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No matter what anybody tells you, words and ideas can change the world.
We don’t read and write poetry because it’s cute. We read and write poetry because we are members of the human race. And the human race is filled with passion. And medicine, law, business, engineering, these are noble pursuits and necessary to sustain life. But poetry, beauty, romance, love, these are what we stay alive for.
(Dead Poets Society, 1989)Me
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Ainda em 2007, escrevi sobre a história do juiz Antonio Marreiros da Silva Melo Neto.
Vou refrescar a memória dos leitores: ele é um que queria obrigar o funcionário de seu condomínio a chamá-lo de “doutor” e “senhor”. Como não conseguiu fazer isso por meio da simpatia, pura e simples, apelou à máquina do judiciário (que conhece bem, por ser juiz), para tentar obter o tratamento à força.
Lá foi o juiz Marreiros entrar para a história do judiciário brasileiro, como um desexemplo. Não sei quanto a vocês, mas me lembrarei para sempre do nome dele. E, se um dia vier a encontrá-lo em minha frente, farei questão de chamá-lo de “você” — ou, mais mineiramente, de “cê”. Acho o caso tão anedótico e, ao mesmo tempo, tão absurdo, por chegar à mais alta esfera do judiciário — o STF — depois de longos dez anos de tomada de tempo e dinheiro do nosso sistema judiciário, que tenho convicção de que ele deve ser estudado nas boas escolas de direito do país. Se não é, pelo menos vale um belo post para este blog. Recomendo a leitura até o fim, queridos leitores, porque trata-se de uma verdadeira fábula:
CAPÍTULO 1 – DA BRIGA DE CONDOMÍNIO
Tudo começou com um vazamento no prédio. Ele pediu a ajuda do porteiro para resolver o problema, que, por não ter a autorização da síndica, negou o socorro. Os dois discutiram e o porteiro passou a chamar Marreiros sempre de “você” e “cara”, enquanto chamava a síndica de “dona” (daí surge a ofensa maior, reparem bem!). Como se vê na própria apelação do juiz, ele chegou a interfonar para o porteiro e insistir em várias ocasiões que fosse chamado de “senhor” e “doutor”. O empregado, antipatizado, respondeu: “Não vou te chamar de senhor não, cara!” e acrescentou: “Fala sério!”. Marreiros retrucou que “não é cidadão comum, mas juiz”. Pneus de seu carro começaram a aparecer furados. Enfim, típico barraco de condomínio.
CAPÍTULO 2- DO COLEGA QUE CONCORDOU COM O JUIZ
Inconformado com as ofensas do displicente porteiro e com o dar-de-ombros da síndica, Marreiros decidiu entrar com uma ação na Justiça, em setembro de 2004 — um mês depois do início das discussões — pedindo para ser tratado por “senhor” e “doutor”, sob pena de multa diária que seria fixada, e pedindo ainda indenização por danos morais, a ser paga pela síndica e pelo condomínio, no valor de no mínimo 100 salários mínimos (o que, em valores de hoje, daria mais de R$ 70 mil). Leia a petição inicial dele.
A juíza Simone Ramalho Novaes, da 7ª Vara Cível de São Gonçalo, negou o pedido de liminar, e Marreiros recorreu. Na segunda instância, o desembargador Gilberto Dutra Moreira concordou com Marreiros e concedeu a liminar, decidindo:
“Tratando-se de magistrado, cuja preservação da dignidade e do decoro da função que exerce, e antes de ser direito do agravante, mas um dever e, verificando-se dos autos que o mesmo vem sofrendo, não somente em enorme desrespeito por parte de empregados subalternos do condomínio onde reside, mas também verdadeiros desacatos, mostra-se, data vênia, teratológica a decisão do juízo a quo ao indeferir a antecipação de tutela pretendida. Isto posto, defiro-a de plano. Oficie-se, inclusive solicitando as informações e indagando sobre o cumprimento do art. 526, do CPC. Intimem-se os agravados para contra-razões, por carta.”
Na época, o presidente da OAB-RJ, Octávio Augusto Brandão Gomes, repudiou a decisão, dizendo: “Todos nós somos seres humanos. Ninguém nessa vida é melhor do que o outro só porque ostenta um título, independente de ter o primeiro ou segundo grau completo ou curso superior”.
Apesar disso, em março de 2005, a 9ª Câmara Cível do TJ confirmou a decisão do desembargador Gilberto Dutra Moreira, por 2 votos a 1.
CAPÍTULO 3 – DA AULA DE BOM SENSO
Pouco depois, em maio de 2005, Marreiros teve sua primeira grande derrota: o juiz Alexandre Eduardo Scisinio, da 9ª Vara Cível de Niterói, foi decidir o mérito da ação, não só a antecipação de tutela (que tinha sido favorável a Marreiros até então). E sua decisão foi um poço de sabedoria e bom senso. Ela pode ser lida na íntegra AQUI, mas seguem alguns trechos:
“Embora a expressão “senhor” confira a desejada formalidade às comunicações — não é pronome —, e possa até o autor aspirar distanciamento em relação a qualquer pessoa, afastando intimidades, não existe regra legal que imponha obrigação ao empregado do condomínio a ele assim se referir.”
“O empregado que se refere ao autor por “você”, pode estar sendo cortês, posto que “você” não é pronome depreciativo. Isso é formalidade, decorrente do estilo de fala, sem quebra de hierarquia ou incidência de insubordinação.”
“Tratamento cerimonioso é reservado a círculos fechados da diplomacia, clero, governo, judiciário e meio acadêmico”
“Mas na relação social não há ritual litúrgico a ser obedecido. Por isso que se diz que a alternância de “você” e “senhor” traduz-se numa questão sociolingüística, de difícil equação num país como o Brasil de várias influências regionais. Ao Judiciário não compete decidir sobre a relação de educação, etiqueta, cortesia ou coisas do gênero, a ser estabelecida entre o empregado do condomínio e o condômino, posto que isso é tema interna corpore daquela própria comunidade.”
UM BREVE PARÊNTESIS
(Se ele realmente tivesse conseguido uma decisão judicial favorável, de que adiantaria? Será que o funcionário iria cumpri-la? Se não cumprisse, ainda mais antipatizado com o magistrado depois dessa peleja jurídica, quem o iria punir? Ele seria preso? Multado? O juiz andaria com um gravador para mostrar que ele descumpriu a determinação? E quantos anos depois conseguiria a execução da “pena”? Enfim, fico só a pensar.)
Marreiros ficou inconformado com esta sentença e apelou para o TJ de novo, dizendo que a conduta da síndica é “pior do que um soco na face”. Perdeu. Em 2006, enviou Recurso Extraordinário ao STF, dizendo que o caso diz respeito à Constituição “por envolver os princípios da dignidade da pessoa humana e da igualdade”.
No dia 22 de abril de 2014, o ministro Ricardo Lewandowski, do Supremo, pôs fim à novela, negando o pedido de Marreiros, apenas poucos dias depois de o STF julgar o caso de um ladrão de galinhas que já havia até devolvido as aves furtadas. Leia a decisão de Lewandowski.
MORAIS DA HISTÓRIA
1) Nosso sistema judiciário precisa de reforma urgente. Não é cabível que se despenda esforço, equipe, dinheiro e tempo (dez anos!) para julgar uma rixa de condomínio. Não é cabível que se despenda o mesmo por um furto de galinhas. Num Brasil de mensalões petistas e tucanos, de operações lava-jatos, castelos de areia, satiagrahas, sanguessugas, navalhas, caixas de pandora, etc ad nauseam, não é possível que nosso judiciário tenha que perder tempo para acalmar o incômodo de um juiz que ficou #chatiado.
2) O juiz Marreiros terá que se conformar em ser chamado de você. Ou pode fazer duas coisas:
Leia os posts relacionados:
The Wall Street Journal says Google is considering giving a boost in its search-engine results to websites that use encryption.
Is Google being a bully? Are they a force for good? I’m not sure it matters. What concerns me is the idea that a company is now so powerful and influential that it can force the rest of us on the internet to make decisions that may or may not be in our best interests.
I know a lot of people lost their faith in the company when they dropped Google Reader. But I think we all more or less understand why it happened. I recently got one of those calls confirming recent credit card transactions and they described Google as an advertising company. Nothing about technology or the internet.
Google’s power comes from the fact that, to a very large extent, they control what people see on the Internet. They create the system and they game the system to their own ends. They offer a service for free to the end user- provided they can make money off that service.
It is probably inevitable that almost all technologies we depend on for our online experience will be heavily influenced by a few powerful organizations. The question is, where does that influence and control end?
Here’s a useful thought experiment. Imagine that Google takes away search results. Search may seem like the company’s essential function. But why does Google have to keep serving up search results from the Internet? Very few people look beyond the first couple results anyway.
Why wouldn’t a company in a position of almost total control serve up nothing but sponsored content if they could? Or just content only from sites that jump through their hoops. (Content from unencrypted sites would almost never be seen if Google changes its algorithm to de-value their content.)
In fact, Google would probably make more money than they already do if they took this approach. The idea that a search engine doesn’t show search results isn’t too far fetched once you think about it. No different than Facebook neglecting to show you posts from a person or company that you follow.
I don’t expect everyone to trust me or assume that we have their best interests at heart. We want people to gravitate to the Old Reader because it gives them what they ask for. It’s not altruism- it’s just how the open web works. We will certainly make decisions about how to run the service that not everyone will agree with.
Critics have said that RSS has not always been as consumer-friendly as social media. But what is more user-friendly than giving you exactly what you want to see, and not what a single company wants you to see? That’s how the Internet is supposed to work.
By its very nature, The Old Reader is not a closed system and will never have the kind of concentrated market power to control what you see. The very nature of RSS is that it delivers the content that you request.
We don’t need some Advertising firm telling us how to consume or construct our web. Do we?
The city of Portland, OR will empty a 38-million gallon reservoir after a teenager allegedly urinated in it, according to the Associated Press. It's the second time in three years that Portland is flushing its Mount Tabor reservoir after a urine-related incident.
The reservoir is open-air and sits exposed to all of nature, leading many parties to question how necessary a draining would be, or how polluted 38 million gallons of water can really be by a single man's urine.
David Shaff, Portland's water bureau administrator, reserves a special disgust specifically for human urine. In 2011, when Shaff drained the reservoir following a urination, he reasoned to the Portland Mercury, "Do you want to be drinking someone's pee?… There's probably no regulation that says I have to be doing it but, again, who wants to be drinking pee?" This time around, Shaff wrote in a statement, "Our customers have an expectation that their water is not deliberately contaminated."
Much has been said about the fact that our culture is experiencing an unprecedented era of nerd domination. Within this newfound hierarchy of nerd popularity, cartographers must rank pretty high; how else can you explain the huge influence of highly-detailed maps of fictionalized places that are slowly taking over the Internet? Lord Of The Rings’ Middle Earth got an interactive site, Hunger Games’ Panem was charted, and Doctor Who’s TARDIS popped up on Google Maps. While there’s already been a detailed breakdown of Westeros’ geological history, the Game Of Thrones setting now has its own interactive map that brings fictional cartography to a whole new level.
This highly-interactive fan-made site allows users to zoom into Westeros or zoom out for some perspective on the world of Thrones. Clicking on a town or city will conveniently send users to the Game Of Thrones wiki. The map has information about ...
The feature, which Google is rolling out to the web version of Maps today, generally stays out of the way unless you want to go back in time. If you’re viewing a location with earlier recorded images, there’s now an hourglass and a slider in the top left of the screen that shows you the month and year. Dial it back and it sweeps to that copy stored on Google’s servers, almost as if you were clicking on a location just up the road.
The result is a kind of time warp that can show you months' and years' worth of human ingenuity, and just as quickly show it erased following a disaster or new construction project. With Street View now recording more than 6 million miles across 55 countries, there are a lot of those.
"We have built this very complicated graph of imagery through time and space," says Luc Vincent, the director of engineering for Street View. He says the option to go back and forth through time was the most requested by Google Maps users, who have been hounding the company to add it for years. This was primarily for simple things, like seeing older images of their house, school, or neighborhood. "People would say, ‘My house, can you please preserve it? Because I like it this way,’" Vincent told The Verge. "We can show you everything now."
Google is creating so much data, in fact, Vincent says the current iteration of Time Machine is intentionally dialing back what people see. The smallest interval of time you can jump to is a month, even if Google’s gone through and captured Street View recordings more frequently. That’s not a normal occurrence for most places, Vincent says, but there are places like Google’s campus, and major cities where Street View cars are recording more than once a month, sometimes even several times a week.
Algorithms pick the best looking images to show you
Vincent says the company’s using an algorithm designed to pick the best imagery from the data that’s collected each month. It goes through the images the company has captured and weeds out sets that tend to have a lot of motion blur, or that have particularly bad weather.
But expanding the recordings to what Vincent refers to as "slices" has opened up new avenues for the company to show off Street View imagery it once kept to itself. That includes roads with shoulders heaped with snow, drenched dark forests, or simply alternate views of familiar places. "We can show you Times Square at night," Vincent says, a first for the service that overwhelmingly prefers clear blue skies. "When we chose the image, the freshest imagery is typically the best … now you don’t have to make a choice."
One wrinkle in all this is that the physical location of roads changes over time, either by human interaction or mother nature. In the case of the movement from the 9.0 earthquake, for instance, roads and buildings that were in one place when Google was first there, were at new GPS coordinates when they went through again. That’s been preserved in Time Machine, Vincent says.
"It’s not a bug; after the earthquake, the ground shifted by 3 meters. Everything else is from the same geo-coordinates," Vincent says. "It was the same thing with Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans."
Vincent and company hope Time Machine will be more than just a way to gawk at before and after photos of disasters, and perhaps become a tool for planning travel. They imagine people using it when planning a vacation to somewhere they’ve never been in order to see what it looks like during that particular time of year.
Google won’t initially offer Time Machine for indoor imagery of buildings, or on trails, something it’s captured using its special Trekker backpack. It also won’t be available from the get-go on mobile devices. Vincent made no promises on timing short of saying that the company was working on it. With that said, Street View on the go is often meant as a way to get your bearings on what’s around you now, not years ago. But that behavior, just like images of the world Google is capturing, might ultimately change.
"We’ve been driving 3D cars for more than seven years," Vincent says. "It was totally different from what it is now."
Even if the result didn't live up to expectations, Netflix deserves some credit for realizing the dreams of Arrested Development fans and bringing the show back for a fourth season. With that chapter closed (for now), the company is set to continue its relationship with creator Mitch Hurwitz. According to Deadline, it's managed to sign a multi-year deal with Hurwitz, which will see him both create and produce new shows for the streaming service. “It is incredibly inspiring to get to produce for Netflix, a company that not only doesn’t resist change, but is leaps and bounds ahead of everyone in forging it,” Hurwitz said in a statement.
Netflix has spent huge chunks of cash to guarantee itself exclusive rights to content, but rarely pursues lengthy deals with showrunners. So this agreement is evidence of the company's faith in Hurwitz — even after The New York Times described season four as a public "execution" of Arrested Development that led the show "down a bad path." Hurwitz will also serve as an executive producer on other Netflix shows and as a consultant for the company's future comedy efforts. "The fact that I’m also getting one month of their streaming right to my TV or Xbox free, well, it really takes the sting out of buying that Xbox," Hurwitz added.
Wired tells the story of two artists, Kyle McDonald and Brian House, who wanted to experiment with surveillance. The pair installed simple Wi-Fi-enabled recording devices in lamps at McDonalds, a library, a bedroom, a bank, and in New York's Washington Square Park. The recordings are sent to Mechanical Turk workers, who have been transcribing and posting them to Twitter for almost seven months.
Most of the captured conversations are mundane: thoughts like "Socks, I need socks," and "How's the weather looking for today? Hopefully good after the last week of this." But occasionally the conversations sound like something you might be sensitive about if it were you. "I'm going insane being so cautious with money." "She sounds like a keeper, honestly. You just have to let her know you want it to be serious." "For the tenth time, it's because my boss doesn't like me, I've told you this already!"
The project is called Conversnitch, and it's meant to make people paranoid about being listened to. "What does it mean to deploy one of these in a library, a public square, someone’s bedroom? What kind of power relationship does it set up?" House tells Wired. "And what does this stream of tweets mean if it’s not set up by an artist but by the U.S. government?"
Science-fiction adventure hero Flash Gordon may be heading back to the big screen for the first time in decades. According to The Hollywood Reporter, Twentieth Century Fox has picked up the rights to Flash Gordon and is having writers behind the script for Star Trek 3, J.D. Payne and Patrick McKay, create a screenplay for the comic book series' new adaptation. The film's producer will reportedly be John Davis — who previously was a producer on Predator and, more recently, Chronicle. Bourne Ultimatum writer George Nolfi reportedly wrote the film's treatment for Payne and McKay to work off of.
There's no word on how closely the film will follow Gordon's traditional story, which has him haplessly end up on an alien planet battling its oppressive ruler. The Reporter says various studios have been trying to create a new Flash Gordon series for some time now, but this one appears to have the pieces in place that should keep it moving. In particular, it reports that Davis worked has been working to secure the rights for over a year, so the team involved clearly has the interest.
This week's episode of Cosmos tackles the Rock of Ages, the age of rocks and getting the lead out of our commitment to the environment. The episode takes the form of a fable, a cautionary tale about the dangers of letting any institution, but most especially science, fall into the clutches of the Argument From Authority and the ulterior motives of self-declared experts.
Art not only saves lives, it casts ripples, as Kurt Vonnegut surely knew when he replied—at length—to five New York City high school students who’d contacted him as part of a 2006 English assignment. (The identities of the other authors selected for this honor are lost to time, but not one had the courtesy to respond except Vonnegut.)
Dear Xavier High School, and Ms. Lockwood, and Messrs Perin, McFeely, Batten, Maurer and Congiusta:
I thank you for your friendly letters. You sure know how to cheer up a really old geezer (84) in his sunset years. I don’t make public appearances any more because I now resemble nothing so much as an iguana.
What I had to say to you, moreover, would not take long, to wit: Practice any art, music, singing, dancing, acting, drawing, painting, sculpting, poetry, fiction, essays, reportage, no matter how well or badly, not to get money and fame, but to experience becoming, to find out what’s inside you, to make your soul grow.
Seriously! I mean starting right now, do art and do it for the rest of your lives. Draw a funny or nice picture of Ms. Lockwood, and give it to her. Dance home after school, and sing in the shower and on and on. Make a face in your mashed potatoes. Pretend you’re Count Dracula.
Here’s an assignment for tonight, and I hope Ms. Lockwood will flunk you if you don’t do it: Write a six line poem, about anything, but rhymed. No fair tennis without a net. Make it as good as you possibly can. But don’t tell anybody what you’re doing. Don’t show it or recite it to anybody, not even your girlfriend or parents or whatever, or Ms. Lockwood. OK?
Tear it up into teeny-weeny pieces, and discard them into widely separated trash recepticals [sic]. You will find that you have already been gloriously rewarded for your poem. You have experienced becoming, learned a lot more about what’s inside you, and you have made your soul grow.
God bless you all!
Vonnegut’s kind wishes and Yoko Ono-esque prompt have been widely disseminated on the Internet, which is no doubt where students at Hove Park School in Brighton, East Sussex caught the scent. Working with a professional production company that specializes in narrative-driven work, they literalized the assignment in the video above, and while I might have preferred a sneak peek at the poems and drawings such a task might yield, pre-shredding, I loved how they acknowledged that not everyone heeds the call. (The casting of that one could have gone either way…wouldn’t be surprised if you told me that that boy has a punk band that would’ve ripped Vonnegut’s ears off.)
via Kate Rix
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