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03 Mar 12:37

7.3 Billion People, One Building

by Tim Urban

Note: As steadfast and reliable as the “New post every Tuesday(ish)” posting schedule has been, we’re changing things up. Full explanation here.

___________

After a year and a half of writing Wait But Why posts, I’ve noticed a theme: humans seem to come up a lot.

Sometimes we talk about where humans came from or where we might be going or how we’re all related; other times we look at how we interact and communicate and form relationships. We’ve talked about rich humans and famous humans and baby humans and dead humans and humans from all over the world. We’ve explored what it means to be a human, what it means to be a good human, and whether we’re all alone in the universe. And we’ve spent a lot of time trying to figure out what really matters most in this one, short human life.

But somehow, we made it through all of that discussion without ever asking the most important question of all about humans—

How big a building would you need to fit them all in it?

It’s a question that’s tantalized almost no one through the ages, and today we’re gonna tackle it hard.

But before we ask all 7.3 billion humans to stop what they’re doing so I can arrange and bunch them together at my whim, let’s discuss the number 7.3 billion.

The first thing to note is that when I did a post on population density in August of 2013, the number I kept referring to was 7.1 billion. The world population has grown by 194,000,000, or almost 3%, since then.

Second, 7.3 billion people is a lot of people. If each living human were represented by a dry grain of rice, the rice would fill a cube-shaped box with a side of 6.1 meters,1 or about 20 feet—around the size of a two-story house.

Rice

That’s a lot of rice grains.

And how about 7.3 billion grains of sand? Well according to this delightful chart, “sand” can mean a lot of things. 7.3 billion “very coarse” grains (about 2mm in diameter) would fill a large cubic room with a height of 4m (13ft). 7.3 billion medium-size grains (.25mm in diameter) would fill a medium, 46cm high (1.5ft) cardboard box. And 7.3 billion of the finest, .0625mm sand grains (any smaller and it wouldn’t be sand anymore—it would be silt) would take up about 1,700 cubic centimeters of space, almost but not quite filling a 2-liter soda bottle.

Also, walking 7.3 billion steps would take you around the Earth…150 times. (At two steps per second, that would take you 115 years.) (I’m doing that thing where I’m going on divergent math spirals during the post and then just putting what I figured out into the actual post. I’ll try to stay on topic here but it won’t be easy. Let’s keep going.)

7.3 billion humans in one-dimensional configurations

The first activity today will be putting all humans in a single file line. We’ll start near Quito, Ecuador, right on the equator, and the line will follow the equator. We’ll begin with Carlos. Stand here, Carlos.

Carlos

Second in line will be Daniela. Third is you, Andrea.1 Since we’re trying to be efficient, I want everyone to stand as close as possible to the people in front of you and behind you without actually touching. Some people will require more or less space than others because people are different sizes, but let’s assume each person we add to the line will make the line one foot (about 30cm) longer on average.2

Carlos and Others

So we do this for a while and the line gets longer and longer. We build bridges over oceans and tunnels through mountains to make a clean line along the equator. Eventually, the line goes around the whole Earth gets back to Carlos. But we’ve only gotten through 131 million people—less than 2% of humans—so we’ll need to wind around the Earth again. And again. Finally, halfway through the 56th loop, on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, we get to the final human, and we’re done.

Okay that kind of annoyed me because it ended up in the shape of spring, not a line. Let’s try another way.

Carlos, stand on the X again. We’re gonna have Daniela stand on your shoulders, and then Andrea’s gonna stand on hers, and we’ll just keep going up from there.

Tower

The average human is 165cm (5’5″) tall, but about a foot of that is from the shoulders to the top of the head, so when we add someone onto the top person’s shoulders, the height of the tower rises by an average of about 134cm (4’5″).

We stack and stack and eventually, we reach the moon. Unfortunately, we’ve only used 286 million people at this point and have 96% of humans still left to go. By the time we finally finish, the tower is 9.8 million km (6.1m miles) high, and we’re around 1/5th of the way to Mars, 1/4th of the way to Venus, and 1/15th of the way to the sun.2

How about if we all held hands and formed a huge circle? Let’s say that we’ll stand side-by-side, holding hands, which is enough distance apart to take up about three feet (91cm) of the circle each.

3 Feet

Continuing like this, our final circle has a circumference of 6.6 million km (4.1m miles) and a diameter of 2.1 million km (1.3m miles).

Circle

While we’re all out there holding hands and dying instantly from being in space without suits, the Earth will look to us around the same size as the moon usually looks in our night sky.

Okay one dimensional shapes are pretty inconvenient for everyone—let’s reel things in and try this in two dimensions:

7.3 billion humans in two-dimensional configurations

The addition of a second dimension to our human shapes makes the species seem a lot smaller.

When arranging humans in two dimensions, the first question we need to ask is, “How much ground area does each human need when we’re bunching them all together as closely as we can without killing everyone?” The answer, for this post, is .1 square meters, giving us a rate of 10 people per square meters.

How Many People Can Fit in a Square Meter Comfortably-ish?

The quest for this answer brought me to the most obscure corners of the internet, where I came across two key groups of bored people. The first one shows nine Canadian journalists choosing to spend time positioning themselves together into one square meter. Doing so gives each of them an average of one 33cm x 33cm (13″ x 13″) square to stand in. You can see in the video that while it’s definitely tight, no one is forced to molest anyone else and everyone can breathe.

But that’s using all adults. The world’s median age is 29, and the youngest billion humans tend to be quite little. The second case brings us across the world to a random New Zealand elementary school, where a teacher has decided to get cute and cram as many kids as she can into a square meter. She maxes out at a shocking 22 kids.

Putting these two performances together, it seems reasonable to say that 10 humans per square meter is a safe estimate for what we can use as our human-bunching metric. Nine adults in the square managed fine and the addition of children into the mix should be able to easily increase that total by one to 10 (yes, some adults are much larger than average, but others are tiny—the world’s average adult is a not-that-large 62kg (137lb) person).

At 10 people per square meter, we can fit 1,000 people in a 10m x 10m square. A basketball court is 28m x 15m, which means we can fit 4,200 people on one, all in bounds.

We can fit 54,000 people on an American football field, which is large enough to hold the entire population of Liechtenstein or Monaco, and if we expand our field to the size of a soccer field—sorry, a football pitch—we can hold over 71,000 people, more than enough space to contain the population of Greenland.

Tiananmen Square is pretty huge—880m x 500m or just under half a square kilometer.

china-tiananmen-square-aerial

Credit: Keith Higgons

 If it were empty, it could hold 4.4 million people, or the entire population of Croatia, Oman, Lebanon, Panama, Moldova, Uruguay, Kuwait, Mongolia, or Lithuania.

A full square kilometer could fit 10 million people—the population of a megacity—and you could pack all 26 million Scandinavians—everyone in Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark3—into one square mile.

scandinavia

Central Park, with an area of 3.41 square km (1.3 sq mi), could easily hold the population of Australia, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Peru, Venezuela, Malaysia, Nepal, Mozambique or Syria. You could fit all 13.9 million Jews into Central Park and still have room for the population of Romania, Chile, or the Netherlands. The entire human race in 5,000 BC, which historians estimate to be between 5 – 20 million people, would fill up at most a little over half of Central Park.

We’re just getting started, so settle in.

You could squeeze all 320 million Americans into a 5.7km x 5.7km (3.5mi x 3.5mi) square, which would take less than five hours to walk around.

Americans

And a square 10km x 10km (6.2mi x 6.2mi), or a small island about twice the size of Bermuda, could hold a billion people (which you could walk the perimeter of in about 8 hours). A slightly larger island, Martha’s Vineyard, has an area of 226km2 and could fit all the world’s Christians on it [insert your own wisecrack here]. Alternatively, Martha’s Vineyard could fit the entire combined population of North America and South America…and still have room for the entire population of Africa. As for the world’s females, if they ever got annoyed with men and wanted to start a club, they could hold their membership-wide meetings in the 360km2 Gaza Strip.

Anyway, what we really want to know is how big a piece of land we’d need to hold everyone—all 7.3 billion of us. And the answer is, a 27km x 27km (16.8mi x 16.8mi) square.

All Humans

That square is smaller than Bahrain. And on top of Africa, it would look like this:

Africa

The square is also smaller than New York City.

NYC has an area of 786 square km, or 303 sq mi, and the whole human race could fit inside it—with room for another half a billion people. Specifically:

  • Manhattan could fit 590 million people
  • Brooklyn could fit 1.38 billion people
  • Queens could fit 2.83 billion people
  • The Bronx could fit 1.09 billion people
  • Staten Island could fit 1.51 billion people

So let’s try it. First by geographic region:

NYC1

How’s everyone doing down there?

Crowd

Great. Now, let’s shift around and organize by religion:

NYC2

So that’s how much ground space the human race takes up—but that’s only talking about the living humans.

Scientists’ estimates for the total number of humans who have ever lived4 tend to range from 90 to 110 billion people. The most common estimates are around 108 billion total humans. Using that assumption, a little under 7% of all people who have ever lived are alive right now:

108B

We just had a Dinner Table discussion about which dead human we’d like to bring back to life—but what if we brought all dead humans back? How much space would we need to make room for them?

We’d need 10,800 square kilometers—a square with a side of 103km (65mi)—which would easily fit inside Jamaica, Qatar, Kuwait, The Gambia, or Connecticut.

Continuing into hypothetical world, we could fit a trillion people in South Korea, Iceland, Guatemala, or Cuba, and if we covered every square meter of the Earth’s land with people, it would fit 1.48 quadrillion people—200,000 times the current world population. To finish the job, let’s cover the entire surface of the Earth with people—including oceans—to bring the total people that could fit on an Earth-sized planet to a little over five quadrillion people.3

And that’s all fine, but my grandfathers didn’t fight in World War II so I could write posts about two-dimensional things. Time to get in the ring with the big boys.

7.3 billion humans in three-dimensional configurations

Sticking with our 10 humans per square meter of floor metric, we bring height into the equation using the worldwide average human height of 165cm (65in).4 So we can build ourselves a booth with a square meter base and a 1.65 meter height that will fit 10 average humans. This gives us our 3D metric—.165m3/person, or 6.06 people per cubic meter.

When we put lots of people in three-dimensional buildings, we’ll do it by building different height “floors”—some floors would be higher than 1.65m for taller people, others would be shorter than average for shorter people, but each person would be on a floor where the ceiling was just a few millimeters above their head, and the floors would average out to be 1.65m high each.

The Empire State Building has a volume of 1.05 million cubic meters, which when hollowed out and replaced with our new “floors” would hold 6.3 million very unhappy people.

AT&T Stadium, home of the Dallas Cowboys, is a huge domed structure with a volume of 2.94 million cubic meters. With the addition of floors, it could hold 17.6 million people. That’s big enough to fit the entire population of Dallas…plus the populations of New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, San Francisco, and Boston.

The largest building in the world, volume-wise, is the Boeing Everett Factory in Washington State. With a 900m x 495m base (which almost exactly matches the dimensions of Tiananmen Square) and a ceiling over 33m high, the factory’s volume is 13.3 million cubic meters—which we could fit all the world’s French people into with room left over for all the Belgians as well (78.7 million person capacity).

But if we’re gonna fit all of us into a single building, nothing currently on Earth is going to work—we have to build it ourselves.

At .165 meters per person, we’ll need a little over 1.2 billion cubic meters, or just over one cubic kilometer (1.204km3 to be exact).5 This cubic building would have a side of 1.07km (about 2/3 of a mile), giving it a base of about 1.1km—a little over double the size of the Boeing Factory base—and a height of 1,070m (3,511 feet), which is 29% taller than the Burj Khalifa, the world’s tallest skyscraper. That’s a large building, but neither the base nor the height alone are unfathomable by modern architectural standards. Here’s what it would look like if we built it in Manhattan (with other structures added for reference):

Cube1

Cube2

Cube3

Somewhere in that building is you. Somewhere else are all your friends. Somewhere in there is a 16-year-old Cambodian girl and all her friends. Somewhere is a Somali pirate, his barber, and all his barber’s friends. Every NBA player is in there, along with every rockstar, movie star, supermodel, and politician. Every bartender and construction worker and priest and lawyer and prisoner and princess and soldier and dentist are somewhere in that building, along with all 1.4 billion Chinese people, every blond person, and every member of ISIS.

The human race, which seems overwhelmingly large in one dimension when it’s wrapping 55 times around the Earth or forming a circle that dwarfs the moon’s orbit, seems much more manageable when it can fit inside Bahrain or New York City with room to spare and almost quaint when organized neatly into a cube that would take you only 20 minutes to jog around.

And with that, our initial goal is accomplished. But what if, instead of ending this post here, we went just one step further? After all that work, who wants to stop now while there’s still so much empty space in all of our atoms?

7.3 Billion Humans Compressed Down to Their Atomic Nuclei

Every atom’s different, but a general ballpark rule is that an atom’s diameter is about 100,000 times larger than the diameter of its nucleus, the thing that carries nearly all of the atom’s mass. Translated into three dimensions, that means an atom’s nucleus makes up only around one quadrillionth of an atom’s total volume. The way I visualize this is by imagining an atom to be a cubic kilometer—a hollow cube taller than the tallest skyscraper (around the size of our humanity cube above). This building is so large that if you were inside it, hanging from the ceiling, and you let go, it would take you about 15 seconds of free fall before you hit the ground. If you’re standing on one side of the base, it would take you about 12 minutes to walk across to the other.

If that huge cube is an atom, somewhere in the middle is a 1 cm3 sugar cube—and that’s the nucleus. And the atom’s mass would be about exactly the mass of the sugar cube, which takes up one quadrillionth of the total space. Just about all of the other 999,999,999,999,999 quadrillionths of the atom is massless, empty space.

Your body’s mass is the combined masses of the sugar cubes in the middle of each of your body’s atoms.

So how big is the human race really? When we get rid of the empty space in all the atoms of all 7.3 billion people, what are we left with?

An M&M.

M&M

Not even, actually. The volume of a human is about .0664 cubic meters, putting the combined volume of all humans at about 485 million cubic meters. When we reduce that to one quadrillionth of its size, we get .485 cubic centimeters. An M&M is .636cm3, about 30% too large. A Skittle is too large too (.74cm3), as are a quarter (.809cm3) and a nickel (.689cm3). It’s pretty hard to find everyday objects as small as .485cm3 (a US penny works, but at .433cm3, falls just short of fitting us all in it).

And that’s where we’ll end things today. With an M&M weighing 450 million tonnes—heavier than 75 Pyramids of Giza—that we could all fit into if someone squished us hard enough.

___________

If you liked this post, here are four more posts in the Pointless Calculations category:

What Could You Buy With $241 Trillion? More cubes. Gold ones this time.

What Does a Quadrillion Sour Patch Kids Look Like? Candy cubes in space.

Putting the world’s oceans, lakes, and rivers in cubes. Water cubes.

What if all 7.1 Billion People Moved to Tunisia? No cubes, but another post experimenting with the human population, but less abusive to the stick figures.


  1. According to this possibly-accurate list of popular Ecuadorian names, Carlos, Daniela, and Andrea are red hot right now.

  2. This metric system / non-metric system thing is unbelievably annoying. Almost half of WBW readers are from metric system countries, so I can’t just use imperial units, but a little over half of readers are from the US, so I can’t just use the metric system either, because feet and miles are a bit more intuitive to all those people. So I’ll just put calculations in both systems, which is annoying for everyone—because the US decided to stick with a totally nonsensical system of measurement.

  3. Not useful information.

  4. Super awkward to start this section with such a mundane sentence after rousing things up so much at the end of the last section.

  5. While I was at it, I worked out that to fit all 108 billion humans that have ever lived, we’d need a cubic building with sides of 2.6km.


  1. There are about 7,000 grains of rice to a cup, or to 240mL, which translates to 7.3 billion grains filling 251 cubic meters. (In this post, gray square footnotes will be for calculations and other technical details. Blue circles for extraneous thoughts and facts.)

  2. At the closest they ever come to Earth, Mars is 33.9 million miles away, Venus is 24m miles away, and the sun is 93m miles away.

  3. The definition of Scandinavia is a little confusing. Some people exclude Denmark or Finland, others include Iceland. The most common definition seems to be those four countries.

  4. using 50,000 BC as a starting date for humans.

The post 7.3 Billion People, One Building appeared first on Wait But Why.

03 Mar 06:10

Western screech owl in a cactus!



Western screech owl in a cactus!

01 Mar 22:37

dragon-bourn:In case you are sad here is a picture of ducklings...



dragon-bourn:

In case you are sad here is a picture of ducklings wearing paper dresses

;.; they are so fancy!

27 Feb 18:05

Den första tranan har kommit till Sverige

by Klartext

Det här är den första tranan som kom till Hornborgasjön i år. Foto: Torbjörn Skogedal.

Lyssna: "Det är otroligt tidigt!", säger fågelexperten Åke Abrahamsson.

Ett tecken på att våren är på väg är när olika fåglar kommer tillbaka från utlandet. Till exempel har den första tranan nu kommit till Hornborgasjön i Västergötland. Det är ovanligt tidigt, säger Åke Abrahamsson som vet mycket om fåglar.

Klicka om du vill läsa mer!

– Det är alldeles otroligt! Jag tror inte att det har hänt i februari månad någon gång tidigare, säger Åke Abrahamsson på Falbygdens fågelklubb.

I vanliga fall kommer tranorna till Sverige först i mars. Men nu har den första tranan alltså redan kommit.

En del fåglar gillar inte kylan
Många fåglar flyttar till varmare länder på vintern. Nu har en del fåglar kommit tillbaka.

En plats dit särskilt många tranor och andra flyttfåglar brukar komma är just Hornborgasjön, som ligger nära städerna Skara, Skövde och Falköping. Senare på våren kommer många tusen tranor dit.

Våren har börjat i Sydsverige
Den här veckan är den första veckan som vi har vår här i Sverige. För experter på vädermyndigheten SMHI har sagt att det nu är så varmt att det räknas som vår. Fast våren har bara kommit till södra Sverige och i resten av landet är det fortfarande vinter.

 

25 Feb 16:36

Karl Martens: Watercolor Paintings

by My Owl Barn
claudzim

Without legs!















I recently discovered the gorgeous work of Karl Martens an artist from San Francisco. He paints his birds from memory using watercolors and charcoal on hand-made paper.

"I look at a bird and a specific expression or posture, which particularly expresses the personality of the bird, sticks in my mind. Then I paint..." 

Some of his paintings are available in form of limited edition prints for purchase at Art.com.
19 Feb 03:22

elodieunderglass:fuckchristmasss:thatsmoderatelyraven:burntpicass...

claudzim

I thought this was interesting because I distinctly remember George Washington's fake teeth from Day of the Tentacle.



elodieunderglass:

fuckchristmasss:

thatsmoderatelyraven:

burntpicasso:

dripping-adorableness:

myuncreativeurl:

Wow

Happy Presidents’ Day

Shit they leave out of the textbook #4838821

Can someone please cite this

"Slaves of the eighteenth century sometimes turned to the perfectly acceptable means of making money by selling their teeth to dentists. Since at least the end of the Middle Ages, poor people had often sold their teeth for use in both dentures and in tooth-transplant operations for those wealthy enough to afford the procedures. Sometimes the teeth were perfectly healthy; others were diseased and needed to be pulled anyway."

"The following year, in May of 1784, Washington paid several unnamed "Negroes," presumably Mount Vernon slaves, 122 shillings for nine teeth, slightly less than one-third the going rate advertised in the papers, "on acct. of the French Dentis [sic} Doctr. Lemay [sic],” almost certainly Le Moyer. Over the next four years, the dentist was a frequent and apparently favorite guest on the plantation. Whether the Mount Vernon slaves sold their teeth to the dentist for any patient who needed them or specifically for George Washington is unknown, although Washington’s payment suggests that they were for his own use. ” Source

(Fictional lady in Les Miserables sells her teeth to rich people)

Everyone: O how tragic! how poignant! how unjust!

(Famous real life rich person wears slave teeth)

Everyone: Oh I don’t know. that probably didn’t happen. they were definitely wood

16 Feb 15:28

De svenska pengarna ska bytas ut

by Klartext

Foto: Åsa Rönnqvist/SR

Lyssna: "Använd dina gamla pengar", säger riksbakschefen Stefan Ingevs.

Från och med i höst ska Sverige få en del nya sedlar och mynt. Bland annat ska vi få en 200-kronorssedel. Idag visades de nya svenska pengarna upp.

Klicka på texten för att läsa mer:

De nya mynten är gjorda av en annan, lättare metall än tidigare, därför väger de nya mynten mindre.

Pippi Långstrump-pengar
I oktober får vi börja använda de nya pengarna. Då kommer det bland annat nya 20-lappar med författaren Astrid Lindgren och sagofiguren Pippi Långstrump på. Vi får också en 200-kronorssedel och en 2-krona.

De gamla pengarna blir värdelösa
I år börjar vi alltså att byta ut de gamla pengarna. Under år 2017 får vi inte längre använda de gamla pengarna att handla för. Därför är det bra att ta vara på de gamla mynt man kan ha hemma och använda dem innan de blir ogiltiga, säger Riksbankens chef, Stefan Ingves:
- De mynten blir ju ogiltiga efter 2017 och därför är vår uppmaning att man handlar för pengarna så att de gamla pengarna kommer in.

16 Feb 19:32

The daily Olso-Tromsö-Longyearbyen/Svalbard/Spitsbergen flight approaches Tromsö

by nobody@flickr.com (roomman)

roomman posted a photo:

The daily Olso-Tromsö-Longyearbyen/Svalbard/Spitsbergen flight approaches Tromsö

Beautiful day in Tromsö/Norway

14 Feb 15:35

What just happened I don’t even













What just happened I don’t even

13 Feb 15:02

Yvonne Herbst: Felted Creatures

by My Owl Barn














Born in Germany Yvonne Herbst is presently working and living in Everett, Washington. After graduating with Bachelor in Arts degree  from Waldorf school she worked as a painter for 10 years at Pixar Animation Studios but felt she needed to branch out and find other mediums to work with. She taught herself sewing and started to create amazing life-like creatures. Her needle felted animals have distinctive personality and character. It takes about a week for Herbst to make one single animal. 

"The idea to try felting swam around in my head for a year or so before I just bought a small amount of roving and a few needles," she says.

She has an online store Yvonne's Workshop where she sells her needle felted animals. You can join her on facebook for updates on her new work and to see her work in the past.

13 Feb 16:45

This Tetris-inspired home decor will fit perfectly into your life

by Megan Finley
Tetris Game - Large - Vinyl Wall Art Decals
Tetris Game – Large – Vinyl Wall Art Decals

Alright, last week we talked about home goods inspired by Final Fantasy, which is a video game I know nothing about. This week, let's talk about home goods inspired by the one and only video game I do play: Tetris. I freaking LOVE me some Tetris.

You can imagine, then, my immense pleasure when stumbling upon this bedding design on ModCloth

tetris beddingIt's called the "Next Level" bedding. It's adorable. They even have that Tetris light

tetris lightAs one review said of the Tetris light, "There are no words for the nerdy awesomeness this exudes."

tetris fridge decalThis Tetris Fridge Decal can turn your fridge into a giant Game Boy. But the coolest part… it's not just for fridges: you can use this on your cabinets as well!

tetris shelvesOh Tetrad Shelving Unit, I have as much lust for you as there are ways in which you could display you. WOW.

glass brick tetris wallOr maybe you have a Tetris wall in your home and not even know it!

1c43_tetris_fail_blanketOkay, I do NOT like the Epic Fail Tetris blanket. It's like a blanket of anxiety. Not cool, Think Geek, not cool.

Your turn: have you spotted awesome Tetris-inspired home decor? Or maybe other Nintendo-themed home decor would be to your liking?

This post features offbeat affiliates, meaning that if you buy something featured, you'll be financially supporting this site's mission of bringing awesomeness to readers everywhere.

Recent Comments

  • Meg: Tetris on the TI-83+ got me through middle and high school math/science classes. (Not that they weren't interesting, but I … [Link]
  • miss mouse: We bought the Tetris lamp for our friends as a housewarming gift a couple of years ago. I kinda wish … [Link]
  • Megan Finley: Yussssssss. high five. [Link]
  • Megan Finley: Duvet cover! ;) [Link]
  • Erinnyes: You have outdone yourself again, Megan. I need all of this in my life. [Link]

+ 4 more! Join the discussion

06 Feb 12:15

seananmcguire:judgemilkman: hablup: This looks like a fuckin...



seananmcguire:

judgemilkman:

hablup:

This looks like a fuckin pokemon battle.

wild encounter

Shoulda brought your Pikachu.

ALWAYS REBLOG SANDHILL CRANES

06 Feb 02:17

dollsahoy:derinthemadscientist:mister-boss:fake-tumlbr:vice-of-vi...

claudzim

This is relevant!



dollsahoy:

derinthemadscientist:

mister-boss:

fake-tumlbr:

vice-of-virtue:

doctormemelordmd:

fangirling-so-hard-rn:

nowyoukno:

Now You Know (Source)

Crows are scary
They

  • use tools
  • Can be taught to speak (like parrots)
  • Have huge brains for birds
  • like seriously their brain-to-body size ratio is equal to that of a chimpanzee
  • They vocalize anger, sadness, or happiness in response to things
  • they are scary smart at solving puzzles
  • some ravens stay with their mates until one of them dies
  • they can remember faces
  • SIDENOTE HERE BECAUSE HOLY SHIT.  They did an experiment where these guys wore masks and some of them fucked with crows.  Pretty soon the crows recognized the masks = douchebag.  But the nice guys with masks they left alone.  THEN, OH WE’RE NOT DONE, NO SIR crows that WEREN’T EVEN IN THE EXPERIMENT AND NEVER SAW THE MASK BEFORE knew about mask-dudes and attacked them on sight.  THEY PASSED ON THE FUCKING INFORMATION TO THEIR CROW BUDDIES.
  • They remember places where crows were killed by farmers and change their migration patterns.

Guys I’m really scared of crows now.
(q

Yeah but have you seen this 

image

YEAH! THEY ALSO PLAY FOR NO EVIDENT REASON OTHER THAN FUN AND THEY LOVE THE SNOW!
Crows are seriously the coolest birbs ever.

well, feeling the need for entertainment also kinda indicates intelligence, so. 

btw i have seen them playing in the snow for no reason many times. i loved it when they found a slope covered entirely in ice and started sliding down it together repeatedly.

I want 30 crow friends. How do I attract them to my house?

Give them food. Boom, crow friends.

My Mom once wanted to decorate the orchard kinda like a fairly land, which involved one spot of iridescent glass marbles scattered around a statue at the base of a tree.  A few months later, we discovered that the local crows had been picking up the shiny marbles and poking them into holes in a nearby dead tree.

28 Jan 21:00

Thou Shalt Not Pick And Choose

Restaurant | London, England, UK

(I and my girlfriend work at the same restaurant, I’m the head chef and she’s the manager. We’re both women and although we don’t hide our relationship, we don’t flaunt it either. My girlfriend has finished for the day and the owner has come in to cover her. She comes into the kitchen to say goodbye to everyone and kisses me (a very brief kiss on the lips) then leaves. Five minutes later the owner comes in to me to say a complaint has been made by a customer regarding a ‘lesbionic’ relationship.)

Owner: “This woman’s being a right b**** about it, saying she won’t pay for her meal, it ruined her night, it’s blasphemous, and everyone’s going to Hell.”

Me: “She’s one of those. I’ll go deal with her.”

(I go to the customer and introduce myself as the head chef. She’s about 30, expensively dressed (her dress looks silk but the belt, collar, & cuffs are sequined), lots of jewellery, and a tattoo on her ankle of rosary beads. She’s with a man a little older that her, clean shaven, short back and sides hair cut.)

Customer: “The food was delicious. Are you in charge? Do you know you have lesbians in your kitchen? Maybe you should tell them not everyone wants to see that sort of thing. It’s terribly upsetting and offensive to my religious beliefs.”

(I have done my fair share of reading on the subject of homosexuality and the Bible, so I have an answer well prepared for people like her.)

Me: “Have you read the Bible? Timothy 2:9 says ‘I want the women to dress modestly, with decency and propriety, not adorning themselves with gold or pearls or expensive clothes.’ That’s some nice jewellery you’re wearing. It also says, Leviticus 19:19 ‘Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material.’ Your silk dress is beautiful, as are the collar and cuffs. In a different material. It also says Leviticus 19:28 ‘Do not cut your bodies for the dead or put tattoo marks on yourselves.’ I like your rosary tattoo. It also says Leviticus 19:27 ‘Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard.’ Your husband looks very smart tonight. It also says Leviticus 11:8 ‘You must not eat their meat or touch their carcasses; they are unclean for you.’ And Leviticus 11:10 ‘And all that have not fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers, of all that move in the waters, they shall be an abomination unto you.” I believe they refer to pork and shellfish. How was your ‘surf & turf?’ We only use the best pork sausages and finest lobster.”

(The man sits there with his head bowed but the woman stares at me with pure hatred.)

Me: “Now, I don’t know about you but it seems silly that you are willing to overlook all those sins about yourself and focus on one thing that isn’t even mentioned in the Bible. If I was as judgemental as you I would say you only kicked up a fuss to get out of paying for you meal. But that’s like stealing. I’ll send a waitress over with your bill.”

(I went back to cooking. I could hear a couple of other customers laughing at the woman. The husband paid, leaving a big tip. I could see them outside having what looked like a pretty good argument!)

26 Jan 13:07

daveio: pervocracy: The best comedy about North Korea, far...



daveio:

pervocracy:

The best comedy about North Korea, far better than The Interview, was made six years ago.

It’s called The Red Chapel, and it’s a documentary about two Danish-Korean comedians (and their director/manager) who go to North Korea to perform for Kim Jong Il.  The idea they had was that they would do subversive comedy, they would come up with a sketch that looked like goofy slapstick but slyly mocked the North Korean government, and it would be a hilarious slap in the face to do it right in front of Kim Jong Il.  That big silly wouldn’t even know they were making fun of him!  Ha!

Over the course of their stay in North Korea, the idea falls apart.  It becomes clear during rehearsals that their government minders are very aware of anything that could be the slightest bit subversive (or even really funny), and if any of that makes it into the final performance, the consequences will be very bad.  Anything remotely satirical gets cut from the routine very early on.

Things go from demoralizing to horrific when the government minders take them on outings to see life in North Korea.  Of course everyone they see looks totally fine and claims everything is wonderful.  But one of the comedians has cerebral palsy, and he starts asking: why don’t I see any people like me?  We’ve been here for weeks, and seen thousands of people; how is it that not one of them is visibly disabled?

He doesn’t get an answer.  He breaks down emotionally and refuses to keep going along with the charade, but because his voice is hard for the North Korean minders to understand, the director “translates” his protests into praise for the regime.  He’s trying to protect his friend but it’s awful and cruel and gut-wrenchingly hard to watch the scenes where the comedian is screaming “that’s not what I said!” and the director is frantically whispering “just play along!” at him.

In the end, they go out in front of a heavily coached audience and do a completely harmless show with kazoos and spring snakes and silly costumes.  All hope for satire breaks down and they give exactly the show the government minders wanted, because it’s the only thing they can do.  Subversiveness wouldn’t be clever; it might be fatal.  Instead of getting away with something, they end up hating themselves and violating their own principles.  They came to mess around with a silly weird country that doesn’t know how ridiculous it is, and instead they found themselves surrounded by very serious and real and terrifying oppression.

The Red Chapel isn’t funny, and totally fails to satirize or expose or change anything, and that’s why it’s the only good comedy about North Korea.

I watched this a little while ago and STRONGLY recommend it. All of the above is true.

26 Jan 02:59

lindseywalnut: utterlyfubar: rcmclachlan: doodlyood: spinach...



lindseywalnut:

utterlyfubar:

rcmclachlan:

doodlyood:

spinachandrice:

theonewholovesbooks:

thatfilthyanimal:

fawnthefeminist:

Young women are having difficulty accessing tubal ligation, despite it being a relatively safe (death rate is 1-2 per 100,000) and elective surgery.

There is a waiting period of 30 days for women seeking tubal ligation, yet no waiting period for men seeking vasectomies. 

(Source)

Young women are often discriminated against when seeking sterilization. Many doctors ask offensive questions (“What if you met a billionaire who wanted to have kids with you?”), state categorically that their patients are too young to consider the surgery, and generally act as though, as one woman who tried unsuccessfully to be sterilized at the age of 21 in the U.K. put it, ”just because I was a woman, I’d reach a point where an urge to breed would overcome all rational thought.” (Perhaps unsurprisingly, that woman’s 25-year-old husband faced no such presumptions when he asked his doctor for a vasectomy. The procedure was quickly approved.)

(Source)

Say that at 18 I slap down enough money so I could have my whole body covered head-to-toe in tattoos, piercings all over myself, a mountain of cigarettes, plastic surgery, and plan to have like 20 babies… but if I try at all to safely make it impossible for me to breed for the sake of my health suddenly its like WOAH THERE SLOW DOWN MISSY YOU’RE NOT READY FOR THIS KIND OF COMMITMENT YET

I have stage III Endometriosis, which means I have to get my uterus removed because I literally have terrible cramps ALL THE TIME and not just when I’m on my period. Now, I’ve always said I don’t want any children for personal reasons and I don’t need my uterus, really. I am not worried about that surgery and I don’t feel any kind of nostalgia over an organ I won’t ever use. 

The thing is, my doctor is a ‘man’. This ‘man’ told me I had to get pregnant right now before it’s too late. I told him I didn’t want to get pregnant and explained the multiple reasons but what, do you ask, did my doctor have to say about this? 'Well, better have a kid now because just imagine how depressing it must be being a thirty-something woman without children and a husband?'

I was diagnosed a year ago. I should have gone through surgery six months ago and I still can’t find a doctor that will perform the surgery without trying to force me to have children first. Basically, if you’re a woman you don’t have a say in what can and cannot be done to your body without a shitload of people getting in the way AND I’M FUCKING SICK OF IT.

Women are getting non-consensually sterilized in prison but no doctors in my area while tie my tubes at 24 because I might regret it? Fuck you, doctors. I have more purpose in life than dropping babies. Some of those women in prison are probably great moms and I have no interest in parenting. Let us have a say!

A dear friend of mine wanted to have her tubes tied.  She was about to give birth to twins and the doctors wouldn’t consent because she wasn’t 21 yet.  She had already had children and they still refused to let her have the procedure.

My friend got a vasectomy a week after asking his doctor for one, no problem. He was 25.

Me? I’ve asked 4 different doctors for some kind of permanent sterilisation—tubal ligation or Essure or whatever—and I get a pat on the head and a “You’d regret it if you did.”

Oh, DIDN’T REALIZE YOU HAD A DIRECT LINE TO MY BRAIN.

On the flip side, as a vagina-having person who had her tubes tied at the age of 26 (after having 4 children, however):

MY HUSBAND HAD TO SIGN A CONSENT FORM IN ORDER FOR ME TO HAVE THE PROCEDURE DONE.

How many times have we heard stories about husbands having vasectomies behind their wives backs and never telling them, letting those wives wallow in guilt and misery, thinking it’s their fault that they can’t get pregnant?

And yet I had had to get my husband’s permission to have my tubes tied.

(Obviously this was a decision we’d talked about extensively beforehand, so it’s not like he was about to say no, but we both couldn’t believe the fucking audacity of the hospital, asking HIS permission for ME to do something with MY body.  In fact, he said as much to the nurse that brought in the forms.)

This is fucked up. Your body is no one’s business but your own. Even if there’s no law against young sterilization, women still suffer just from societal expectations, which influence doctors who are unable to be objective. People think they’re being caring but are actually just afraid of anything that goes outside of their preconceived notions of what people should do with their lives. 

25 Jan 11:48

Take no chances

by nobody@flickr.com (roomman)

roomman posted a photo:

Take no chances

25 Jan 00:22

ZING



ZING

24 Jan 17:18

Interior View

Interior View Interior View


24 Jan 16:00

Acting Out Of Border

Retail | Kehl, Germany

(I am shopping in a store in Germany, really close to the French border, and only one full line is open. An elderly woman with only one melon asks the cashier if they could open a second line, which they do. When the second line opens, another woman with a full cart rushes in the other line to be first. The elderly women with the melon is second, and I am third.)

Elderly Woman: *in German* “Please, I only have one item to buy. May I go through?”

Other Woman: *in French* “I don’t understand what you say. Please stay behind.”

Me: *in French* “She just wanted to go through since she only has one item.”

Other Woman: *in French* “Aw, what a shame. I was here first! And she could at least speak to me in French! Tell her she has to stay behind like everyone else would have.”

Elderly Woman: *in French too* “Are you kidding me? You French people cross the border to do grocery shopping here and WE have to speak in French? Also, I was waiting in the other line and asked for a new line. You just rushed like you were the only one in the store. How impolite is that?”

Other Woman: *still in French* “I don’t believe how rude those Germans are. You can be assured that I won’t shop here again!”

(The cashier finally let the elderly woman pass first, while the other woman was grumbling. Hopefully she’ll be more cooperative next time.)

24 Jan 17:49

carry-on-my-wayward-butt: jennifermorriswan: frog-and-toad-are-...













carry-on-my-wayward-butt:

jennifermorriswan:

frog-and-toad-are-friends:

freedummring:

cubebreaker:

This helpful guide about what 200 calories looks like reminds us just how much healthy food we’re giving up each time we have a treat.

yeah, asshole. how dare you eat an order of french fries when you could have literally shoved 22 banana peppers in your fucking face-hole. what a piece of shit you are.

"Why would you eat a hot dog when instead you could eat a pound-and-a-half of baby carrots"

Let me eat what looks like 30 celery stalks, instead of a delicious muffin.

aside from the chocolate chips and the peanut butter maybe, everything on the left is cheaper than the right.

A value size mcds fries is like 99 cents and that amount of peppers is about 3.50 (I have a bag. recommended if u have the money, chop em up in ur eggs)

I really really hate posts like these because they always carry this gross “look it’s so easy to do this and it’s your fault you’re unhealthy” or whatever kind of tone. half the time posts like these completely ignore the convenience/prep time, income level/cost, and location. shit like this always, ALWAYS, whether intentional or not doesn’t matter, they always carry classist, blaming undertones.

not to mention, celery is almost entirely water. there is no flavor, there are barely any nutrients, and it’s not filling. Eat that cheap ass 99 cent gas station muffin and survive the morning while Harry Health-Kick goes and fucks himself

Reblogging (again) for commentary

23 Jan 05:00

Photo



23 Jan 02:05

mymodernmet: According to architect Vincent Callebaut, the...











mymodernmet:

According to architect Vincent Callebaut, the Paris of 2050 could look very different from the city we know today. The architect recently unveiled plans to transform the metropolis into a futuristic “smart” city.

ALL THE PLANTS.

ALL OF THEM.

21 Jan 16:30

Needle Felted Great Grey Owl and More

by My Owl Barn












Michelle Liebgott-Osinga is a naturalist as well as an artist  from Lincoln, Nebraska. She gained a Bachelors Degree in Art at Humboldt State University where her primary focus was ceramics and also studied painting, drawing, biology, and foreign languages.

Michelle now works as a needle felt artist creating soft sculptures in her home studio that are inspired by animals and nature. Her sculpture are made of wool over a wire armature so they can be positioned to sit, stand or to hang on the wall. The polymer eyes, beaks, and talons are hand sculpted and painted by the artist herself. All her creations are incredible but I am in love with the Great Grey Owl shown at the top.

I hope you'll visit her online store - Plains Song Studio to see more of her amazing work. Currently, there are over 30 one-of-a kind sculptures available in her store including beautiful owls, birds, plants etc.

20 Jan 21:00

Pig-Headed Over Halal

Supermarket | Australia

(I’m re-stocking shelves in the pet food aisle in, when a lady angrily shoves a pig’s ear (a type of dog treat) at me.)

Customer: “Where is this made?”

Me: “I’m not sure, but it usually says so on the packaging.”

Customer: “I bet it’s not Australian-made.”

Me: “Well, ma’am, if it is it usually states it on the packaging itself. Australian-made is a pretty big deal to local companies, so they like to put it on there if it is.”

(I take the pig’s ear and sure enough it is made locally in the state we are in, by a local company.)

Me: “Made right here in South Australia. Right there.”

Customer: “I bet it has that disgusting Halal certification crap all over it too! You know your company supports terrorism by allowing this Muslim garbage all over our food. And us customers have to pay for it!”

Me: “You are aware that Muslims are forbidden to eat pork, right? And that this is a pork dog treat? For animals, right?”

Customer: “It doesn’t matter. Your company supports terrorism by allowing Halal on it’s products.”

Me: “Be sure to inform your dog of his choice then, ma’am. Have a nice day.”

(She angrily shoved the locally-made, obviously not-Halal certified, pork dog treat back on the shelf and stormed off.)

20 Jan 04:46

diannesylvan: amovible: mira-of-sassgard: I lost my shit at...



diannesylvan:

amovible:

mira-of-sassgard:

I lost my shit at self-governing snakes.

"Only thinks of you as a friend "

Many birds do not recognise its authority.

So misleading!

20 Jan 04:50

mrasmus: thisistheupside: WE DO NOT HAVE A DINOSAUR Sounds...



mrasmus:

thisistheupside:

WE DO NOT HAVE A DINOSAUR

Sounds like something somebody with a dinosaur would say.

I am skeptical, sir. Very skeptical.

14 Jan 19:00

Doesn’t Fit The Bill

Retail | Scotland, UK

(I work in a gift shop at a castle. A puzzled customer comes up to the till.)

Customer: “How much are your postcards?”

Me: “They’re 50 pence.”

Customer: “So 50p means 50 pence?”

Me: “Yep, they’re the same thing.”

Customer: “Okay, so, I have a certificate for 5.”

(We don’t do gift certificates to the best of my knowledge, so…)

Me: “Sorry; when you say certificate, what exactly do you mean?”

Customer: “It’s like a… bill?”

Me: “A five pound note?”

Customer: “A what?”

Me: *baffled* “May I ask where you’re from?”

Customer: “I’m from California.”

Me: “Right, well, basically, our pence are like your cents, and our pounds are like your dollars. It’s 100 pence to a pound.”

Customer: “OH! That makes so much more sense of all of your shops!”

15 Jan 20:01

NASA's New Horizons Begins First Stages of Pluto Encounter

claudzim

Finally!!

Beam Wave Guide antennas at Goldstone, known as the

NASA's New Horizons spacecraft is entering the first of several approach phases, culminating July 14 with the first close-up flyby of the dwarf planet Pluto.



13 Jan 21:48

When You Burn Fat, Where Does it Go?

by SciShow
When you burn fat, where does it go? Many people, even some doctors, think it's just “burned up.” But that's not possible! Find out where your fat really goe...
From: SciShow
Views: 440811
14615 ratings
Time: 02:43 More in Education