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14 Jul 15:30

Insanely Cute Cat Commercials from Studio Ghibli, Hayao Miyazaki’s Legendary Animation Shop

by Jonathan Crow

Back in 2010, Hayao Miyazaki’s company Studio Ghibli produced a commercial for the massive food conglomerate Nissin Seifun. The spot centers on a rotund cat named Konyara who bats lazily at a red butterfly – Nissin’s logo. Konyara is rendered in simple thick, black lines that recall Japanese sumi-e painting.

Miyazaki reportedly didn’t have much to do directly with the piece but his influence is all over it. The commercial was produced by Miyazaki’s long time collaborator Toshio Suzuki and animated by Katsuya Kondo, who did the character design for perhaps Miyazaki’s most cat-centric movie Kiki’s Delivery Service. Another Miyazaki collaborator, pop legend Akiko Yano, did the music. More to the point, Konyara looks like some of Miyazaki’s most enduring characters from Totoro to Ponyo to the Kodama from Princess Mononoke. Adorable, elegant and vital.

The commercial was so successful that Nissin commissioned two more. The second one aired in 2012 and featured a sleepy Konyara struggling to grab 40 winks while her offspring, named Ko-Konyara (trans: Little Konyara), insists on cuddling. The calligraphy on the side reads “Always together.”

The most recent Ghibli/Nissin commercial came out a few months ago. Konyara’s brood has expanded to three – the two new cats named Kuroneko and Buchi. All three tumble into the frame as Konyara presents them with a fish while text appears reading, “I’m hungry.” When the little black kitten, who looks a lot like a soot sprite from Totoro, runs off with dinner, Konyara gives a resigned sigh. It’s an expression that anyone who has spent long periods with very young children will recognize.

You can watch all three above or here.

via Cartoon Brew

Related Content:

The Simpsons Pay Wonderful Tribute to the Anime of Hayao Miyazaki

How to Make Instant Ramen Compliments of Japanese Animation Director Hayao Miyazaki

French Student Sets Internet on Fire with Animation Inspired by Moebius, Syd Mead & Hayao Miyazaki

Jonathan Crow is a Los Angeles-based writer and filmmaker whose work has appeared in Yahoo!, The Hollywood Reporter, and other publications. You can follow him at @jonccrow. And check out his blog Veeptopus, featuring lots of pictures of vice presidents with octopuses on their heads.  The Veeptopus store is here.

Insanely Cute Cat Commercials from Studio Ghibli, Hayao Miyazaki’s Legendary Animation Shop is a post from: Open Culture. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus, or get our Daily Email. And don't miss our big collections of Free Online Courses, Free Online Movies, Free eBooksFree Audio Books, Free Foreign Language Lessons, and MOOCs.

http://www.openculture.com/2015/07/insanely-cute-cat-commercials-from-studio-ghibli.html is a post from: Open Culture. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus, or get our Daily Email. And don't miss our big collections of Free Online Courses, Free Online Movies, Free eBooksFree Audio Books, Free Foreign Language Lessons, and MOOCs.

The post Insanely Cute Cat Commercials from Studio Ghibli, Hayao Miyazaki’s Legendary Animation Shop appeared first on Open Culture.

28 Apr 15:44

Large Format Photographs Capture Ornate Opera Houses From Around the World

by Kate Sierzputowski
bigger-1

All images © David Leventi, Margravial Opera House, BAYREUTH, GERMANY, 2008

David Leventi photographs the interiors of world famous opera houses, capturing the ornate design of the architecture found inside. Using 4×5″ and 8×10″ Arca-Swiss cameras, Leventi captures each opera house from the vantage of an operatic singer, photographing the space from the very center of the stage.

Leventi is not just aesthetically inspired by the opera houses he photographs, but also holds a familial connection to their structures. He is the son of two architects, and the project was started in remembrance of his grandfather Anton Gutman, a cantor trained after World War II by a famous Danish operatic tenor. Gutman performed for prisoners and officers while interned at a prisoner-of-war camp in the Soviet Union, and Leventi’s photographs are a gesture that aims to examine the spaces he was never able to perform.

Leventi’s photographic process imitates with light what a performer would do with his or her voice, light waves bouncing off of each architectural element and bringing the vast space back to the detailed image. Each photograph captures a view impossible to the naked eye, combing both line-of-sight and periphery imagery to produce images that wrap the viewer in the experience of each world famous theatre. Leventi is not just capturing the depth of the space, but also the extensive history lived within each performance hall.

Leventi received his BFA in Photography from Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri and is represented by galleries internationally. Leventi’s exhibition “David Leventi: Opera” will open May 7 at Rick Wester Fine Art in New York City, and his first monograph by the same name (published by Damiani) will be released this spring. (via Arch Atlas)

All images © David Leventi, Romanian Athenaeum BUCHAREST, ROMANIA, 2007

Romanian Athenaeum BUCHAREST, ROMANIA, 2007

La Fenice VENICE, ITALY, 2008

La Fenice VENICE, ITALY, 2008

Curtain, Palais Garnier PARIS, FRANCE, 2009

Curtain, Palais Garnier PARIS, FRANCE, 2009

Palais Garnier PARIS , FRANCE, 2009

Palais Garnier PARIS , FRANCE, 2009

The Metropolitan Opera NEW YORK, UNITED STATES, 2008

The Metropolitan Opera NEW YORK, UNITED STATES, 2008

Teatro di Villa Aldrovandi Mazzacorati BOLOGNA, ITALY, 2014

Teatro di Villa Aldrovandi Mazzacorati BOLOGNA, ITALY, 2014

Mariinsky Theater ST. PETERSBURG, RUSSIA, 2009

Mariinsky Theater ST. PETERSBURG, RUSSIA, 2009

Teatro di San Carlo NAPLES, ITALY, 2009

Teatro di San Carlo NAPLES, ITALY, 2009

Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía VALENCIA, SPAIN, 2014

Palau de les Arts Reina Sofía VALENCIA, SPAIN, 2014

Amargosa Opera House, DEATH VALLEY JUNCTION, CALIFORNIA, 2009

Amargosa Opera House, DEATH VALLEY JUNCTION, CALIFORNIA, 2009

Curtain, Royal Swedish Opera, STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN, 2008

Curtain, Royal Swedish Opera, STOCKHOLM, SWEDEN, 2008

24 Mar 15:42

netlenka

by JX
Olena Bulygina

summer 2012, 99% dressed.

Olena Bulygina by Anastasiya Lazurenko


netlenka

(c) Anastasiya Lazurenko @ cargocollective

27 Apr 10:54

Extreme Drawing

by Lauren Purje

xtreme-1280-2

23 Apr 08:00

See the First Known Photograph Ever Taken (1826)

by Josh Jones
http://www.openculture.com/2015/04/see-the-first-known-photograph-ever-taken-1826.html

first_photograph_home_trans

In histories of early photography, Louis Daguerre faithfully appears as one of the fathers of the medium. His patented process, the daguerreotype, in wide use for nearly twenty years in the early 19th century, produced so many of the images we associate with the period, including famous photographs of Abraham Lincoln, Edgar Allan Poe, Emily Dickinson, and John Brown. But had things gone differently, we might know better the harder-to-pronounce name of his onetime partner Joseph Nicéphore Niépce, who produced the first known photograph ever, taken in 1826.

Something of a gentleman inventor, Niépce (below) began experimenting with lithography and with that ancient device, the camera obscura, in 1816. Eventually, after much trial and error, Niépce developed his own photographic process, which he called “heliography.” He began by mixing chemicals on a flat pewter plate, then placing it inside a camera. After exposing the plate to light for eight hours, the inventor then washed and dried it. What remained was the image we see above, taken, as Niépce wrote, from “the room where I work” on his country estate and now housed at the University of Texas at Austin’s Harry Ransom Center.

niepce1_large

At the Ransom Center website, you can see a short video describing Niépce’s house and showing how scholars recreated the vantage point from which he took the picture. Another video offers insight into the process Niépce invented to create his “heliograph.” In 1827, Niépce traveled to England to visit his brother. While there, with the assistance of English botanist Francis Bauer, he presented a paper on his new invention to the Royal Society. His findings were rejected, however, because he opted not to fully reveal the details, hoping to make economic gains with a proprietary method. Niépce left the pewter image with Bauer and returned to France, where he shortly after agreed to a ten-year partnership with Daguerre in 1829.

Sadly for Niépce, his heliograph would not produce the financial or technological success he envisioned, and he died just four years later in 1833. Daguerre, of course, went on to develop his famous process in 1829 and passed into history, but we should remember Niépce’s efforts, and marvel at what he was able to achieve on his own with limited materials and no training or precedent. Daguerre may receive much of the credit, but it was the “scientifically-minded gentleman” Niépce and his heliography that led—writes the Ransom Center’s Head of Photographic Conservation Barbara Brown—to “the invention of the new medium.”

Niepce Reproduction

Niépce’s pewter plate image was re-discovered in 1952 by Helmut and Alison Gernsheim, who published an article on the find in The Photographic Journal. Thereafter, the Gernsheims had the Eastman Kodak Company create the reproduction above. This image’s “pointillistic effect,” writes Brown, “is due to the reproduction process,” and the image “was touched up with watercolors by [Helmut] Gernsheim himself in order to bring it as close as possible to his approximation of how he felt the original should appear in reproduction.”

Related Content:

See The First “Selfie” In History Taken by Robert Cornelius, a Philadelphia Chemist, in 1839

Harry Taylor Brings 150-Year-Old Craft of Tintype Photography into the Modern Day

Alfred Stieglitz: The Eloquent Eye, a Revealing Look at “The Father of Modern Photography”

Josh Jones is a writer and musician based in Durham, NC. Follow him at @jdmagness

See the First Known Photograph Ever Taken (1826) is a post from: Open Culture. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus, or get our Daily Email. And don't miss our big collections of Free Online Courses, Free Online Movies, Free eBooksFree Audio Books, Free Foreign Language Lessons, and MOOCs.

The post See the First Known Photograph Ever Taken (1826) appeared first on Open Culture.

22 Apr 08:00

High-Tech Japanese Camera Proves That the Shape of a Wine Glass Affects the Flavor of Wines

by Dan Colman
Olena Bulygina

НАУКА НАМ В ПОМОЩЬ

Japanese scientists have developed a camera that confirms what we’ve long sensed: “wine glass shape has a very sophisticated functional design for tasting and enjoying wine.” That’s what Kohji Mitsubayashi, a researcher at the Tokyo Medical and Dental University, told Chemistry World.

It’s a little complicated, and I’d encourage you to read this Chemistry World article, but the upshot is this: Mitsubayashi’s team used a special camera to analyze “different wines, in different glasses – including different shaped wine glasses, a martini glass and a straight glass – at different temperatures.” And they found that “different glass shapes and temperatures can bring out completely different bouquets and finishes from the same wine.”

In the video above, you can see the new-fangled camera in action, demonstrating how wines at different temperatures (something that’s affected by the geometry of the glass) release different vapors. And those translate into different flavors. Get more on this at Chemistry World.

Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus and LinkedIn and  share intelligent media with your friends. Or better yet, sign up for our daily email and get a daily dose of Open Culture in your inbox.

Related Content:

How to Open a Wine Bottle with Your Shoe for the DIY Connoisseur

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The Physics of Coffee Rings Finally Explained

High-Tech Japanese Camera Proves That the Shape of a Wine Glass Affects the Flavor of Wines is a post from: Open Culture. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Google Plus, or get our Daily Email. And don't miss our big collections of Free Online Courses, Free Online Movies, Free eBooksFree Audio Books, Free Foreign Language Lessons, and MOOCs.

The post High-Tech Japanese Camera Proves That the Shape of a Wine Glass Affects the Flavor of Wines appeared first on Open Culture.

14 Mar 11:37

wmagazine: Gone Girl Photograph by David Fincher for W. 



wmagazine:

Gone Girl

Photograph by David Fincher for W

21 Mar 08:49

Photo

Olena Bulygina

this is literally a piece of me



23 Mar 14:17

Photo



24 Mar 14:27

isbsh: Nike x sacai | Dazed

19 Mar 17:36

Anairam ©





Anairam ©

16 Feb 11:03

krabbydon: gerrycanavan:understanding art, lesson one this...



krabbydon:

gerrycanavan:

understanding art, lesson one

this will never not be funny

31 Jan 00:35

Stephanie Gonot Insult Cakes 2014



Stephanie Gonot Insult Cakes 2014

30 Oct 17:00

Lita Albuquerque Sol Star, Giza Plateau, Eqypt 1996 An...



Lita Albuquerque Sol Star, Giza Plateau, Eqypt 1996

An ephemeral art installation south of the Great Pyramids of Giza, Sol Starconsisted of three tons of powdered blue pigment arranged in a specific pattern of ninety nine blue circles across the desert surface. Each pigment circle was of a different diameter to reflect the varying brightness of the stars directly above. Sol Star created a star map “reflection” on the sands.

02 Feb 23:45

Corrie Baldauf Infinite Jest Project 2014Baldauf initially began...





Corrie Baldauf Infinite Jest Project 2014

Baldauf initially began the process of flagging all the references to color in the text — more than 2,600 of them — as a sort of mechanism to help her concentrate on reading David Foster Wallace’s infamous masterwork, a notoriously difficult literary achievement that has divided readers on one side or the other, or in many cases, lost somewhere in the middle. Stymied by her early attempts to tackle the book, Baldauf “realized that the part I cared the most about was the color references, and that was going to be my impetus — it was going to be the familiar, intriguing thing that was going to help me focus, to commit,” she told Hyperallergic.

via Hyperallergic…
20 Jan 23:06

Head-On Collision: Photography Legends Test Drive Google Glass

Olena Bulygina

Photos are on the Spiegel website

On Monday, sales were discontinued of the Google Glass Explorer version, which had a pricetag of $1,500. And good riddance, too. The prototype had been riddled with problems like short battery life and complicated handling. Later this year, Google plans to sell a totally overhauled consumer version, at a lower price and with longer lasting batteries. Development of the new product is being overseen by former Apple executive Tony Fadell, the inventor of the iPod.

Google is not alone in its efforts. Headmounted displays proved to be all the rage at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas last week.

Could these headsets, with their tiny, unobtrusive cameras, change the way we perceive the world in the same way Kodak cameras did a century ago, with candid photography becoming easier than ever before? Could they usher in something that we might call, for lack of a better word, wearable photography?

We asked two masters of candid street photography, Elliott Erwitt and Bruce Gilden, to give us a glimpse of the future as the legends tested Google Glass.

__________________________________________________

Bruce Gilden fiddles nervously with his glasses on his first day as a photographer without a camera.

With his full, white beard, green army jacket and sneakers, Gilden looks a little out of place amid the throngs of suits and Prada outfits here on New York's Upper West Side. Gilden has a world-famous body of photography to his name, but that isn't much help to him today. For the next couple of days, he will be trying out Google Glass, the headmounted display with a built-in miniature camera lens.

"I look like a damn cyborg," Gilden grumbles. A monitor barely bigger than an M&M glows in front of his right eye, where the camera lens is also located, all of it reinforcing the impression that Gilden might indeed be part man and part machine. "I can be a glasshole for Halloween," he grouses. The term is an epithet for Google Glass wearers in San Francisco, where they are reportedly much hated.

Gilden arrives at Elliott Erwitt's studio. The door opens to reveal a stooped man in a lilac-colored shirt, his eyes at once mischievous and sad. Erwitt is likewise a world-famous photographer -- the master of street photography, some say.

"You're 86 and I'm 68, like mirror images," Gilden declares. Erwitt smiles and says nothing. He once commented that the whole point of taking pictures is so that you don't have to explain things with words.

These two photographers have known each other for about 20 years. Both work for the photo agency Magnum and wear the same gray sneakers. And yet they could not be any more different. Erwitt is the patient observer, Gilden the grandstanding go-getter. Together, they have more than 100 years of photographic experience.

Absurd Glasses

Today, they're meeting to discuss a new project. Are cameras hidden on the photographer's body the future of street photography? Google Glass' eye-tracking camera could make it possible to take the most unobtrusive, true-to-life pictures imaginable. Or it could be used to spy on unsuspecting people.

It's a head-on collision between old masters and new technology. Both Erwitt and Gilden prefer black and white analog photography, but now they're being asked to swap their Leicas for these absurd glasses. Gilden jerks his head back like a chicken gulping down food and says, "Okay, Glass, take a picture." The device follows his command instantly. But the photographer finds the jerky motion painful. "All this twitching is going to give me a seizure," he says.

So far, this early version of the data glasses, the so-called Explorer version, has been used almost exclusively by programmers developing apps for them. But the competition hasn't been idle, and companies such as Huawei and Sony are at work on similar products. Google Glass, meanwhile, is still just a prototype in beta, and it's likely to be a while before the product really catches on, perhaps initially for use by specialists such as engineers, surgeons and laboratory technicians.

And yet even in their unfinished state, these photo-taking glasses may afford an initial, if perhaps blurry, glimpse into a future where not a single moment must remain undocumented, as tiny cameras become capable of nestling closer and closer to the body, built into watches, glasses, necklaces or plastic clips. The Google Glass Explorer Version will soon go the way of all technology and land on the shelves of tech museums, next to the original, 100-year-old Leica camera. But the trend they stand for will continue as the pioneering devices slowly become classics, then museum pieces: ever easier, ever more candid photos.

Street Shots

The test run is starting. Bruce Gilden makes his way through the crowds on Fifth Avenue, his old hunting grounds. Gilden, who as a child wanted to be a boxer, instead fought his way to fame on these unyielding sidewalks by taking portraits of strangers. His preferred method: jumping out at his subjects like a tiger pouncing on its prey, using his camera with its harsh flash to immortalize them from an arm's length away. His final product: unvarnished snapshots direct from daily life. The art world rejoiced over Gilden and in 1998 he was honored with membership in Magnum.

The new wearable photography technology, on the other hand, affords an opportunity to take pictures secretly, which is not at all Gilden's thing. There -- a woman with a bitter gaze and a lot of makeup, just the sort of subject Gilden likes. He snaps his shot. "I just took a picture of you," he calls after the woman. She doesn't even notice. Taking and exhibiting pictures of strangers is legal in New York, falling under the auspices of freedom of speech and artistic freedom. In Germany, with its obsession about privacy rights, though, this right may soon be curtailed.

Gilden is zigzagging through the throng, constantly engaging strangers in conversation, doing photography as a contact sport. A driver leans, bored, against the side of his black limousine. Gilden walks right up to him, adjusts his glasses, quirks his finger, done. The chauffeur, too, didn't notice a thing.

Gilden doesn't like this secrecy. "You don't take good pictures with a camera, you take them with your entire personality," he says. "You have to go up to people, get as close as possible. The photographer Robert Capa once said, 'If your photographs aren't good enough, you're not close enough.' Absolutely true."

Gilden's photographs project the insolent attitude of a street urchin. He grew up in New York's Williamsburg before the neighborhood was fashionable, with a father who wore heavy rings on his fingers, kept a cigar clamped in the corner of his mouth and conducted opaque business deals in his used tire store. Bruce played basketball, the dirtier the better, winning was what mattered.

The crowd flows around him like a raging river. "They all look alike. New York is getting more and more boring," he says. "There, that homeless guy has an interesting face, but I don't want to expose him. Hey, that woman over there, her makeup makes her look like a clown. Or her, back there, she's perfect."

He steps into the woman's path. He introduces himself: "I'm Bruce Gilden. I'm a famous photographer." She nods. "If you believe that, I'll tell you another one." She laughs. "No, no smiling" he says. He puts his hands at the nape of her neck and angles her face a bit to the side and down -- after all, using Google Glass leaves both his hands free -- and the woman allows him to do so. "Great, that doesn't look posed at all," he says, and snaps his picture.

"The street is a stage and the passersby are actors," he says. "But this is my play and I'm the director here." The woman thanks him effusively. "Most people love attention," Gilden says afterward. "I just made her day."

An Invisible World Star

Gilden's colleague and antipode Elliott Erwitt takes a different approach. He shuffles across the street from his apartment to Central Park. Passing dogs often catch his eye, since he's still mourning Terry, his mutt who died a couple months ago.

Erwitt is an invisible world star, an artist who disappears behind his pictures. His warm-hearted snapshots of dogs and people are widely known, and he publishes a new photo book nearly every year. He's been taking photographs for 70 years. "Most editors think I died years ago," he says, and smiles.

Erwitt doesn't talk much -- in fact, he's never talked much -- but the little he does say tends to hit home. He, too, is testing out the Google Glass camera on familiar terrain. Couples, passersby, a dog, a photograph, a smile. Then he slips off and continues on his way. A small poodle appears in front of him and Erwitt bends down to arrange the background composition around the dog. Then there's the sudden sound of a loud honk and the dog jerks around with wide eyes. Erwitt snaps his picture.

The old bicycle horn is one of his little tricks, something he keeps attached to his cane, he calls it the "Elliot Erwitt Walking Stick". "It works with animals of all kinds, and with people too," he says.

Erwitt was born in Paris in 1928. His parents, who were Jewish, had fled there from Russia. He grew up in Paris and Milan, with the family speaking Italian. When World War II broke out, the family fled again, this time to the US. At the age of 13, Erwitt received a dog and a camera, two presents that would alter the course of his life. Drafted into the army in 1951, he served as a photographer in Germany and France. The legendary Robert Capa then invited him to join Magnum. He took photographs for advertisements, newspapers and exhibitions, as well as shooting documentary films, all the while remaining always curious, always skeptical.

'Like Eating Soup with a Fork'

It's time to take stock of the preliminary results in Erwitt's studio directly on Central Park, a darkened room that looks like a shrine to the history of photography, with enormous prints on the walls and cabinets full of originals. Their freshly taken images are downloaded on a computer, they sit down in front of the screen to evaluate their catch of the day. They are surprised at the resolution of the 5-megapixel camera.

Does the Google Glass camera allow him to get closer to his subjects? "No, the opposite is true," Gilden says. "It's got such a wide angle, far too much ends up in the picture." Erwitt nods.

"Besides, the screen is much too small, you can hardly control the frame" Gilden says. Erwitt nods.

Google Glass might work for email or GPS, Gilden says, but not for taking photographs. "It's the wrong tool, like eating soup with a fork."

"I often eat soup with a fork," Erwitt says. "If it's matzah ball soup." Both men come from Jewish families, where this traditional dish is popular.

"We barely had time to get to know this technology," Gilden explains. "If you put me on an island, I think after a time period I would figure out how to use it to its best effect."

"Manhattan is an island," Erwitt points out.

The room is a bit small for two full-scale egos, the two of them flirting and sparring with each other. And with the technology.

Gilden throws himself back into the fray. After half an hour, the rechargeable battery built into the glasses frame has run down, so a cable now hangs from the glasses, connecting them to a back-up battery. The right side of the frame is growing alarmingly hot. "I can use this to keep my fingers warm in the winter," Gilden proposes. Passersby turn around to watch and whisper when they catch sight of his cyborg look.

Natan Dvir / Der Spiegel

The glasses are not going down well with Gilden. The light is failing and it's starting to drizzle. The quality of the photographs remains surprisingly good, but Gilden lacks a way to manually adjust the exposure, and he lacks a flash -- the harsh light of which is part of his signature style.

But the biggest obstacle is the fact that the glasses are only designed to take pictures in a horizontal format, whereas Gilden is considered a master of the vertical format.

Absurd Contortions

Gilden is thirsty and takes a drink, then sets the bottle down behind him. A minute later, someone steals it. Then he notices the handsome young man behind him, in a suit and a tie and a wool hat, leaning unobtrusively against a traffic light and photographing Gilden with his smartphone. "I hate these beginners, that guy is sneaky, I don't like photos like that" Gilden complains. He calls over to the paparazzo and takes a picture of him. The two men photograph each other.

Gilden hates having anyone boss him around. It's one reason he became a photographer. Now these nightmare glasses are literally leading him around by the nose, forcing him into all sorts of absurd contortions.

After 40 years of working intensively with his manual Leica camera, Gilden could operate it blind. When he doesn't have it with him, he feels it like a phantom pain. Wearable cameras could allow everyone to experience that melding of body and camera. Because the devices are so small, they're operated with gestures -- a nod turns Google Glass on, a blink can trigger the camera shutter. The body becomes a part of the camera, with neck muscles and eyelids replacing the on/off switch and the shutter button. That may be a good thing for young nerds, but not so much for old men.

"All this nodding is giving me a stiff neck," Gilden says. Instead, he chooses to operate the glasses using a tiny button the size of a grain of rice on the right side of the frame, but it's far too small to be easily manipulated by Gilden's large mitts. Confronted with glasses developed by young geeks for young geeks, the director of the streets feels the device is dictating what he should do, rather than the other way around.

"I feel like a gorilla that's being made to eat with fork," he says. He's fed up. He scans the crowd and picks out a bald man. He addresses the man in broken Spanish and convinces him to stand still. Then Gilden twists himself around until the glasses are vertical instead of horizontal. Finally, he takes the glasses off and holds them in front of him. Like a camera.

"Don't move, man," Gilden says, then adds a little joke: "I had to hold still, too, 170 years ago when I had a daguerreotype taken."

Erwitt, too, is groping half-blind through the dawning of a new technology. He doesn't see well with his right eye, but the right side is where the Google Glass' display screen is located. "I try not to get noticed, but these glasses are much more conspicuous than a camera or a phone," he says.

Growing Pains

Erwitt is familiar with the growing pains of new forms of media. He experimented with color film, and published a book of color photographs titled "Kolor". The "K" is an homage to the Kodak company, which revolutionized photography in the late 19th century with its family friendly cameras so simple a child could operate them and the slogan, "You press the button, we do the rest." When the Kodak factory in Rochester, New York, shut down, Erwitt made a pilgrimage there to say farewell. But even the newfangled headmounted camera, as he is still grappling with its novelty, is turning into a piece of legacy hardware from a bygone future.

Natan Dvir / Der Spiegel

Exhausted, Erwitt sits down on a bench and waits. His legs ache, but in his head he's already composing his next picture. "If you keep your cool, you'll get everything," he says. The background is right, but he's still missing a scene in the foreground. "What I need is a big dog in the foreground, and a lot of people's legs behind it." He waits. He watches. He keeps quiet. Then, exactly what he was waiting for occurs, in a ballet of dogs, chance and light. Click.

"Google Glass might be nice for keeping a picture diary," he says. "It's good for pictures, but not for photos." He cuts the Bluetooth connection between the headmounted display and the cell phone on which he can review the pictures he takes. It makes him uncomfortable to think everything he sees there could theoretically also be viewed by others over the Internet. "My clients would use that to be constantly looking over my shoulder and giving me instructions," he says. "Which would mean less time and less work. Less freedom."

Wearable photography is bound to catch on sooner or later, at least in some niches, whether with Google Glass or other devices. The ubiquitousness of the tiny lens will make it possible for anyone to capture even the most fleeting moment, without having to dig out a cell phone or camera to do so.

In 1839, the painter Louis Daguerre gave the world the photograph, a new kind of image that seemed to paint itself, making it possible for even those without artistic talent to capture highly detailed pictures. Then came Kodak, which again radically simplified the process of creating images. Then came the spread of cell phone cameras, and now the next revolution in images is at hand. Not only are shutter buttons now superfluous, but spoken commands are as well. Users who wish to do so can operate Google Glass with the simple blink of an eye -- you blink, we do the rest. Scientists are already tinkering with integrating cameras into contact lenses.

This test run has demonstrated the democratic promise of wearable photography, as well as its limitations. It can't replace the most important elements of a good photograph, qualities such as patience, persistence and an ability to assert oneself -- against the technology, if necessary.

Erwitt has taken off the glasses and is holding them close to the ground, at eye level with a white poodle. He releases the shutter not with a spoken command, but by hand. As if the glasses were his Leica.

Above him, the leaves of a mighty plane tree rustle in the wind. "This tree is special," he says. Pause. "Terry liked to pee here."

When he still had Terry, Erwitt sometimes forgot to take his camera along when he took the dog for walks, and was sad when he missed out on capturing unique, natural daily life scenes he saw. Wouldn't it be comforting, then, to have a camera with him at all times, in his watch or glasses?

"No," Erwitt says. "The pictures I didn't take are the best ones."


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MITTWOCH, 10. DEZEMBER 2014

Inkasso-Mails: So schützen Sie sich vor Trickbetrüger (Netzwelt, 15:28)
Legendäre Invasionen: Kamikaze-Taifune zerstörten Flotten der Mongolen (Wissenschaft, 15:25)
Umfrage: Gabriel so unbeliebt wie noch nie (Politik, 15:23)
Grenze der Belastbarkeit: DFB-Sportdirektor Flick kritisiert Youth League (Sport, 15:18)
Kreuzbandriss vermeiden: Mit Konzentration auf die Skipiste (Gesundheit, 15:01)
Malala Yousafzai: Jüngste Friedensnobelpreisträgerin in Oslo geehrt (Politik, 14:58)
Billigprodukte: Lidl will ab 2020 Chemie aus Kinderkleidung verbannen (Wirtschaft, 14:42)
Hackerangriff: Tom Cruise sollte angeblich Sonys Steve Jobs werden (Netzwelt, 14:40)
Bundespräsident Gauck zur Ramelow-Wahl: "Ich respektiere das" (Politik, 14:34)
Alkohol bei Jugendlichen: Zahl der Komasäufer sinkt (SchulSPIEGEL, 14:32)
Pressekompass: Darf man foltern? - Das sagen die Medien (Politik, 14:18)
Google Street View in den Emiraten: Virtuell durch die Straßen von Dubai (Reise, 14:12)
Asteroiden-Beschuss: Lebensbausteine aus dem Höllenfeuer (Wissenschaft, 14:02)
CDU-Parteitag: Gefahr von rechts (Politik, 13:58)
Angela Merkels Digitalpolitik: Unter dieser Frau kein Anschluss (Netzwelt, 13:48)
Ex-Mitarbeiter unter Abhörverdacht: Wohnung nach Anzeige von Thüringer CDU-Fraktionschef durchsucht (Politik, 13:39)
Todesstrafe: Zwei Mörder in den USA hingerichtet (Panorama, 13:28)
kurz & krass: Mann fährt seit 46 Jahren ohne Führerschein Auto (Panorama, 13:19)
Mit 91 Jahren: Schriftsteller Ralph Giordano ist tot (Kultur, 13:14)
13.000 Kilometer in 21 Tagen: Spanier feiern ersten Güterzug aus China (Wirtschaft, 13:10)
Debatte um CIA-Report: Polens Ex-Präsident räumt Zustimmung zu Gefängnissen ein (Politik, 12:48)
Medizin-Berichterstattung: Pressestellen übertreiben häufiger als Journalisten (Wissenschaft, 12:44)
Israel: Palästinensischer Minister kommt bei Konflikt mit israelischen Soldaten um (Politik, 12:43)
Fotojournalist in Australien: Mit Aborigines auf Krokodiljagd (Panorama, 12:28)
Streit um Schnellrestaurants: Verhandlungen zwischen Burger King und Yi-Ko scheitern (Wirtschaft, 12:23)
"Islamischer Staat": 700 Peschmerga sterben im Kampf gegen IS (Politik, 12:06)
Champions League in der Grafik-Analyse: Warum Bayer wieder nur Vizekusen ist (Sport, 11:58)
Australien: Frau stürzt beim Schlafwandeln in den Tod (Panorama, 11:55)
CIA-Report: Nordkorea und China nutzen Folterbericht für Abrechnung mit den USA (Politik, 11:47)
Strategie der CIA: Tötung Bin Ladens sollte Folter rechtfertigen (Politik, 11:47)
Bundesweite Razzia: Zoll kontrolliert Fleischwirtschaft auf Schwarzarbeit (Wirtschaft, 11:39)
Mit 85 Jahren: Ex-Bundesbank-Präsident Pöhl gestorben (Wirtschaft, 11:37)
Cannes-Gewinner "Winterschlaf": Einsam ist es in der Festung des Wortes (Kultur, 11:26)
Diskussion um CIA-Report: Rechtspopulistin Le Pen findet Folter manchmal "nützlich" (Politik, 11:20)
Vorschauversion: Das ist neu bei Windows 10 (Netzwelt, 11:10)
Heute in den Feuilletons: Der Hobbit? Nur Ehrenkäse und Liebesfett (Kultur, 11:01)
US-Klage: Internetprovider macht Kunden-Router zu W-Lan-Hotspots (Netzwelt, 10:56)
CIA-Folterbericht: Die Psychologen des Grauens (Politik, 10:51)
Neues SUV-Modell GLE Coupé: Ein Mercedes für BMW-Fahrer (Auto, 10:45)
Burt Reynolds versteigert Pontiac Trans Am: Ein Schlitzohr hat ausgekocht (Auto, 09:56)
Polizeiaktion: The Pirate Bay nach Razzia offline (Netzwelt, 09:54)
CDU Baden-Württemberg: Kretschmann-Herausforderer Wolf soll Fraktionschef werden (Politik, 09:54)
Ausgeliehener Gladbach-Star: Kramer freut sich auf Leverkusen (Sport, 09:52)
Dortmunds Mchitarjan: Neben den Pfosten, über die Latte, immer vorbei (Sport, 09:45)
Uno-Report: Ebola-Epidemie in Westafrika breitet sich weiter aus (Gesundheit, 09:44)
Landwirtschaft: Bio bringt mehr Ertrag als gedacht (Wissenschaft, 09:40)
Nobelpreisträgerin: Malala Yousafzai will Premier in Pakistan werden (Politik, 09:24)
Humor am Arbeitsplatz: Der Kollege ist peinlich, der Chef ist vulgär (KarriereSPIEGEL, 09:21)
Neue Statistik: Inflation in China fällt auf Fünfjahrestief (Wirtschaft, 09:19)
Dubiose Steuerpraktiken: Luxemburg-Dokumente belasten Disney und Skype (Wirtschaft, 09:11)
Psyche: Wenn Kinder depressiv werden (Gesundheit, 09:09)
Gerichtsentscheid: Berufung im Fall Pistorius zugelassen (Panorama, 09:05)
Sieg am Supreme Court: Amazon muss US-Angestellte nicht für Sicherheitschecks bezahlen (Wirtschaft, 08:55)
Flüchtlingsroman: Höllenfahrt ins Nichts (Kultur, 08:42)
Boyband-Revival: Caught in the Act erwägen Comeback (Panorama, 08:28)
Die Schulverbesserer, Teil 7: Sollen Eltern bei den Hausaufgaben helfen? (SchulSPIEGEL, 08:12)
Uno-Bericht: Zahl der Bootsflüchtlinge auf Rekordniveau (Panorama, 08:08)
Pegida-Aufmärsche: Ministerpräsident Tillich nennt AfD-Verhalten "niederträchtig" (Politik, 07:47)
Schmiergeld: China verurteilt hohen Wirtschaftsplaner zu lebenslanger Haft (Wirtschaft, 07:34)
News-Blog: Das war DerMorgen @SPIEGEL ONLINE (Politik, 06:17)
Hotel Montana nach dem Erdbeben: "Aufgeben liegt nicht in der Natur der Haitianer" (Reise, 05:08)
Pegida-Aufmärsche: "Das ist ein politisches Pulverfass" (Politik, 05:02)
CDU-Vizes von der Leyen und Klöckner: Egoshooter vs. Strahlefrau (Politik, 04:55)
US-Folterbericht: "Nashiri reagiert gut auf harte Behandlung" (Politik, 04:42)
Fahrdienstvermittler: Kalifornische Staatsanwälte verklagen Uber (Wirtschaft, 04:36)
Haushalt: US-Regierung und Opposition einigen sich auf Etat (Politik, 03:20)
Krisenschutz: US-Notenbank Fed verlangt von Großbanken dickere Kapitalpolster (Wirtschaft, 02:50)
Reaktionen auf CIA-Folterbericht: Uno und Menschenrechtler fordern strafrechtliche Konsequenzen (Politik, 01:26)
BVB holt den Gruppensieg: Arsenal abgewehrt (Sport, 00:12)
Moldau:: Polizei stellt geschmuggeltes Uran sicher (Panorama, 00:01)

DIENSTAG, 09. DEZEMBER 2014

Letzter Vorrundenspieltag: Liverpool scheitert durch Unentschieden gegen Basel (Sport, 23:36)
Champions League: Bayer Leverkusen verspielt Platz eins (Sport, 22:47)
Champions League: Immobile sichert Dortmund den Gruppensieg (Sport, 22:35)
Prozess in Missoula: Direns tödliche Mutprobe (Panorama, 22:25)
Anschlagspläne: US-Bürger wollte muslimische Stätten in Israel angreifen (Panorama, 21:51)
Nach Tod eines Fans: Basketball-Euroleague bestraft Istanbul und Belgrad (Sport, 21:44)
CIA-Folter unter George W. Bush: Die furchtbaren Jahre (Politik, 21:30)
Überfall in New York: Polizei erschießt Angreifer in Synagoge (Panorama, 21:00)
Präsidiumswahlen: Minister Gröhe bewahrt CDU vor Quoten-Panne (Politik, 20:40)
Geldwäsche: Schwester von König Felipe soll Schadenersatz leisten (Panorama, 20:35)
Anti-Islam-Bewegung: AfD-Chef Lucke findet Pegida "gut und richtig" (Politik, 20:32)
Todesfall in Spanien: Regierung erklärt Entlassung von Klub-Sicherheitschefs (Sport, 20:29)
Absage der Bread & Butter: Von Berlin über Barcelona ins Nirwana (Panorama, 20:26)
Vorwurf der Vergewaltigung: Freispruch für Karl Dall (Panorama, 20:24)
Vorwurf der Vergewaltigung: Freispruch für Karl Dall (Panorama, 19:32)
Kapverdische Inseln: Lavamassen löschen Dörfer aus (Wissenschaft, 19:27)
Kommentar zu CIA-Folter: Amerikas Schande (Politik, 19:19)
Brasiliens Fußball-Idol: Pelé darf das Krankenhaus verlassen (Sport, 19:17)
Attacke bei CDU-Parteitag: Warum Merkel jetzt die SPD mobbt  (Politik, 19:07)
NSU-Prozess: "Verzweifelte Versuche der Verteidigung" (Panorama, 19:06)
Kosten für Kabelnutzung: Telekom wehrt Millionenklage von Kabel Deutschland ab (Wirtschaft, 18:59)
Ukraine-Konflikt: Ein Tag Waffenruhe  (Politik, 18:38)
Verfahren wegen Demo-Blockade: Gericht will Ramelows Immunität aufheben lassen (Politik, 18:34)
Golf: Deutsche Ryder-Cup-Bewerbung mit Berlin oder Hamburg (Sport, 18:32)
Appell der Bundesregierung: Entführte Aktivisten in Syrien sollen freigelassen werden (Politik, 18:23)
Hoyzer-Skandal: Schiedsrichter Zwayer soll Schmiergeld angenommen haben (Sport, 18:05)
Champions League: So holen Dortmund und Bayer den Gruppensieg (Sport, 18:02)
Neuer BMW-Chef Krüger: Der geräuschlose Aufsteiger (Wirtschaft, 17:57)
Chefwechsel bei BMW: Reithofers Revolutionen (Auto, 17:57)
Achilles' Verse: Läuferdiagnose Zahlenmystik (Gesundheit, 17:53)
Quiz zum Trainer-Rauswurf: Wofür braucht Neururer einen Wohnwagen? (Sport, 17:52)
Verhöre von Terrorgefangenen: US-Senat prangert brutale Foltermethoden der CIA an (Politik, 17:43)
EU-Investitionspaket: Atomkonzerne wollen 80 Milliarden Euro abgreifen (Wirtschaft, 17:34)
Arbeitsausfall: Psychische Probleme lassen Krankenstand steigen (KarriereSPIEGEL, 17:33)
Modelabel: Abercrombie-Chef Jeffries tritt zurück (Wirtschaft, 17:27)
Italienisches Gefängnis: Harte Jungs in der Weihnachtsbäckerei (Panorama, 17:20)
Verwirrendes FDP-Wahlplakat: Katja, der Mann für alle Fälle (Politik, 17:18)
Schirrmacher-Nachfolge: Jürgen Kaube wird Herausgeber der "FAZ" (Kultur, 17:09)
Fahrdienstvermittler: Gericht verbietet Uber in ganz Spanien (Wirtschaft, 17:06)
Champions League: BVB gegen Anderlecht im Livestream und im Liveticker (Sport, 17:05)
Linkes US-Magazin "New Republic": Exodus (Kultur, 16:59)
Vorwurf der Vergewaltigung: Staatsanwalt fordert Bewährungsstrafe für Karl Dall (Panorama, 16:59)
BGH-Urteil: Reiseveranstalter dürfen höchstens 20 Prozent Anzahlung verlangen (Reise, 16:57)
Augenblick: Schneeweiß (Panorama, 16:54)
Abgehört: Die wichtigste Musik der Woche (Kultur, 16:43)
"Neue Zürcher Zeitung": Markus Spillmann tritt als Chefredakteur ab (Kultur, 16:25)
Facebook-Chef: Chinesischer Dissident geht mit Zuckerberg hart ins Gericht (Netzwelt, 16:20)
Ex-Bundestrainer: Vogts kritisiert Weltmeister Kramer (Sport, 16:11)
"Mission beendet. Traum erfüllt!": Niederländerin erreicht Südpol mit Traktor (Reise, 16:05)
Trotz Kritik: FC Bayern wählt wieder Katar als Trainingslager (Sport, 16:03)
Langerak für Weidenfeller: Klopps großes Torwart-Rätsel (Sport, 15:59)
Wiederwahl zur Vorsitzenden: Merkels Projekt 2017 (Politik, 15:56)
Orkan über dem Atlantik: Wetterdienste warnen vor 20-Meter-Wellen (Wissenschaft, 15:47)
Britische Rechtspopulisten: Ukip-Politiker wegen angeblicher Belästigung suspendiert (Politik, 15:39)
Eva Mattes als Klara Blum: Bodensee-"Tatort" wird eingestellt (Kultur, 15:30)
Bestechungsverdacht: Informantin erhebt neue Vorwürfe gegen Katar (Sport, 15:27)
Parteitag in Köln: CDU bestätigt Merkel mit 96 Prozent als Chefin (Politik, 15:14)
Fußballbundesliga: Frankfurt muss auf Torwart Wiedwald verzichten  (Sport, 15:08)
Patiententode in Oldenburg: Staatsanwalt ermittelt gegen acht weitere Klinikmitarbeiter (Panorama, 15:08)
Wowereit-Abgang: Ex-Daimler-Manager Arendt zieht in BER-Aufsichtsrat ein (Wirtschaft, 15:04)
Premier League: Arsenal-Fans prügeln sich wegen Wenger (Sport, 14:56)
Defekte Takata-Airbags: Honda startet weltweite Rückrufaktion (Auto, 14:52)
Set-Designer von James Bond: "Nichts war unmöglich" (Kultur, 14:50)
Dritte Liga: Baumann soll Hansa vor dem Abstieg retten (Sport, 14:48)
Deutsche und Muslime: Chantalle, zieh die Burka an (Politik, 14:45)
CDU-Parteitag: Die große Leere (Politik, 14:38)
SSL-Sicherheitslücke: Poodle betrifft bis zu zehn Prozent aller Webseiten  (Netzwelt, 14:28)
58,7 Millionen im Lotto: Junger Handwerker streicht Rekordgewinn ein (Panorama, 14:14)
Jahrelange Gefangenschaft: Französische Geisel wieder frei (Politik, 14:12)
Lkw-Maut: Opposition attackiert Dobrindt wegen Toll-Collect-Vertrag (Politik, 14:10)
Luxemburg Leaks: Niederlande wollen Steuerdeals mit Firmen offenlegen (Wirtschaft, 14:09)
CIA: Soll der Folterbericht veröffentlicht werden? Das sagen die Medien (Politik, 14:06)
Mount Sharp: Mars-Rover findet Hinweise auf lebensfreundliches Klima (Wissenschaft, 14:06)
Urteil gegen Oscar Pistorius: Richterin vertagt Entscheidung über Berufung (Panorama, 13:39)
Picasso-Affäre: Platini hält sich für "sauberer als sauber" (Sport, 13:37)
"Addams Family": Ex-Kinderstar Ken Weatherwax gestorben (Kultur, 13:24)
Bundestagsvize Singhammer: CSU-Politiker prahlt mit seinem Sprachtalent (Politik, 13:09)
Luftkrieg gegen "Islamischen Staat": So bombardieren US-Kampfjets den IS (Politik, 12:55)
Schnappschuss: Schwarzfahrer (Panorama, 12:51)
Merkel auf CDU-Parteitag: "Wie klein will sich die SPD eigentlich noch machen?" (Politik, 12:39)
Kate Hudson und Matt Bellamy: Verliebt, verlobt, verfreundet (Panorama, 12:34)
Neuer Feiertag für Schüler: Ich bin Humanist, ich habe frei (SchulSPIEGEL, 12:30)
So geht Bluffen: "Menschen zu täuschen, ist eine Kunst" (KarriereSPIEGEL, 12:13)
100 Millionen Dollar: "Grumpy Cat"-Besitzerin weist Bericht über Riesenvermögen zurück (Panorama, 12:11)
NS-Verbrechen in Frankreich: Gericht lehnt Prozess wegen Massakers von Oradour ab (Panorama, 12:09)
Alternative für Deutschland: AfD hat keine Lust auf CDU (Politik, 12:08)
YouTube: Neue Funktion sagt, welche Musik man hochladen darf (Netzwelt, 12:08)
Bayern-Kapitän Lahm: "Wir können gar nicht mehr schlecht spielen" (Sport, 12:05)
South Stream: Gabriel hofft trotz russischen Vetos auf die Mega-Pipeline (Wirtschaft, 12:01)
Olympia 2024: IOC entscheidet in Lima über deutsche Bewerbung (Sport, 11:53)
Fotos von Jessica Todd Harper: Die kurze Zeit, die wir Leben nennen (Kultur, 11:49)
Bipolare Störung: Feuer im Blut (Gesundheit, 11:46)
Affen: Männerfreundschaften machen cool (Wissenschaft, 11:45)
Pegida: Was steckt hinter den neuen Montagsdemos?  (Politik, 11:36)
Eisschnelllauf: Weltverband lehnt Boykott der EM in Russland ab (Sport, 11:35)
Anti-Islam-Aufmärsche: Justizminister fordert All-Parteien-Bündnis gegen Pegida (Politik, 11:27)
Veröffentlichung des US-Folterberichts: Angst vor 500 Seiten Grauen (Politik, 11:09)
Heute in den Feuilletons: "Das Gesäß ist ein zweideutiges Motiv" (Kultur, 10:55)
Beste erste Verkaufswoche seit 2007: AC/DC-Fans sind die treuesten Albumkäufer (Kultur, 10:51)
Prozess in Montana: Diren Dede starb laut Gerichtsmediziner durch Kopfschuss (Panorama, 10:43)
20 Jan 01:32

Why Bitcoin is and isn't like the Internet

Olena Bulygina

Joichi Ito, Director, MIT Media Lab on bitcoin

In the post that follows I’m trying to develop what I see to be strong analogues to another crucial period/turning point in the history of technology, but like all such comparisons, the differences are as illuminating as the similarities. I'm still not sure how far I should be stretching the metaphors, but it feels like we might be able to learn a lot about the future of Bitcoin from the history of the Internet. This is my first post about Bitcoin and I’m really looking more for reactions and new ideas than trying to prove a point. Feedback and links to things I should read would be greatly appreciated.

I’m fundamentally an Internet person -- my real business life started around the dawn of the Internet and for most of my adult life, I’ve been involved in building layers and pieces of the Internet, from helping start the first commercial Internet service provider in Japan to investing in Twitter and helping bring it to Japan. I’ve also served on the boards of the Open Source Initiative, the Internet Corporation for Names and Numbers (ICANN), The Mozilla Foundation, Public Knowledge, Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), and been the CEO of Creative Commons. Given my experiences in the early days of the net, it’s possible that I’m biased and everything new looks like the Internet.

Having said that, I believe that there are many parallels between the Internet and Bitcoin and there are many lessons from the Internet that can help provide guidance in thinking about Bitcoin and its future, but there are also some important differences.

The similarity is that Bitcoin is a transportation infrastructure that is decentralized, efficient and based on an open protocol. Instead of transferring packets of data over a dynamic network in contrast to the circuits and leased lines that preceded the Internet, Bitcoin’s protocol, the blockchain, allows trust to be established between mutually distrusting parties in an efficient and decentralized way. Although you could argue that the ledger is “centralized”, it’s created through mechanical decentralized consensus.

The Internet has a root -- in other words, just because you use the Internet Protocol doesn’t mean that you’re necessarily part of the Internet. To be part of THE Internet, you have to agree to the names and numbers protocol and root servers that are administered by ICANN and its consensus process. You can use the Internet Protocol and make your own network, using your own rules for names and numbers, but then you’re just a network and not The Internet.

Similarly, you can use the blockchain protocol to create alternative bitcoins or alt.coins. This allows you to innovate and use many of the technological benefits of Bitcoin, but you are no longer technically interoperable with Bitcoin and do not benefit from the network effect or the trust that Bitcoin has.

Also like the beginning of the Internet, there are competing ideas at each of the levels. AOL created a dialup network and really helped to popularize email. It eventually dumped its dialup network, its core business, but survived as an Internet service. Many people still have AOL email accounts.

With crypto-currencies, there are coins that don’t connect to the “genesis block” of Bitcoin -- alt.coins that use fundamentally the same technology. There are alt.coins that use slightly different protocols and some that are fundamentally different.

On top of the coin layer, there are various services such as wallets, exchanges, service providers with varying levels of vertical integration -- some agnostic to whichever cryptocurrency ends up “winning” and some tightly linked. There are technologies and services being built on top of the infrastructure that use the network for fundamentally different things than transacting units of value, just as voice over IP used the same network in a very different way.

In the early days of the Internet, most online services were a combination of dialup and x.25 a competing packet switching protocol developed by Comité Consultatif International Téléphonique et Télégraphique, (CCITT), the predecessor to the International Telecom Union (ITU), a standards body that hangs off of the United Nations. Many services like The Source or CompuServe used x.25 before they started offering their services over the Internet.

I believe the first killer app for the Internet was email. On most of the early online services, you could only send email to other people on the same service. When Internet email came to these services, suddenly you could send email to anyone. This was quite amazing and notably, email is still one of the most important applications on the Internet.

As the Internet proliferated, the TCP/IP stack, free software that anyone could download for free and install on their computer to connect it to the Internet, was further developed and deployed. This allowed applications that ran on your computer to use the Internet to talk to other programs running on other computers. This created the machine-to-machine network. It was no longer just about typing text into a terminal window. The file transfer protocol (FTP) and later Gopher, a text-based browsing and downloading service popular before the web was invented, allowed you to download music and images and create a world wide web of content. Eventually, permissionless innovation on top of this open architecture gave birth to the World Wide Web, Napster, Amazon, eBay, Google and Skype.

I remember twenty years ago, giving a talk to advertising agencies, media companies and banks explaining how important and disruptive the Internet would be. Back then, there were satellite photos of the earth and a webcam pointing at a coffee pot on the Internet. Most people didn’t have the imagination to see how the Internet would fundamentally disrupt commerce and media, because Amazon, eBay and Google hadn’t been invented -- just email and Usenet-news. No one in these big companies believed that they had to learn anything about the Internet or that the Internet would affect their business -- I mostly got blank stares or snores.

Similarly, I believe that Bitcoin is the first “killer app” of The Blockchain as email was the killer app for the beginning of the Internet. We are in the process of inventing eBay, Amazon and Google. My hunch is that The Blockchain will be to banking, law and accountancy as The Internet was to media, commerce and advertising. It will lower costs, disintermediate many layers of business and reduce friction. As we know, one person’s friction is another person’s revenue.

One of the main things we worked on when I was on the board of ICANN was trying to keep the Internet from forking. There were many organizations that didn’t agree with ICANN’s policies or didn’t like the US’s excessive influence over the Internet. Our job was to listen to everyone and create an inclusive and consensus-based process so that people felt that the benefits of the network effect outweighed the energy and cost of dealing with this process. In general we succeeded. It helped that almost all of the founders and key technical minds and technical standards organizations that designed and ran the Internet worked together with ICANN. This interface between the policy makers and the technologists -- however painful -- was viewed as something that wasn’t great but worked better than any of the other alternatives.

One question is whether there is an ICANN equivalent needed for Bitcoin. Is Bitcoin email and The Blockchain TCP/IP?

One argument about why it might not be the same is that ICANN fundamentally had to deal with the centralization caused by the name space problem created by domain names. Domain names are essential for the way we think the Internet works and you need a standards body to deal with the conflicts. The solutions to Bitcoin’s centralization problems will look nothing like a domain name system (DNS), because although there is currently centralization in the form of mining pools and core development, the protocol is fundamentally designed to need decentralization to function at all. You could argue that the Internet requires a degree of decentralization, but it has so far survived its relationship with ICANN.

One other important function that ICANN provides is a way to discuss changes to the core technology. It also coordinates the policy conversation between the various stakeholders: the technology people, the users, business and governments. The registrars and registries were the main stakeholders since they ran the “business” that feeds ICANN and provides a lot of the infrastructure together with the ISPs.

For Bitcoin it’s the miners -- the people and companies that do the computation required to secure the network by producing the cryptographically secure blockchain at the core of Bitcoin -- all in exchange for bitcoin rewards from the network itself. Any technical changes that the developers want to make to Bitcoin will not be adopted unless the miners adopt them, and the developers and the miners have different incentives. It’s possible that the miners have some similarities to the registrars and registries, but they are fundamentally different in that they are not customer-facing and don’t really care what you think.

As with ICANN, the users do matter and are key for the network effect value of Bitcoin, but without the miners the engine doesn’t run. The miners aren’t as easy to identify as the registrars and registries and it’s unclear how the dynamics of incentives for the miners will develop with the value of bitcoin fluctuating, the difficulty of mining increasing and the transaction fees being market driven. It’s possible that they will develop into a community with a user interface and a governance function, but they are mostly hidden and independent for a variety of reasons that are unlikely to change for now. Having said that, one of the first publicly traded Bitcoin companies is a miner.

The core developers are different as well. The founders of the Internet may have been slightly hippy-like, but they were mostly government-funded and fairly government-friendly. Cutting a deal with the Department of Commerce seemed like a pretty good idea to them at the time.

The core Bitcoin developers are cypherpunks who do what they do because they don’t trust governments or the global banking system and are trying to build a distributed and autonomous system, one that is impervious to regulation and meddling by anyone at any time. At some level, Bitcoin was designed to not care what regulators think. The miners have an economic interest in Bitcoin having value, since that’s what they’re paid in, and they care about scale and the network effect, but the miners probably don’t care if it’s Bitcoin or an alt.coin that ends up winning, as long as their investments in hardware and plant don’t disappear before they make a return on their investment.

Regulators clearly have an incentive to influence the rules of the network, but it’s unclear whether the core developers really need to care what the regulators think. Having said that, without some sort of buy-in by regulators, it’s unlikely to scale or have the mainstream impact that the Internet did.

Very much like the early days of the Internet, when we saw the power of Internet email but hadn’t yet invented the Web, we are just imagining the potential uses of concepts such as crypto-equity and smart contracts … to name just a few.

I believe it’s possible that over-regulation could cause Bitcoin or the blockchain to never achieve its full potential and remain a feature of the side-economy, much in the same way that the Tor anonymizing system is extremely valuable to people who really need privacy but not really used by “normal people”... yet.

What helped make the Internet successful was the lack of regulation and the generally inclusive and permissionless nature of innovation. This was driven in large part by free and open source software and the venture capital community. The question I have is whether the fact that we’re now talking about “money” and not “content,” and that we seem to be innovating at a much higher speed -- venture capital investment in Bitcoin is outpacing early Internet investments, the dialog in popular media is growing, and governments are very interested in Bitcoin -- makes this a completely different game. I think ideas like the five-year moratorium on Bitcoin regulation proposed by US Representative Steve Stockman are a good idea. We really have no idea what this whole thing is going to turn into, so a focus on dialog versus regulation is key.

I also believe that layer unbundling and innovation at each layer, assuming that the other layers will sort themselves out, is a good idea. In other words, exchanges and wallets that are coin-agnostic or experiments with colored coins, side chains and other innovations that are “unbundled” as much as possible allow the learnings and the systems created to survive regardless of exactly how the architecture turns out.

It feels a lot to me like when we were arguing over ethernet and token ring -- for the average user, it doesn’t really matter which we end up with as long as in the end it’s all interoperable. What’s different is that there is more at stake and it’s moving really fast, so the shape of failure and the cost of failure might be much more severe than when we were trying to figure out the Internet and a lot more people are watching.

23 Dec 22:19

2014: The Year According to Omar Sosa

by Emmet Byrne
Olena Bulygina

Dune + our motto

Unknown
To commemorate the year that was, we invited an array of artists, writers, designers, and curators—from artist Kalup to poet LaTasha Diggs, author Jeff Chang to futurist Nicolas Nova—to share a list of the most noteworthy ideas, events, and objects they encountered in 2014. See the entire series 2014: The Year According to                                 . 

 

Omar Sosa is a Barcelona-based art director, graphic designer, and publisher. In 2008, after a period of working at Folch Studio in Barcelona as a Business Partner, Omar founded the magazine Apartamento together with his friend Nacho Alegre. Apartamento is now distributed in 45 countries. Two years later he went on to win the prestigious Yellow Pencil Award and Apartamento was awarded the Best Entire Magazine of 2010 by the D&AD association (Design & Art Direction Association, UK). Sosa has worked as the Art Director for a wide range of international clients: Flos, Louis Vuitton Group, Rizzoli International, Carolina Herrera NY, DDG Partners, Corriere Della Sera, Patricia Urquiola, Ricardo Bofill Architecture, among others. His work spans from designing books and magazines to creating brand identities, designing exhibitions and generating successful liaisons among creative professionals.

 


 

(1)

01-NEOPTOLEMOS

Neptolemos Michaelides house, Cyprus

Last January I went to Cyprus for the opening of an exhibition of the Cypriot light designer Michael Anastassiades and had the chance to visit the private house of the Cypriot architect Neoptolemos Michaelides and his wife. They both passed away few years ago and now the house belong to their foundation. We came together with the photographer Hélène Binet who took beautiful pictures that where then published in the last issue of Apartamento (pdf) and in a exhibition in Cyprus that opened last month. The house has an incredible architecture full of sensibility and respect for nature and light, and it’s still full of the furniture and amazing collection of fossils and stones that once belonged to Neoptolemos.

(2)

02 MAX LAMB

Marmoreal by Max Lamb, Milan

April is a great month, not just because the winter is over but also because it’s the Milan Design Week called Salone. This year I’ve been quite lazy, too many offerings usually make me end up remembering nothing. One of my favorite things was this nice project of my friend the British designer Max Lamb for Dzek. A whole room entire made for this special terrazzo.

(3)

04-LA-FABRICA-BOFILL

La Fabrica of Ricardo Bofill

This is the house/studio of one of the biggest architects in Spain of all times, Ricardo Bofill. This is seen from its neighboring building, Walden 7, also by Bofill. It’s a huge recovered cement factory from the beginning of 1900.  The size of a cathedral, it’s an incredible work in progress for more than 40 years.

(4)

05 GIRARD

Alexander Girard: An Uncommon Vision, New York

May is design week in New York and Herman Miller made this amazing exhibition about the legacy of the designer and architect Alexander Girard. Together with them we launched the 13th issue of Apartamento featuring an extensive supplement about the legacy of Girard and his family in Santa Fe (New Mexico).

(5)

06 DONALD JUDD

Donald Judd Foundation, New York

While in New York I had the opportunity to visit the recently restored Judd Foundation. The 5-story Soho iron building was purchased by the artist Donald Judd in the 1970s and served as his studio and house for his family. It has been fully restored this year and is finally open to the public.

(6)

07-1111-LINCOLN-ROAD

111 Lincoln Road, Miami

While in Miami this June I was impressed by this amazing parking deck by the Swiss architecture studio Herzog & de Meuron. I was even more impressed when I heard that the owner of the parking deck lives on the top floor with a huge garden and a swimming pool.

(7)

08-CITY-FLATS-HOTEL

City Flats Hotel, Michigan

Every time I travel to the small city of Holland (Michigan) I have the opportunity to explore new rooms at the City Flats Hotel. The hotel is well known because Holland is home to many of the biggest furniture companies in the US, which means that many, many designers have stayed in the City Flats Hotel. This hotel is peculiar in that every single room is different, with all the possible configurations of queen bed + king bed, double queen bed, queen + double single, etc., that you can imagine. It’s known that you don’t want to receive the kind of room I got the last time, which featured two queen beds facing opposite walls. It was definitely impossible to get a good rest there.

(8)

09-WALDEN

Walden 7, Barcelona

This is another beautiful project from the architect Ricardo Bofill—a subsidized housing complex built in the early 1970s. I always knew it existed but never went to visit it. I was impressed by the color, proportions, and shapes, its little streets inside and balconies make it resemble a small vertical city.

(9)

10 FOUR SEASSONS

Four Seasons Restaurant by Philip Johnson, New York

I had the opportunity to have a drink at the bar and I was impressed by the space, the sculptural ceiling installations, window curtains, and materials on the toilets.

(10)

kiss

Kiss Room, Paris

I met the interior designer and artist Mathias Kiss in Paris and showed me one of his recent projects. This tiny 10sqm bedroom in the backside of a bar in Le Marais could be rented for one night, 1000 nights are for sale and it will be destroyed after. The whole space is skillfully covered in mirror tiles with a geometric architecture that enables the guests to feel like you are underwater. Despite being all covered in glass, the spaces feels incredibly cozy rather than a torture room, and the effect after you have a shower and the whole little space becomes visible because of the steam is something you have to live.

10 Jan 06:05

Photo



10 Dec 15:40

Shooting Sites of Execution

by Laura C. Mallonee
"Private Joseph Byers,  Private Andrew Evans, 
Time unknown / 6.2.1915; Private George E. Collins, 07:30 / 15.2.1915; Six Farm, Loker, West-Vlaanderen" by Chloe Dewe Mathews, 2013

Chloe Dewe Mathews, “Private Joseph Byers, Private Andrew Evans, 
Time unknown / 6.2.1915; Private George E. Collins, 07:30 / 15.2.1915; Six Farm, Loker, West-Vlaanderen” (2013)

In 2006, Britain’s Ministry of Defense officially pardoned 306 soldiers it had executed for cowardice or desertion during World War I. Many of them were underage, suffered from post-traumatic stress disorder, and hadn’t been given a fair trial. Among them, 16-year-old Herbert Burden had lied about his age so he could join the army; after he fled a massacre 10 months later, he was shot by firing squad. Burden later came to represent these ill-fated young men: his likeness was used in a monument commemorating them, titled “Shot at Dawn.” Photographer Chloe Dewe Mathews borrowed that name when she embarked on her own photographic tribute, commissioned by the Ruskin School of Art as part of 14–18 NOW and currently on view at Stills center for photography in Scotland.

For the series, the photographer visited 23 execution sites around the same time and season as when the soldiers died there. These landscapes may now be quiet and even bucolic, but Mathews’s photographs ensure that their past horrors are not forgotten. As Geoff Dyer, who introduced the accompanying monograph by Ivorypress, wrote in Harper’s, “When no grave or memorial is in view, one still understands — one feels — that this is more than just a conventionally pleasing landscape, even if the particulars of what has happened remain unknown. History has taken root here.”

"Soldat Ahmed ben Mohammed el Yadjizy, Soldat Ali ben Ahmed ben Frej ben Khelil, Soldat Hassen ben Ali ben Guerra el Amolani, Soldat Mohammed Ould ben Ahmed, 17:00 / 15.12.1914, Verbranden-Molen, West-Vlaanderen" by Chloe Dewe Mathews, 2013

Chloe Dewe Mathews, “Soldat Ahmed ben Mohammed el Yadjizy, Soldat Ali ben Ahmed ben Frej ben Khelil, Soldat Hassen ben Ali ben Guerra el Amolani, Soldat Mohammed Ould ben Ahmed, 17:00 / 15.12.1914, Verbranden-Molen, West-Vlaanderen” (2013)

"Soldaat Jean Raes, Soldaat Alphonse Verdickt, Time unknown / 21.9.1914, Walem, Mechelen, Antwerpen" by Chloe Dewe Mathews, 2013

Chloe Dewe Mathews, “Soldaat Jean Raes, Soldaat Alphonse Verdickt, Time unknown / 21.9.1914, Walem, Mechelen, Antwerpen” (2013)

"Private Herbert Chase, 04:30 / 11.6.1915, Sint-Sixtusabdij, Proven, Westvleteren" by Chloe Dewe Mathews, 2013

Chloe Dewe Mathews, “Private Herbert Chase, 04:30 / 11.6.1915, Sint-Sixtusabdij, Proven, Westvleteren” (2013)

Shot at Dawn, Chloe Dewe Mathews is on view at Stills (23 Cockburn Street, Edinburgh, Scotland) through January 25, 2015.

18 Nov 16:43

Skeleton Hand Hair Clips

Skeleton Hand Hair Clips, from etsy seller Always Anchors…..(Read...)

15 Oct 14:39

I Send On Average Five Takedown Notices To Web Hosts Every Day

by A Photo Editor

I sent takedown notices to a store selling phone cases, to Etsy for an artist hawking pirated prints of a fire ant, and to Twitter for an exterminator heading his company account with one of my bed bug photographs.This rate of commercial infringement is normal, as photographers and other online visual artists can attest. I deal with most cases by using a provision of the 1998 Digital Millennium Copyright Act DMCA that requires Web hosts to remove infringing content when informed. I send, on average, five takedown notices to Web hosts every day, devoting ten hours per week to infringements. Particularly egregious commercial infringers get invoices.

I actually have let a few of my most commonly infringed images go unenforced. I could not keep up, so I left these as a natural experiment. The result confirmed what I suspected: images that become widespread on the Internet are no longer commercially viable. Thousands of businesses worldwide now use one of my Australian ant photographs to market their services, for example, and not a single paying client has come forth to license that image since I gave up.

Copyright infringement for most artists is death by a thousand paper cuts. One $100 infringement here and there is harmless enough. But they add up, and when illegal commercial uses outnumber legal ones 20 to 1 in spite of ambitious attempts to stay ahead, we do not have a clear recourse. At some point, the vanishing proportion of content users who license content legally will turn professional creative artists into little more than charity cases, dependent only on the goodwill of those who pity artists enough to toss some change their way.

via Bugging out: How rampant online piracy squashed one insect photographer | Ars Technica.

02 Oct 19:11

Daughter of Hong Kong leader thanks "taxpayers" for diamonds on Facebook

by Cory Doctorow


Chai Yan Leung thanked the taxpayers who paid for it, and then dismissed her critics as non-taxpayers, since employed people wouldn't have time to comment on Facebook. Read the rest

02 Sep 14:11

The Best Work I Saw at Review Santa Fe ’14

by Jonathan Blaustein

My father reads my column every week. Without fail. Recently, he took exception to the fact that I labeled my writing “nonsense.” Thank goodness for encouraging parents.

I try to keep these articles entertaining, and have found that a little self-deprecation goes a long way. Occasionally, I revel in it, because I used to have very thin skin, as a youth. I’d fall to pieces if anyone made fun of me. (As Dad can attest.)

That’s why I love to start these travel pieces and festival reviews with a funny story, making me look foolish. Like the time I set off the fire alarm at the NY Times review. Or the time a heavy door at Gagosian hit me in the stomach, right in front of a gorgeous gallerina.

Eventually, though, I was bound to run out of embarrassing incidents. It was inevitable.

And here we are.

Nothing funny happened to me at Review Santa Fe this past June. I was invited as a roving reviewer, and as the guy who announces their raffle at the Saturday night party. (Yes, I broke into Spanglish, but it was more ha-ha funny than Ricky Gervais cringe-worthy. So not relevant here.)

I had a very nice time, as it was my sixth consecutive trip to the review. Good food, good weather, lots of nice people from around the world. I think I’ll even skip the part where I defend the review process from those who get upset about having to pay for meetings.

Overall, I saw the best work of any review I’ve yet attended. Polished, relevant, accomplished projects, professionally presented.

So if nothing bad happened, nor anything eventful to recount here…let’s get on to showing the best work I saw at the RSF ’14.

Qian Ma is a photographer based in Brooklyn, who recently finished a degree at ICP. In a perfectly strange coincidence, he just finished studying with my former professor, the great Allen Frame. I wasn’t surprised to hear that, as Allen is adept at pushing young artists to dig into a practice that allows their personal aesthetic to shine.

Qian’s black and white prints were totally gorgeous, and admittedly, the jpegs don’t do them justice. People literally lined up to see this work. I loved the otherworldly, odd, metaphysical qualities. How a simple cell phone can make you think of a parallel universe. So of course I asked him if he read Haruki Murakami, and of course he said, “Yes. Everything he’s written.” The project is called “Luminance,” and if you happen to see a sheep man lurking in a corner, at least you were warned.

QianMa_01

QianMa_04

QianMa_05

QianMa_10

QianMa_15

QianMa_16

I met Julia Cybularz within seconds of walking into the open portfolio viewing at the Santa Fe Farmer’s market. Normally, you wander around such events, looking for the juicy bits. Not that night. Hers was the first work I saw, and I loved it.

She’s photographed her niece, who has horrible scoliosis. Debilitating stuff. The photos were elegant, razor sharp, and visceral. Apparently, Ms. Cybularz suffered from the same affliction, which adds to the resonance. She also had a concurrent project which featured her cousin, who has schizophrenia and is mentally challenged. And he has scoliosis as well. It made for a fascinating mix of family, malady, and personal connection.

cybularz1brace

cybularz2circle

cybularz3accordian

cybularz4back

cybularz5yellowcurtain

cybularz6hannahsleeping

Meike Nixdorf is an artist who was visiting from Germany. Again with the Japanese references, she was showing a project that was inspired by Hokusai’s “36 Views of Mt. Fuji.” She was looking for a mountain that she could photograph from many different angles, that would allow the structure of the pictures to change radically.

She found one, El Teide, in the Canary Islands. I asked her why there, as it seemed so random, and she told me she visited the mountain many times, flying over it in a virtual flight simulator. If that’s not updating Hokusai’s vision to the 21st Century, I’m not sitting at my kitchen table on a rainy day in the mountains. (In fact, I am.)

Vordergrund_Linie 001

Vulkanfeld 001

wüstenberg_46_4989 001

Regen_grün_baum 001

Rückweg 001

observatory_cloud 001

montana_nebel 001

I also met Miki Hasegawa that night. (Two women with different spellings of the same name?) Miki had a series of images that she photographed from the vantage point of her young daughter.

As we all know, life is lived at eye level. We grownups make the world in our image, but our offspring are always looking up at a reality they must grow into. Terrific color palette as well, and the prints managed to capture the wonder and curiosity of childhood. I loved them immediately.

01

02

04

05

07

14

15

I had a long, rambling, roving review with the Denver-based photographer Benjamin Rasmussen, who’s originally from the Faroe Islands. (They’re in-between Norway and Iceland, so you don’t have to Google it.) He’s interested in issues of identity and displacement, and his project “By the Olive Trees” focuses on both.

He photographed Syrian refugees in Jordan. And he was apparently in Ferguson, MO, last week, so you can check his website to see what’s going on in America’s homegrown war-zone. (Hands up, Don’t shoot.)

Rasmussen_BTOT_001

Rasmussen_BTOT_002

Rasmussen_BTOT_003

Rasmussen_BTOT_004

Rasmussen_BTOT_005

Rasmussen_BTOT_006

Rasmussen_BTOT_007

Rasmussen_BTOT_008

According to Twitter, Russia invaded Ukraine today. Is that news? Haven’t they invaded several times already, including when they swiped Crimea? Hard to imagine a more topical project than one which examines the cross-cultural divide between the two countries. (Soon to be re-united?)

Sasha Rudensky was born in Russia, and studied in the famed Yale program. With her project, “Brightness, she has given us some seriously strange pictures that do just that. She photographed in both places, and the image of the thugs holding a giant snake was my favorite single picture at RSF. (Unfortunately, she isn’t ready to publish it yet.)

2.Rudensky_Sixth Sense

3.Rudensky_Splitting

4.Rudensky_Hannibal Lector

9.Rudensky_Law Office

11.Rudensky_Waiting Room

Self-Defense2 001

15.Rudensky_Night Market

Finally, I got to see the work of Jeanine Michna-Bales, who was one of Center’s Prize winners. I’d seen a couple of her prints on the wall of the Center for Contemporary Arts, and was transfixed. You won’t believe the premise.

Ms. Bales was interested in understanding the reality of the underground railroad, that patchwork network that led escaped slaves to freedom. A beacon of light in America’s bleak past.

So, she recreated it herself.

She stopped every 20 miles or so, between Louisiana and Canada, which was the supposed average distance an escaped slave could have covered. Then, she made pictures at night. It was so sketchy that she had to hire bodyguards to protect her, out in the middle of nowhere, under black skies.

Obviously, the premise is terrific. But the pictures are every bit as good.

Decision to Leave

Cypress Swamp

Hidden Passageway

Hunter's Bottom

Moonrise over Northern Ripley County

Look for the Grey Barn Out Back

'Welcome to the Fugitive Captive'

18 Sep 15:31

L’Officiel Hommes Italia

by Jonathan Shia

COVER-Mathias-Lauridsen

L’Officiel Hommes Italia packs in the star power for its Fall 2014 issue More...
19 Sep 00:03

Unsettling Psychic Photography from the 1930s

by Allison Meier
"A Psychic Figure," from a series of lantern slides on "Psychic Photography From A New Angle" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“A Psychic Figure,” from a series of lantern slides on “Psychic Photography From A New Angle” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

On May 15, 1934, a man named Mr. C.P. MacCarthy of Sheffield sent a letter confirming a meeting where he would “demonstrate under test conditions Fake Psychic Photography.” Decades later, his lantern slides of “supposedly paranormal and unknown forces caught on camera” turned up in the collections of Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums, which recently uploaded the profoundly strange photographs to their Flickr Commons.

A scan of the letter is included, where MacCarthy writes his “Psychic Photography From A New Angle” discussion will “indicate the increasing scope for fraud with the advancement of science — though not to disprove the probability of genuine Spirit Photography.” That last comment showing he was something of a believer. Tyne & Wear explains that not much “is currently known of the Psychic demonstration. Who sat on the invited committee? Who was Mr MacCarthy? Why was he investigating Psychic Photography?”

All we have to go on are the lantern slides, yet standing alone they are an unsettling, surreal assortment. Even out of context, each implies the intervention of something supernatural, whether it’s a shawl hovering against darkness, or text reading “Kate Fox,” a likely reference to Kate of the famous Fox Sisters mediums. As a commenter points out, one of the slides reproduces William Henry Fox Talbot’s 1835 shot of a window at Lacock Abbey, known as the oldest surviving photographic negative. It’s possible others might be culled from sources lost to time.

MacCarthy wasn’t alone in demonstrating against psychic photography. Harry Houdini created a debunking spirit photograph of himself with Abraham Lincoln, and publicly warred with believers like Arthur Conan Doyle, who got taken in by the “Cottingley Fairies” photos supposedly showing two girls with the mythical sprites. MacCarthy would have been right on the edge of this fad for psychic photography, but in the growing shadow of imaging technology, new possibilities may very well have implied the opening of portals to the unknown.

"Psychic Photography From A New Angle" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“Psychic Photography From A New Angle” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"A Psychic Apparition" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“A Psychic Apparition” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"A Psychic Portrait" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“A Psychic Portrait” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"Broken Glass" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“Broken Glass” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"Ectoplasm" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“Ectoplasm” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"Ectoplasm" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“Ectoplasm” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"A Psychic Apparition" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“A Psychic Apparition” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"A Psychic Message" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“A Psychic Message” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"A Psychic Message" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“A Psychic Message” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"Technical Psychic Photography" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“Technical Psychic Photography” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

"Psychic Causes" (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

“Psychic Causes” (via Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums)

View more of the “Psychic Photography From A New Angle” lantern slides on the Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums Flickr Commons.

17 Sep 13:20

Признание в любви Concorde с помощью Hasselblad

139 0


Фотограф Фрэнк Шрамм (р.1957 г.) любил самолеты с самого детства. В 1989 году во время обеда в аэропорту в Париже, он увидел как взлетает Concorde. Невероятная машина проплыла над ним ниоткуда взявшись и в никуда. Фрэнк чуть не подавился куском пирога. С тех пор вооруженный Hasselblad он по всему миру еще долго охотился за этими металлическими птицами. Выставки Френка проходят по всему миру. Отпечаток 48x48 стоит от $ 3000.










Автопортрет #1, Франческа Вудман (Рим, 1978) Игры с зеркалом знаменитых фотографов

Зеркало всегда привлекало к себе художников и фотографов в основном из-за его зазеркальной сущности. Изображая зеркало они всегда имели в виду не столько прямое отражение, сколько возникновение самостоятельной параллельной реальности.

thomasherbrich_00 Thomas Herbrich на три месяца погрузился в магический дымок

Немецкий фотограф Thomas Herbrich провел последние три месяца за съемкой струй дыма. Его голова кружилась и мозг раздражали разные специфические образы.Он сделал 100 000 фотографий дымовых шлейфов, пытаясь поймать идеальный момент, когда она образует неясные знакомые очертания.




11 Aug 16:35

hollyhocksandtulips: Hermosa Beach, CA, 1948 Photo by John...



hollyhocksandtulips:

Hermosa Beach, CA, 1948

Photo by John Florea

09 May 07:59

Photo

Olena Bulygina

I don't dress even for the weather :(



12 Jul 21:08

Fine Art Photography by Emma Hartvig

by antonliberant

Emma Hartvig 650x433 Fine Art Photography by Emma Hartvig

Emma Hartvig is a talented fine art photographer from Sweden, who currently based in London, UK. She studied at London College of Communication and Nicolai School of Arts.

Emma Hartvig2 650x347 Fine Art Photography by Emma Hartvig

Emma Hartvig3 650x376 Fine Art Photography by Emma Hartvig

Emma Hartvig4 650x367 Fine Art Photography by Emma Hartvig

Emma Hartvig5 650x433 Fine Art Photography by Emma Hartvig

via photogrist.com


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