Major League Baseball teams started going yard on player contracts when Kevin Brown became baseball’s first nine-figure player in 1998. And by 2007, Alex Rodriguez signed a 10-year, $275m contract with the New York Yankees. But since 2015, MLB salaries have been in a slump.
With adjusted inflation even Bryce Harper (who signed a record 13-year, $330m deal with the Phillies this year) can’t match what the Yankees shelled out for A-Rod 12 years ago.
So why the small ball?
Blame Billy Beane
Over the years, clubs have fielded armies of statisticians who’ve realized it’s not always a home run to pay top dollar for top-level talent. Why swing for one when you can field an entire infield for the same price?
Now, many top players have lost interest in free agency, instead opting to sign extensions with their current teams for a set salary after their contracts expire.
The free agency curveball
In 2018, superstar Mike Trout stayed with the Anaheim Angels instead of testing the market. That led to the largest contract extension in baseball history.
Anyone else would’ve likely made more in free agency than by signing an extension — but if you get hurt when you’re about to become a free agent, you could lose out on the grand slam tickle.
The post Baseball stars are getting paid less than they were 10 years ago appeared first on The Hustle.
Algebra is the bane of many a student, but it is surprisingly useful when it comes to electronics. Sure, you can just memorize all the permutations of things like Ohm’s law. But it is better if you can remember one form and deduce the others on the fly.
There are many occasions where you — as our old Algebra teacher used to say — need to use what you know to get what you don’t know. The gold standard, of course, is a computer program called Mathematica. For home and student use, the software is “only” about $160-$600, but commercial versions range from about $1,000 to nearly $8,000. Of course, there are free alternatives, and the one we’re looking at today is Mathics. It will run in your browser or as a desktop application powered by Python, and it’s available for free.
The program does a nice job of displaying mathematical formulae and you can get an idea of its power by visit the online version. which has examples if you click the question-mark in the upper right and look for the fourth item down. There’s also a standalone version of the online help.
We did have a little trouble with some of the gallery examples timing out, as well as the site certificate being expired. We also had a bit of difficulty remembering the linear algebra classes we took a long time ago! If you want something easy to play with try this:
Don’t forget to press Shift+Enter in the browser to get the solution.
Under the hood, MathJax and SymPy do a lot of the heavy lifting. In fact, we imagine a lot of the program’s intended audience would wind up using Jupyter notebooks with Python underneath. Of course, there are copies of Wolfram software on stock Raspberry Pi’s, too.
Watch any news panel show these days, and you’ll see that things can very quickly become unruly. Guests compete for airtime by shouting over one another and attempting to derail their opponent’s talking points. [cutajar.sacha] had encountered this very problem in the workplace, and set about creating a solution.
The result is the Debatable Deliberator, and it combines the basics of “Talking Stick” practices with behavioural training through humiliation. Two participants each wear a headband, fitted with electronics. The holder of the magic ball may speak for as long as the timer counts down. If their opponent speaks during this time, their headband reprimands them with gentle slapping to the face. If the holder speaks over their assigned time, they are similarly treated to mechanical slapping.
It’s an amusing way to help police a discussion between two parties, and it’s all made possible with a trio of WeMos D1 ESP8266 boards. The headbands act as clients, while the ball acts as a server and keeps track of how many times each speaker has broken the rules.
WiFi projects such as this one have become much easier in the past few years with the wide availability of chips like the ESP8266. Of course, if you need more grunt, you can always upgrade to the ESP32.
Since 2009, State Bicycles has been making beautiful commuter-specific bikes. This one is ideal for the road.
We’re back for the fourth installment of our 15-minute workout series with fitness expert and lululemon Mindful Performance Manager Jian Pablico. (Make sure to check out the first, second, and third workouts if you missed them.)
These are no-nonsense workouts for when hours at the gym after a long workday just isn’t gonna fly. You can do them at home—no special equipment needed. Jian keeps it simple (warning: simple does not mean easy—Jian kicked our butts when we worked out with him) and designs his workouts to give you the most bang for your buck. Or, the most bang for your… fifteen minutes.
Give ‘em a try and let us know how you did.
This workout is called “Keeping it 300” because if you finish all the prescribed reps, it all equals 300 reps (note we said if). You may not finish the workout at your first go around but the best part is, you can have another go at a later date and you have some data (aka motivation) in order to inspire you to go further the next go around.
• 50 jump squats
• 50 alternating v situps
• 50 push-ups
• 50 lunges
• 50 mountain climbers
• 50 burpees
+ Every 3rd minute, sprint 200 meters (or a similar cardio exercise that that takes you about 30-45 seconds to complete). Start with the run, then run again at the three, six, nine, and 12-minute marks.
Set a timer and take your first sprint. After that, start chipping away at your reps in the order they’re listed above. Every three minutes, take another sprint and then get back to your reps where you left off. The goal is to finish all 300 reps before the 15 minutes expires. The faster you do the movements (with form and safety in mind), the faster you will finish the workout, and, the faster you run, the more time you have to finish your reps. Good luck!
(And if you need a refresher on keeping your form in top shape through all 50 push-ups, we’ve got Jian’s step-by-step guide to the basics below.)
HOW TO DO A JUMP SQUAT
1. Begin standing tall with feet shoulder-width apart
2. Squat down until your hips are level with your knees, while keeping your heels to the ground and spine straight
3. On the way back up, before reaching standing position, explode off the floor with a jump and land softly back into the next squat
HOW TO DO ALTERNATING V SITUPS
1. Begin lying down with shoulders, glutes, and legs on the ground
2. Using your core and balancing your weight on your glutes, simultaneously lift your right leg and left arm to touch left hand to right foot (or shins)
3. Using your core (not gravity) lower back down to starting position
4. Repeat movement with the opposite arm and leg
HOW TO DO A PUSH-UP
1. Start in an upper plank position, with your hands below shoulders and your core engaged
2. Keeping the core engaged and elbows in, lower your chest to the floor
3. Push back up to starting position
HOW TO DO A WALKING LUNGE
1. Begin from a standing position and make sure there is room to move forwards
2. Take a big step with one leg for the lunge
3. Lower your body until the back knee hovers just above the ground (be sure to keep your front knee above your ankle, not in front of it)
4. Bring the back leg forward to original standing position to count as a rep
5. Step the opposite leg for the next lunge
HOW TO DO MOUNTAIN CLIMBERS
1. Start in a high plank: shoulder over the wrists, core tight, glutes engaged
2. Take your right foot off the ground and using your core, bring the right knee up to gently touch the back of your right elbow for 1 repetition
3. Bring the right leg back to the original position
4. repeat with the left leg
HOW TO DO A BURPEE
1. Begin in a standing position with feet shoulder width apart
2. Lower your body into a squatting position while, at the same time, placing both hands on the floor in front of you (shoulders over the wrist like a push-up)
3. Kick both feet back so that you are in a plank
4. While keeping your body rigid, lower your chest for a push-up
5. Hop back up to position 2
6. Rise up to standing position and take a small hop—clap hands at the top of the jump to signify a rep well-done
We know, it’s been a while, but The Rundown is back. We’re kicking things off with our buddy, comedian Jay Larson, who just came out with a new podcast, Thruline. Jay’s got jokes, sure—but he’s also got suggestions on everything from his favorite tequila to which coffee maker will make you the most popular person in the office.
Life hack: An Arnold Palmer should be 70/30...iced tea/lemonade, guys.
Travel hack: Even if I’m Zone 6, I go with Zone 1 and make small talk with the attendant, “How are you this sweet this early in the morning?” And boom, I’m cozy in my seat.
If you had $500, how would you blow it on Huckberry?: Uuni 3 Bundle and Bunka Knife.
Splurge wine or beer or liquor: Casa Dragones Joven Tequila. Hands down the smoothest sipper in the tequila game.
New podcast you’re into: My new podcast the Thruline—Music, Comedy, Acting, Writing, Adventure, it has it all.
Favorite Huckberry Purchase: I stepped up and got the Ratio Eight Coffee Maker for my office and I’m kinda the man now.
Music or station to workto: Fleet Foxes radio on Spotify, I can’t stop
Most inspiring person you follow on Instagram: Bryan Callen, he just cracks me up.
Book that’s changed your behavior the most: The Four Agreements, I read it twice a year. It always resets me.
Netflix recommendation: Three Identical Strangers, it will literally blow your mind... three different times!
Next Huckberry purchase: I have Danner boots on the way so those don’t count, so next up I really want the Proof Nomad Pants.
Favorite new discovery: Transcendental Meditation. Completely changed my life.
Favorite place to wake up/fall asleep: Anywhere with my kids.
Favorite place to shower: Outdoors, if I could shower outdoors every day, I’d be a happy man.
Favorite Huckberry brand: Flint and Tinder’s Waxed Canvas Trucker is the best jacket I have ever owned.
>>Next: The Rundown: 3.11.2018
What’s the most important thing an outdoorsman can be? Resourceful. Whether it’s using Doritos as kindling or strapping your headlamp to a Nalgene for a makeshift lantern, hacks like these can make the difference when you’re deep in the backcountry (or even just car camping). Our favorite outdoor party trick? The beer can camp stove. That’s right, you can cook breakfast on your empty cans from last night. It costs nothing and actually holds up pretty well against other backpacking stoves because it’s so light (not to mention, it looks pretty badass). Read on for our step-by-step guide to turning your trash into dinner.
• Aluminum beer or soda
• Isopropyl alcohol
Choose your can and drink up. (Off the record: We knew this was the right project for us when the first step was to toss back a cold one.) When you’re done, clean out the can with water so it isn’t sticky.
Using your knife, you’re going to cut off the top surface of the can. Initially poking through can be tough, so go about it carefully. Then, cut around the rim, keeping it as close as possible for a wider mouth. Once the top is removed, we can use the side of our knife to bend back any of the sharp little burs that remain from the cutting.
Next, use your scissors to carefully cut the can in half. If the cut turns out a little crooked, just be sure to trim off any excess.
Next, on the top half of the can, you’re going to create channels for the flames. Place two fingers inside of the can, and use the back of our knife blade to crimp the can in the space between our fingers. It doesn’t take much pressure, so don’t overdo it. Once we have our first crimp, we’re going to repeat this step every finger-length so that they completely surround the can.
Now we place the crimped portion of the can into the bottom section. If your top section isn’t level, go ahead and trim. You’ll need your cooking surface to be flat.
Finally, somewhere along the top edge of our stove, poke a small “breather hole.” It doesn’t have to be pretty; it just has to let air reach the inside of the stove.
Using Your Stove
To fuel your stove, use isopropyl alcohol, or medical alcohol that can be purchased at any corner drug store or convenience store. Be sure the bottle is at least 90% alcohol, otherwise, the water content makes it too difficult to light. Pour some into the bottom of our stove. 1/4 inch is usually a good measurement to start with for something like coffee. If you decide to cook dinner, you’ll need to add more.
With the fuel in our stove, all we need to do is hold a lighter near the mouth to ignite the fuel. After giving the fire a few seconds to start, we can see the flames reach out of the stove from those side crimps. It’s at this point we can add our pot and cook.
Storing Your Stove
When hiking, things can get banged around, so we suggest storing your stove inside the pot you will use to boil water, and store your alcohol in a shatterproof, durable container to prevent leaks and spills.
Final step: Cook your buddies breakfast (we’ve got recipes for bacon bourbon pancakes and a classic hot toddy). Last night’s brew was good for more than just a hangover. Let us know how your beer can camp stove turns out, and if you’ve got crafty camping hacks of your own, comment below or tag us on Instagram.
OK, so this isn’t really a rocket. In the strictest definition, rockets are vehicles or projectiles that propel themselves through jettisoning mass, usually through the combustion of fuel. But with electric motors getting stronger and stronger, folks are building craft that look a lot more like rockets than airplanes. [Tom Stanton] is one such person (Youtube link, embedded below).
We’ve seen “electric rocket” builds before, but where others have used lithium batteries, [Tom] has used supercapacitors instead. Six supercaps are installed in a 3D printed mount, and supply power to a 500 W brushless outrunner motor which gives the rocket the thrust to climb into the sky.
In testing, [Tom] estimates the rocket was able to reach an altitude of approximately 60 m, or 200 ft. That’s not particularly astounding, but it does prove that supercaps can run a high current load in a real world situation. Additionally, their fast recharge rate allows [Tom] to make a repeat flights in just about the time it takes to repack the parachute. Video after the break.
Visit Uncrate for the full post.
Visit Uncrate for the full post.
Visit Uncrate for the full post.
Visit Uncrate for the full post.
Visit Uncrate for the full post.
Visit Uncrate for the full post.
Visit Uncrate for the full post.
On Saturday, a horse named Maximum Security won the Kentucky Derby — or so it appeared. But upon closer review, the result was overturned.
Maximum Security, which was a favorite to win the race with 9-2 odds, lost the title to a horse named Country House, which had 65-1 odds. The outcome shifted millions of dollars between bettors.
Bet you didn’t see that coming
In a tense, 20+ minute review process, race officials — called “stewards” — reviewed the video of the race and concluded that Maximum Security interfered with competitors.
Maximum Security’s disqualification — the first interference-based disqualification of an apparent victor in the 145-year history of the race — replaced a high likelihood winner with a longshot.
Lots of little losers and a few big winners
12x more people bet on Maximum Security than Country House.
But since Country House’s odd were the 2nd-longest in history, people who bet on Country House won big: $2.5k bets ended up paying $133k.
For some bettors, the result was a big deal. But for bookkeepers, it was business as usual.
The same percentage (17.5%) of overall bets placed ends up with vendors and prize purses no matter which horse wins: In this case, $2.9m of $16.56m.
The post The controversial Kentucky Derby finale created chaos for gamblers appeared first on The Hustle.
What Is a Zen Koan? An animated introduction to eastern philosophical thought experiments.
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How do you suppose your PC, smartphone, or tablet knows where to go when you type in a domain name like makeuseof.com? It’s not by magic—all internet connected devices make use of the domain name system, with DNS servers at its core.
But what is a DNS server, and how does it work to get you from A (a domain name) to B (the matching web server)? How do you know if your DNS server is responding properly or not? The system is designed to work without you even noticing, but it isn’t foolproof.
Let’s explain how DNS works, and what you should do if there’s a problem with your DNS server.
What Is a DNS Server?
There’s a reason that you, your neighbor, and your long-lost family abroad can all type a URL into your browser and see the same result. The domain name system is the foundation of the web, acting as a database of every single public-facing website.
A DNS server resolves an IP address for a web server and matches it to a domain name and host name (for www.google.com, the hostname would be www). The information is held in its entirety on 13 DNS root name server addresses, run by companies, government agencies, and universities. There are hundreds of matching root servers, hosted by these 13 organizations and sharing the same IP addresses across the globe for speed and reliability.
The reason for DNS is simple—it’s much easier for users to remember a domain name, like google.com, than they would an IP address.
For Google, that would be 18.104.22.168. If you hosted a website on your own server, you’d have to provide your own IP address if you weren’t using a free dynamic DNS provider or had a static IP address.
You’ll usually default to using the DNS servers provided by your ISP. You can also use public DNS servers to improve your safety online, like Google’s own public DNS servers at 22.214.171.124 and 126.96.36.199.
Why Might Your DNS Server Be Unavailable?
When your PC can’t find a domain name you’ve typed in, there could be a problem with your DNS server. Your DNS server might be unavailable because of a problem with the server, or a problem with connecting to that server (such as an internet outage).
If you’re using the DNS settings provided by your ISP, and you’re getting a DNS server not responding error, restart your router in the first instance. This may restore your connectivity to your DNS servers without any extra steps.
If that doesn’t work, resetting your DNS cache could help. On Windows, hit Win + X, select Windows PowerShell (Admin), then type:
On macOS, assuming you’re running El Capitan or later, open a terminal and type:
sudo dscacheutil -flushcache; sudo killall -HUP mDNSResponder
Linux-based operating systems don’t generally perform any DNS caching unless you’re using nscd. If you are, type the following:
sudo /etc/init.d/nscd restart
If all else fails, and your DNS server is unavailable for a long period of time, then it’s time to set your own.
Why You Should Set Your Own DNS Settings
In most cases, you aren’t forced to use the DNS servers that you default to using with your internet connection. You can set your device to use alternative DNS servers if you’d prefer.
As we’ve mentioned, changing your DNS server can be a good way to protect yourself online. For parents, changing your DNS servers to a provider like OpenDNS can help you with filtering against adult content and malware.
One of the biggest reasons for changing your DNS server settings, however, is for speed. A few additional seconds of loading time for each page can start to add up—you can reclaim that time by changing your DNS settings to a quicker provider. Your ISP DNS servers (depending on your provider) might be poorly maintained, resulting in a noticeable slowdown, even with a fast internet connection.
It also helps to change your DNS settings if the servers you’re using aren’t reliable and frequently go down.
If you’re thinking about using a VPN, you might also want to change your DNS server settings from those provided by your ISP. You’ll also want to set up a VPN connection in Windows to use DNS leak protection properly. If you don’t, DNS leaks might reveal your identity to snooping authorities.
The Dangers of DNS Malware
DNS spoofing (or DNS cache poisoning) can be a way for malware creators to manipulate the domain name system to benefit themselves. Rather than google.com taking you to Google’s homepage, DNS malware can set a record in your DNS cache to an alternate server. It might look like Google, the URL might match, but your PC will have taken you to another website entirely—all without you realizing.
This kind of sophisticated phishing attack can cause you to unwittingly reveal your personal data to a rogue server. To prevent this from happening, keep your antivirus and antimalware software up-to-date and run a scan of your PC on a regular basis.
If you do find malware, clear your DNS cache using the methods listed above once it’s been removed.
How to Set Your Own DNS Settings
You can change your DNS settings on modern operating systems like Windows and macOS quickly, although it’s a little trickier on Linux, depending on your distribution.
To change your DNS settings on Windows, hit Win + X and select Settings > Network & Internet > Network & Sharing Center.
In the menu on the left-hand side, select Change adapter settings. Right-click your internet connection and select Properties. Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) and select Properties.
From here, enable Use the following DNS server addresses and fill in the preferred and alternate DNS server addresses with your chosen DNS providers. Follow the same for IPv6 addresses.
If you’re using macOS, click the Systems Preferences icon on your dock, then click Network.
Make sure your connection is selected, then click Advanced > DNS. Remove any existing DNS servers with the – icon, then hit the + icon to enter your new addresses. Once you’re done, click OK.
If you’re running Linux, changing your DNS settings will depend on the distribution you’re using. It’ll also depend on the network manager that distribution uses.
If you’re an Ubuntu user, you’ll need to manage your IP address settings on Ubuntu using either the GUI or by using a terminal editor to manually edit the relevant configuration files.
Don’t Let a Bad DNS Server Slow You Down
Under normal circumstances, you shouldn’t need to think about your DNS servers. They operate in the background, working to get you from A to B as you use the web without any issues.
If you do have issues with your DNS settings, it could be a sign of DNS malware or a problem with your internet connection. If that’s the case, check your PC for malware and, if you’re still having problems, try changing your DNS server settings to another provider.
Read the full article: What Is a DNS Server and Is It Responding?
Surfboard collector Eric "Bird" Huffman opens up his storied shop and illustrates the history of surfing with six classic boards.
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Our fishing editor drops his list of the must-have baits for chasing “truck trout” or giant wild rainbows and browns