As far back as the 1600’s, Danvers was grappling with the question of what to do with the insane people in their midst. The early solution for Danvers, as it was for other early colonial communities, was to auction them off.
As isolated as these Puritan communities were, clinging to the edge of a strange continent, surrounded by potentially hostile natives and thousands of miles from home, there was no room for gibbering lunatics. But apparently enough of them existed that a policy developed that said, If a sane person wants to buy the services of one of these people, they can be purchased from the community at large and become the property of the purchaser to do with as they wish (presumably to work), but if they are not purchased, they fall back on the community, which usually resulted in them being driven out to face the elements and die.
Mental institutions had long been at their wits’ ends trying to control violent psychotic behavior, and then Walter Freeman showed up with a cheap and easy solution.
What is amazing about this system is not that it came into existence, but that it lasted so long. 200 years later, in 1841, Massachusetts reformer Dorothea Dix noted that most New England towns still contracted with local individuals to care for people with mental disorders who could not care for themselves. Naturally, such a system was rife with abuse.
***NEW POST FORMAT*** Following feedback on our previous posting format, this should work better across more Tumblr styles than our previous format - I hope! Feedback welcome on this… however that would work on Tumblr… I guess go to the URL and comment might be best? Thanks! http://www.manfeels-park.com/comic/tedium/
The Oregonian named a new editor today, nearly three months after former Editor Peter Bhatia announced he would step down to teach at Arizona State.
The new hire is Mark Katches, a highly-decorated investigative reporter and editor who most recently led the Center for Investigative Reporting, a non-profit based in Emeryville, Calif.
Prior to CIR, Katches served as the investigative editor at the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, where his teams won Pulitzer Prizes for local reporting in 2008 and 2010. He earlier worked at the Orange County Register, where the publisher was N.Christian Anderson III, who now holds the same position at The Oregonian.
Mark Katches is an outstanding journalist and leader," Anderson told The Oregonian, which broke the news of Katches' hire. "His track record of leading teams to produce information of
substance that serves readers and communities is extensive. He will
lead us as we continue to transform how we provide and deliver news and
information to the people of Oregon and Southwest Washington."
Thus it has been for more than 50 years. After Glen Canyon Dam was completed in 1966, the Colorado River delta was left for dead. No water, no life. But an unprecedented agreement between the U.S. and Mexico, called Minute 319, changed all that. Over eight weeks, a 105,392-acre-foot pulse flow of water—about 34 billion gallons—would pour through Morelos and down the dry channel. The idea was to mimic the dynamics of the Colorado’s historical spring flood, timed to coincide with the germination of willow and cottonwood seeds. For more than a year, restoration ecologists with Arizona’s Sonoran Institute and Mexico’s leading environmental group, Pronatura, had been planting seedlings and digging channels, concentrating on the low-lying areas where the groundwater was already high enough to support clusters of cottonwoods and willows—and even a few beaver and muskrat. With a little luck, the water would make it far enough down the dry channel to reach these places. With a little more luck, there might be just enough extra water in coming years to keep some of those new seedlings alive.
It was the unlikeliest of plans: take a titanic slug of water from the most over-allocated river in North America, shoot it through some of the driest country on earth, and turn these godforsaken wastelands back into an Eden. And how anyone managed to pull it off is mystifying, because—perhaps you’ve heard—the West is as parched as Mars right now. Here in the heart of the Great Megadrought of 2014, with Lake Mead draining behind Hoover Dam like an unplugged bathtub, farmers scuffling for water like dying men in a life raft, and the Bureau of Reclamation warning Arizona and Nevada to plan on rationing by 2016, somehow $10 million worth of agua pura was being jettisoned.
Furniture maker Greg Klassen builds intricately designed tables and other objects embedded with glass rivers and lakes. Inspired by his surroundings in the Pacific Northwest, Klassen works with edge pieces from discarded trees (often acquired from construction sites, or from dying trees that have begun to rot) which he aligns to mimic the jagged shores of various bodies of water. The pieces are completed with the addition of hand-cut glass pieces that appear to meander through the middle of each table. You can see much more of work here, and several tables are available through his shop.
1907:The Oregon Board of Public Health calls the Willamette River “an open sewer.”
The 1930s:Thanks to decades of use by treatment plants and paper mills, the Willamette is almost biologically dead.
The 1960s :Major cleanup efforts begin—spurred in part by future governor Tom McCall’s 1962 TV news documentary Pollution in Paradise.
1972:National Geographic declares the river “safe to swim in.” Nobody buys it.
2011:“The Big Pipe,” a $1.4 billion sanitation infrastructure project, wraps up, largely ending discharge of raw sewage into the river. So that’s nice!
July 27, 2014: The fourth installment of the Big Float will lure hundreds of swimmers—and their eccentric flotation devices—to the east-side beach beneath the Marquam Bridge. The mob will doggy-paddle a quarter mile to Tom McCall Bowl on the river’s western bank. The one-day splashdown celebrates (and pushes) the Human Access Project’s efforts to encourage swimming in the river and build public beaches along its urban course. (HAP is currently working on three beach construction projects.)
“The Big Float challenges us to consider what it means to live in a green city,” says cofounder Will Levenson. “Portland could be transformed by the realization of its recreation potential.”
Still unsure? Federal monitoring stations reveal the Willamette is on par, or even in a commanding lead, compared to the pH levels, turbidity, and dissolved oxygen content of the picturesque North Umpqua River. So suit up!
Nothing says summer like lounging around and taking shots under the July sun. The Oregon Distillers Festival offers a chance to soak in the summer air while sampling over 100 handcrafted spirits from 20 Oregon Distiller's Guild members.
Tickets to the festival, which run $30.00 a person, include 14 tasting tokens. Located at the Mcmenamins Edgefield Distillery in Troutdale, the festival includes a silent action, with proceeds benefitting the Oregon Distillers Guild. For those who can't stomach straight liquor, don't fret! The festival will also have fresh summer cocktails mixed by the participating distilleries. Black Rabbit's Executive Chef Kenny Giambalvo will be cooking up booze-friendly snacks.
The spirits sampled include new pours from Mcmenamins Edgefield and Cornelius Pass Roadway Distilleries, Big Bottom Whiskey, and Bull Run Distillery. Other highlights include Cannon Beach Distillery's award-winning rums and Wild Roots raspberry and Marion berry-flavored vodkas, each packing over a pound of fruit per bottle.
Mcmenamins is also offered a couple's overnight package for $260 that includes tickets to the Oregon Distillers Festival, lodging, dinner at Black Rabbit after the festival, and breakfast the following morning. The entire event is 21 and up.
Here are seven more key quotes from Ginsburg's dissent in Burwell v. Hobby Lobby:
"The exemption sought by Hobby Lobby and Conestoga would…deny legions of women who do not hold their employers' beliefs access to contraceptive coverage"
"Religious organizations exist to foster the interests of persons subscribing to the same religious faith. Not so of for-profit corporations. Workers who sustain the operations of those corporations commonly are not drawn from one religious community."
"Any decision to use contraceptives made by a woman covered under Hobby Lobby's or Conestoga's plan will not be propelled by the Government, it will be the woman's autonomous choice, informed by the physician she consults."
"It bears note in this regard that the cost of an IUD is nearly equivalent to a month's full-time pay for workers earning the minimum wage."
"Would the exemption…extend to employers with religiously grounded objections to blood transfusions (Jehovah's Witnesses); antidepressants (Scientologists); medications derived from pigs, including anesthesia, intravenous fluids, and pills coated with gelatin (certain Muslims, Jews, and Hindus); and vaccinations[?]…Not much help there for the lower courts bound by today's decision."
"Approving some religious claims while deeming others unworthy of accommodation could be 'perceived as favoring one religion over another,' the very 'risk the [Constitution's] Establishment Clause was designed to preclude."
"The court, I fear, has ventured into a minefield."
San Francisco is not the first place to do this. Groundskeepers at the San Diego’s Padres Petco Park planted edibles in 2012 behind the home team’s bullpen and the head chef uses the peppers in salsa and some of the other veggies for garnish. But the garden at the AT&T Park is making more of a splash. It may not be the first, but it’s the most ambitious to date.
Just under the scoreboard behind center field, artichokes and lavender, blueberries and avocados are growing in raised bed planters.
Just under the scoreboard behind center field, artichokes and lavender, blueberries and avocados are growing in raised bed planters. Of course, home team vegetables with Giants’ colors are prominent: orange chard and cauliflower mixed in with the dark violets and kale.
Leafy greens and spindly herbs grow on aeroponic towers, a lightweight, water-wise alternative to planters. This collaboration between The San Francisco Giants and their food service partner, Bon Appétit Management Company,with designs by Blasen Landscape Architecture and EDG, are helping fans get more roughage into their game-day diet. The produce will be used in the restaurants on-site, and to power-up Giants’ players with kale salads and smoothies.
However, the 4,320 square-foot space is not all kale and cabbage. The area also includes a bar, dining tables, benches and fire pits for fans to use. Peet’s Coffee is closing the loop by providing used grounds for fertilizer. On non-game days, school children will be learning about the strawberries and the bees.
If the edible education of children rings of the First Lady, Michelle Obama’s influence, it’s no coincidence. When the Giants visited the White House in 2013 to receive their official “congratulations” for winning the World Series in 2012, President Obama announced their plans for an edible garden. In his inaugural day speech, San Francisco Giants president and CEO Larry Baer said, “When the president said you are going to do something, you have to go ahead and do it.” Now it’s game on.
You know how something comes out and you’re like, “Oh yeah, I want that NOW”, but then you think that maybe you should wait a bit because it’s expensive and you fear that in 6-12 months time you just won’t be into it the same. And then you wait and you’re all like, “Yeah I still love it” (6 months later), or “What, huh? Oh yeah, that… Sooo NOT interesting anymore”. Well when it comes to Liberty Fabrics for sewing, I’ve always had a mega love affair. Their interiors fabrics though, particularly those out since last Fall, I wasn’t so sure I’d be into them down the road. But yeah, I’m still positively smitten by Liberty Heritage Fabrics for interiors, particularly the Jubilee and Nesfield collection, so I have to share a few fave looks below with you today. Just look at these rich, moody and well, decadent fabrics (there is wallpaper too! Swoon!). I’d love to work on an interiors project incorporating these beauties. Perhaps my own home? I have some ideas…
These prints (especially the photo of the cushion on the white chair above) makes me want to make seat cushions for my white Eames Eiffel chairs for my dining room, and to trim out some linen drapes for my living room, and yes, to maybe make roman blinds (or have them made) for our bedroom. That would be super lux. Now to just find a huge wad of cash laying around so I can throw my money into these projects because the fabric alone would be an investment. And I have an object of desire long on my list: a cozy chair covered in Liberty fabric. Would that not be truly grand? Perhaps once Aidan is older and can understand that no, he cannot jump on mommy’s sacred most holy chair.
Aren’t these prints just the cat’s meoooooow though? Oh my god yes. YES! YES! I’m feeling a Meg Ryan/When Harry Met Sally moment coming on here…
The bicycle, when it was still new technology, went through a series of rapid iterations in the 19th century before it really went mainstream. Designers toyed with different-sized front and back wheels, the addition of chains and cranks and pedals, and tested a slew of braking mechanisms.
By the 1890s, America was totally obsessed with the bicycle—which by then looked pretty much like the ones we ride today. There were millions of bikes on the roads and a new culture built around the technology. People started "wheelmen" clubs and competed in races. They toured the country and compared tricks and stunts.
The craze was meaningful, especially, for women. Both Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton are credited with declaring that "woman is riding to suffrage on the bicycle," a line that was printed and reprinted in newspapers at the turn of the century. The bicycle took "old-fashioned, slow-going notions of the gentler sex," as The Courier (Nebraska) reported in 1895, and replaced them with "some new woman, mounted on her steed of steel." And it gave women a new level of transportation independence that perplexed newspaper columnists across the country. From The San Francisco Call in 1895:
It really doesn't matter much where this one individual young lady is going on her wheel. It may be that she's going to the park on pleasure bent, or to the store for a dozen hairpins, or to call on a sick friend at the other side of town, or to get a doily pattern of somebody, or a recipe for removing tan and freckles. Let that be as it may. What the interested public wishes to know is, Where are all the women on wheels going? Is there a grand rendezvous somewhere toward which they are all headed and where they will some time hold a meet that will cause this wobbly old world to wake up and readjust itself?
Others, like this Sunday Herald writer in 1891, were decidedly less open minded:
The bicycle, as a new technology of its time, had become an enormous cultural and political force, and an emblem of women's rights. "The woman on the wheel is altogether a novelty, and is essentially a product of the last decade of the century," wrote The Columbian(Pennsylvania) newspaper in 1895, "she is riding to greater freedom, to a nearer equality with man, to the habit of taking care of herself, and to new views on the subject of clothes philosophy."
Yes, bicycle-riding required a shift away from the restrictive, modest fashion of the Victorian age, and ushered in a new era of exposed ankles—or at least visible bloomers—that represented such a departure from the laced up, ruffled down fashion that preceded it that bicycling women became a fascination to the (mostly male) newspaper reporters of the time.
Which brings us to a rather remarkable example, from a May 1897 edition of The New York Sun, of early American mansplaining. This particular example features an entire spread—complete with illustrations—of various women's toe-to-knee style in the bicycle age, and writer W.J. Lampton's thoughts on what regional fashion revealed about the city in a woman was biking. Lampton presents his findings lecture-style (and, curiously, refers to the illustrations as if the reader can see them on a screen), suggesting "Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glories of the Whirling of the Wheel" as musical accompaniment.
Lampton calls his essay: The Evidence of the Bicycle from the Shores of the Atlantic to Those of the Pacific—a Trail of Wondrous and Varied Beauty. The pictures are charming and the copy is outright bizarre, full of flourish and objectification. Here's what he has to say about the bicycling women of Boston:
"As you are all so well aware, Boston is famed for her intellectuals...There is a delicate grace and refinement limned upon the canvas, so to speak, that is as transcendental in its esoteric concept of the metempsychosis of a plate of beans as there is in the sacred codfish that flutters its ichthyological tail over the golden dome of the State House."
The writer comments on the "Teutonic quality" of the female bicyclists in Cincinnati, saying that "hills and the bicycle will always produce the effect that we now see before us."
Philadelphia, was apparently notable for the tight leggings women opted to wear: "As will be seen, this view is a happy medium between Boston and Cincinnati, and shows neither too much intellect nor too much physical vigor. It also indicates by the leggings, which are unmistakable in their outlines, that shrinking diffidence which has justily made Philadelphia admired and loved by the classes as well as the masses."
And Washington, D.C., was "like a poet's dream" and "the Paradise of Bicyclers, whose asphalt pavements are to the bicycler what the folden streets of New Jerusalem are to the angels."
In Albany, Lamtpon imagined women on bicycles saying nothing but "'hills, hills, hills,' and adds a cuss word now and then, not only for the labor involved, but for the unbeautiful results of the wheel in daily use."
He didn't have much to say about Chicago, other than how flat it is and how "delightfully" the female bicyclists "add to the views about Chicago."
New York City, naturally, was noted for its "inimitable stylishness...which canont be found in any other limbscape on the continent."
In Denver—"what a change has the bicycle wrought!"—women's ankles outshined its "distant snow-white mountains as the finest sight on earth."
Nashville's "delightfully harmonious scenery" only got a passing mention.
While Atlanta was creepily praised for "her glorious and goddesslike daughters" who "speak for themselves, silently, but oh so expressively."
The writer noted Detroit's women for their "charm of contour" and "rustic diffidence of manner that is refreshingly pictured in the primness and preciseness of the pose now on view."
And though Pittsburgh was usually "obscured by the smoke that hangs always over the town," the writer found it "truly substantial" in what the city "shows to the eye since the bicycle has come among us."
He went a little nuts over Louisville: "What poetry and symmetry we have before us as the result of easy grades and asphalt pavements, whereupon the beauty that a goddess might well weep to gain is seen on every hand—I beg your pardon—I should perhaps have said on every foot, though I do not wish to make a joke of sacred things. Perhaps nowhere in the world shall we find just such a view as this one is."
But he seemed kind of wishy-washy about New Orleans, where he said women's legs appeared "steadier" than in hillier cities, but "more harmonious," too.
On St. Louis: "Still, it isn't as bad as it is in Chicago."
San Francisco: "Need I call your attention, ladies, to the hill effect in this picture? ... This California product, like the big trees, the big fruit, the big pumpkins, and the big lies of that noble State, is cosmopolitan, and may well be called a composite view."
He was a bit nicer to Baltimore. "In the words of a well-known poet, ladies, let me say: 'Graceful and airy is the Baltimore fairy,' and Baltimore may well be proud of her beauty record. Only a casual glance is necessary at the screen to show to even the most indifferent what there is in Baltimore to make it an ever charming resort for those who love the spinning wheel. Well may she be called the Monumental City."
And then there was Brooklyn, apparently trying just as hard then as it does now, confusing Lampton enough that he claimed to have sent the sketch artist back several times to double check the fashion, which Lampton ultimately liked: "I have given you here in this modest little picture a refreshing and rural type, which I know will come to you as a breath of fragrance from the apple blossoms and the new-mown hay. How lovely is Brooklyn, and how refining and enobling are all her influences."
Old newspaper pages are littered with this kind of thing. But there's a special layer to this one. Reading Lampton's bad jokes and hyperbole, I couldn't help but imagine what it must have felt like—in an age when American women were still decades from the right to vote and inundated with men's opinions about their ankles—for a woman to to go outside, hop on her bicycle, and ride as fast as she could wherever she wanted, leaving the rest of the world wondering where she might go.
trains! finally. just add dog-friendly train cars and I will never ever fly again.
The nation’s intercity passenger rail service just got a lot bike-friendlier.
Amtrak announced last week that it is installing new baggage cars — equipped for bike storage — in all trains on its long-distance routes by year’s end. The change will allow Amtrak riders to “roll on” their bikes, rather than disassembling them and transporting them in boxes. The new baggage car equipment is being tested in Chicago, New Orleans, Miami, and the Northeast Corridor, Amtrak officials said in a blog post.
Amtrak officials hinted the more convenient bike transport was in response to demand from consumers. Campaigns aimed at securing assembled bike storage aboard Amtrak routes have been waged in New York and other states. Only a handful of Amtrak routes currently allow a limited number of fully assembled bikes.
“It’s clear that Americans want a national system of intercity passenger rail and Amtrak is moving ahead to build new equipment to meet customer demand,” said Amtrak President and CEO Joe Boardman in the blog post.
In the comments, people were already indicating their intent to ride Amtrak more.
“Roll-on bike service will make me choose Amtrak over air travel every chance I get,” said Washington Bikes Director Barb Chamberlain. ”I’ve been waiting for this to transform my vacation choices.”
According to a recent article in The New York Times, poor people need to read to their children because, “by age 3, the children of wealthier professionals have heard words millions more times than have those of less educated, low-income parents, giving the children who have heard more words a distinct advantage in school (nytimes.com/pediatrics-group-to-recommend-reading-aloud-to-children-from-birth)."
There are BIG class differences in America. We don’t like to talk about them. (We certainly don’t like to talk about race and wouldn’t like to say about the picture illustrating the article in the NYT “Hmm, there’s a white doctor next to a black woman with her child, and the white doctor is holding a book as if to say ‘See how this is done?’”).