How much extra vacuuming though ?
I ordered and received my Bug-a-salt gun late last fall, pretty late in the fly season to really get to put it to serious use. Well, early spring in Western Washington and they are coming back. Over the years I became very proficient with rubber bands, hunting flies and yellow jackets – this takes it to a whole new level.
The Bug-a-salt doesn’t “cream” the flies, leaves them pretty well intact, but it is quite effective. Non-toxic, environmentally friendly, it is spring powered and doesn’t eat batteries. Just table salt.
The gun has sights, but due to the shot pattern and the height of the sights above the bore for me it is a “point and shoot” proposition. A sheet of aluminum foil taped to the wall works well to pattern the shot, like a patterning board for a shotgun. It lets you see the spread of the salt, and calculate your effective range. I am definitely getting better. It is possible to shoot flies out of the air. There is nothing else like it.
The invention and marketing of this product are a story unto itself. I ordered mine early, when they were setting up for manufacture and was able to follow the trials and tribulations of getting this to market. The exportation to some of the countries they had orders from were amazingly complicated.
This year I switched to Morton Kosher salt and find it works better on flies than the table salt. Last year’s tests on yellow jackets were exciting, but not effective. Maybe with the kosher salt…
-- Norm Bolser
Available from Amazon
This is the best introduction to ultralight backpacking there is. Ultralight means you carry less than 25 pounds of gear, food and water for a 10 day trip, and maybe less than 5 pounds for a weekend trip! That’s liberating. If you obsessively reduce the mass of things (or leave them behind) by onefold then you can raise your enjoyment of hiking tenfold.
But most of the stuff in a backpack is carried to overcome a lack of knowledge. So whenever you take away weight you have to replace it with knowledge — knowledge that this book supplies.
This book assumes you are persuaded of this zen-like way. If you need to be persuaded that carry-weight is worth obsessing over, or you want the full course of every option available, and the evidence and reasons for each method, and how to make all the stuff yourself, then you’ll need Ray Jardines’ bible on the subject, the previously reviewed and now updated Beyond Backpacking/Trail Life.
But instead of a bible, this fantastic book by Mike Clelland will give you cartoons. Lot’s of them.
It’s jammed packed with dense, informative, easy to digest, and remarkably helpful advice, hints and instructions on how to accomplish and enjoy walking with very little stuff — and this knowledge is mostly compressed into witty cartoons. I am a big fan of Clelland’s other previously reviewed cartoon guides to snow travel and ordinary backpacking and I really like how amazingly effective his drawings are. Each one is worth thousands of words. It’s fun but not silly. Clelland grapples with the real-world details of, say, not taking a water filter or toilet paper (!!!) and his solutions are born of many seasons of experience. The whole book is authentic and reliable. It will very quickly have you out on the trail carrying a lot less than you once did. Even if you don’t get as extreme as he does, you can move in the right direction by substituting knowledge for stuff. I’ve been going super light for a long time and I learned tons of new tricks on almost every page.
Ultralight Backpackin’ Tips
2011, 144 pages
Available from Amazon
I tried dehydrating a 1 quart jar of kimchi. It produced about 30 grams of dried kimchi which I blended into powder. Now I could use your help from this point. What should I combine this delicious kimchi powder with? I've put it on popcorn, I can see it being used as a alternative to vegetable stock, what else? Mixed drinks, ice cream, salads?
Can you imagine neighborhoods of these little guys popping up? The anti-McMansion micro-home is actually an apartment designed by AF Bostader (Sweden) to be used as student housing. Tiny, yes,… Continue reading on Curbly.com
Wojciech Lipiński, Dr. Sc.Techn, said at the National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS) of recycling carbon dioxide (CO2), “It may seem like trying to put the genie back into the bottle. But it already has been proven with laboratory scale equipment. The process uses three of the worlds most abundant and inexpensive resources. Sunlight is the energy source and carbon dioxide and water are the raw materials.”
The search for ways to use the megatons of industrial carbon dioxide emission has led to a process system for converting that “major greenhouse gas” back into a fuel that released it in the first place.
Solar CO2 Capture Process Graph. Image Credit: Solar Energy Lab, University of Minnesota. Click image for the largest view.
Additionally Lipiński also discussed another project that could be part of a process system using inexpensive calcium oxide, made from ordinary limestone, to capture CO2 before it leaves the smokestacks of coal-fired electric power stations. The CO2 reacts with calcium oxide, forming calcium carbonate, the same material in blackboard chalk, some calcium dietary supplements and some antacids. The calcium carbonate then goes into a reactor that removes the CO2 and regenerates the calcium oxide for another encounter with the CO2.
Both processes use highly concentrated sunlight as the energy source. The test facility built at the University of Minnesota by Lipiński and his colleague Jane Davidson, Ph.D., is a high-flux solar simulator consisting of seven 6,500-watt light bulbs and mirrors that focus the light into a spot about 2 inches in diameter. Temperatures in that spot can reach 3,600º F, which is far higher than the melting point of iron.
In a smokestack process system the solar heat would remove the carbon dioxide from calcium carbonate and regenerate the calcium oxide. In the “genie-out-of-the-bottle” CO2 process, that heat fosters breakdown of carbon dioxide and water to form carbon monoxide and hydrogen, the two components of “synthesis gas” or “syngas.”
The name for syngas comes from its time-tested use – for more than a century – in making or synthesizing other products. Syngas can be converted into synthetic hydrocarbons, for instance, gasoline, diesel and jet fuel or aviation kerosene. Jet fuel is already industrially produced in significant quantities from syngas obtained from coal and natural gas.
Lipiński and his colleagues are developing prototype reactors to demonstrate syngas production from water and captured carbon dioxide in the solar simulator. A full-scale commercial facility would use a field of mirrors to focus sunlight onto a central reactor, similar to the emerging concentrated solar power, or CSP, facilities that now use heat from sunlight to produce electricity.
Lipiński noted that the sunlight-to-synfuels technology could be the basis of “carbon-neutral” energy production, in which CO2 is reused, with the same amount released into the air from burning of fossil fuels removed and put back into synfuels. With their similarity in composition to conventional fuels and long history of use, synfuels made with the solar process also would not require a new infrastructure.
In a closed loop system the CO2 could be used over and over again endlessly. If the sunlight energy source can be made to work in a cost effective manner the idea could get some legs.
Another point that isn’t considered is the ordinary limestone supply is considerable. While no one so far has put the latest technology to numbers ordinary limestone isn’t expensive, making CO2 collection something, well, everyone could do if the technology could scale up economically.
As far fetched as that sounds the tempering comes from the heat units needed. Lipiński and his colleagues have the germ of a great idea, but the 45,500 watts at their disposal in the lab focused to a 2” diameter doesn’t easily transfer into something we could use to work up a paper napkin scenario. Nor is there a rate discussed. It’s an idea in need of more data.
That and the making of the syngas and converting it to fuel aren’t addressed from a cost or facility cost.
We’ll be keeping an eye out for more progress at Minnesota. The idea has a certain charm; using CO2 over and over again does offer the global warming folks a hint of a way to reduce the CO2 emissions. On the other hand, a massive CO2 reduction effort would put anthropological CO2 reduction in direct competition to the planet’s plant life ecosystem.
It’s not as simple as it seems.
The popular stop-smoking iOS app Crush the Crave has been updated
One of the things about having “Mad Men” on TV is it totally reminds me how much friggin’ cigarette smoking used to go on Back in the Day. Seriously, it’s hard to believe now, what with smoking being banned basically everywhere but private homes–and most people not even smoking there any more (my own step mom goes outside her own house, where she lives alone, to smoke; that’s how you know when something has significantly changed)–but there used to be smoking everywhere. I mean, everywhere. Airplanes and buses and restaurants and public parks. Used to be there were public ash trays all over the place, and you would see cigarette butts everywhere. No more. (Now even French restaurants in Paris have no-smoking sections!)
But once you get that habit, it’s durn tough to kick. Which is why there’s still a need for something like the Crush the Crave app. This app was designed by the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact at the University of Waterloo. The app has features that allow you to track your progress in quitting, registering milestones, reminding you how much dough you’ve saved, and many others. The new version has cool help screens and a customized quit plan to help you monitor your habits, understand the cravings, and quite a few more.
Been needing some help in kicking your smoking habit? Maybe this is what you need. Surf on over and check it out; it’s available from the iTunes app store for an MSRP of $FREE. And if you get it and use it, be sure to let us know how it works out for you below!continue reading
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