arise. In fact, as soon as Adobe announced it had patched a few issues, more were disclosed — at least 20 were discovered in the last week alone.

Adobe has been actively working to fix these issues, but Flash seems to be extremely targeted by hackers and it’s likely to not stop. It has been going on for years.

Security blogger Graham Cluley agrees with Stamos. He writes, "The truth is that the company would probably gain a lot more respect from the internet community if it worked towards this ultimate fix for the Flash problem, rather than clinging on to the belief that it might be able to one day make Flash secure."

People in this camp believe the answer to be for Adobe to kill off the player, but with ample warning. This is because not only do most major browers support the player, but many smaller companies' entire web programs rely on Flash.

But once a 'kill-off date' is announced, everyone can transition toward more secure and open options like HTML5. Facebook, for instance, uses both Flash and HTML5, depending on browser preferences.

Of course, if such a end-of-life date for Adobe Flash were to be announced, it would certainly cause a lot of tumult. Smaller companies and organizations without the resources of Facebook-like behemoths would have to totally rethink their web design.

But perhaps a clean break with a fair amount of warning is the only way to make for a safer internet. At least that’s what people like Stamos think.

SEE ALSO: One company thinks Hacking Team's massive breach may bring about some good

SEE ALSO: The insane ways your phone and computer can be hacked — even if they're not connected to the internet

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24 Jun 09:44

The one crucial reason Apple Music and Spotify can never replace your music collection

by Rob Price

Vinyl record shop

There is a fundamental problem with music streaming services like Spotify or Apple Music.

It's not that streaming music often fails to properly value artists' work — although there have been grumblings about the amounts paid out by Spotify to rights-holders for years.

And it's not the overall cost of a lifetime of a streaming service, although Apple founder Steve Jobs hated streaming services for exactly this reason. In one of his famous keynote speeches, he once railed against the idea of "renting" music, arguing that you end up paying for your favourites songs thousands of times over.

It's not even the limited selection of music on there, although even the best and most comprehensive streaming service is unable to acquire the rights to everything you might want to listen to.

Permanence is everything.

Let's imagine for a second, that Spotify goes on living for another 30 years. That's a pretty long time for any company to stick around — especially in an industry as volatile and prone to disruption as the intersection of music and technology.

Barring any unfortunate accidents, that would make me 53 when the company finally closes its doors in 2045. And then what happens? My entire music collection, painstakingly built over three decades of careful listening — gone forever.

daniel ek spotify 1Music is not like a film, or a book, that you consume perhaps half a dozen times at most. It makes up the backdrop to your life. Whether it's the early teenage freedom that accompanied The Killers' "Jenny Was A Friend Of Mine," or the "Indecision" by Sampha soundtracking a period of listless post-graduation melancholy — music is linked to almost every major moment of my existence. And just listening can take me back at any moment.

When you're "renting" your music, the problem isn't that you're paying for your favourite music thousands of times over. It's that you have no control over it. You could lose it at any time, through no fault of your own. In 20 years, CEO Tim Cook's successor at Apple could decide the company needs to tighten its belt, and wipe out 100 million people's libraries overnight. That uncertainty undermines music's most powerful quality — that it's a concrete link to the past.

Of course, the alternative — owning your music — has its own problems. It's expensive, and takes up significant amounts of storage space. Music streaming also offers powerful convenience — so much so that I'll admit that I will sometimes use Spotify when I'm out and about.

And, with owned music, there's always the risk that you lose the hard drive your collection is stored on — and with it your years of careful work. Spotify, Apple Music, Tidal et al don't have this problem (though the risks can be mitigated through careful backing up).

So, yes, ownership of music isn't perfect. But ultimately, when I'm old and looking back upon my life, I'll want my music collection more than ever. And the custodianship of that is not a responsibility I'm willing to grant Apple — or anyone else.

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18 Jun 18:46

5 surprising lessons a psychologist learned from interviewing killers for 20 years

by Chris Weller

mentally disturbed

James Garbarino has made a living crawling into people's psyches.

Which is to say, he interviews criminals before appearing as a witness to give expert testimony in their trials.

Earlier this year, the Loyola University psychologist published a book tying these experiences together, entitled "Listening to Killers: Lessons Learned from My Twenty Years as a Psychological Expert Witness in Murder Cases." 

We spoke to Garbarino to get a better sense of the side of killers that most people never see.

Here are the lessons:

1. Murderers rarely fit the mold of "monsters."

In sitting down with stone-cold killers, Garbarino says he's learned that underneath the many layers of violent and sociopathic tendencies is usually a person who simply needs help.

"If you can sit across from them as another human being, their humanity can be striking," he said.

On one occasion, he interviewed a man who by anyone else's definition would have been terrifying, but revealed to Garbarino that he cries himself to sleep most nights. 

Oftentimes, Garbarino says these moments get him seeing the world from the murderers' point of view, understanding their thought processes and sensing the moral dilemmas they've faced on the path leading up to the crime.

Which leads into the next fallacy...

2. There's no such thing as a "senseless killing."

Each crime has its own logic, Garbarino says. Even if the outside world can't see it.

That doesn't absolve criminals of the horrible things they do, he concedes. But it should help illuminate an important back story lurking in the criminals' psychology. Maybe he can understand where things went wrong.

Garbarino offers the example of a gang initiation. Upon entering the gang, many inductees prove their worth by killing a random victim. They're told to give the victim a choice between getting stabbed to death or getting shot. 

"That is so far from a choice that any of us would have to make," Garbarino says. 

Ultimately, that distance makes it harder for people to understand how high the stakes really are. Kids typically join gangs for protection, but the barriers to entry are so grisly and gruesome that the general public only sees the effect.

By then, any cause — however justified to the criminal — is irrelevant.

3. Murderers are profoundly damaged.

It isn't evil that drives people to kill. Instead, killers are driven by devastating histories of trauma, Garbarino says. 

In each interview he conducts, Garbarino asks the criminal a set of 10 questions designed to learn about abuse, domestic violence, and other perils of childhood. Formally, the diagnostic test is known as the Adverse Childhood Experience scale.

Most of the general population will score a 0 or  1 — the healthiest scores you can get.

"When I ask these questions of guys in these murder cases, it's rare that you get anybody less than eight," Garbarino says. "And it's very common to get nine or ten."

Garbarino likens the experience to shark attacks. No one would fault a 25-year-old who can't walk because he got his leg torn off by a great white when he was five and never received physical therapy or a prosthesis, he says. Many murderers go through the same debilitating hardships.

"For a lot of these guys, it's as if they've had psychological shark attacks. It takes a big hunk out of you," he says. "And I think it has to be taken into account in understanding why the violence happens and what to do for and about the guys who do it."

4. The worst criminals can be the most capable of change.

Garbarino says the magnitude of the crime doesn't always predict how responsive a murderer will be to rehabilitation. Especially for adolescents, it isn't farfetched to describe several violent years as a "high-stakes phase." 

"I don't mean to trivialize the crime, but there is a sense in which it's phase-like or stage-specific," he says. 

In the book, Garbarino recounts the story of a teenager who plotted a Columbine-like school massacre. Prosecutors wanted to try him as an adult, which would have tacked on decades to his sentence for numerous counts of pre-meditated murder. But Garbarino successfully pushed for him to be tried as a juvenile.

As a result, the teen went back to high school after only a couple years, joined the army, rose through the ranks, got married, and had a family.

"He got through that crazy phase," Garbarino says, "and instead of [the state] spending millions of dollars to incarcerate him, he became an upstanding citizen. And that is possible more times than people realize."

5. Evaluations are incredibly draining.

"It takes a toll on the professionals who enter into these lives, to sit with so much suffering and so much trauma," Garbarino says.

He says he finds himself turning to his spiritual life to help cope. Without it, he fears he'd succumb to "vicarious traumatization" and basically absorb pieces of the tragedies that he hears about.

"I didn't set out to do this," he says, pointing to his initial international work with underprivileged children. "In fact, after the first five years I had to take a break for a year because it was just too much, and I re-approached it later on."

SEE ALSO: 11 Ex-Criminals Who Completely Turned Their Lives Around

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